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Audrey Magnuson (Dec. 25, 1933 - Sept. 16, 2020)

2020.09.20 09:00 portlane Audrey Magnuson (Dec. 25, 1933 - Sept. 16, 2020)

Audrey Ann Kruger Magnuson
Dec. 25, 1933 - Sept. 16, 2020
Audrey Ann Kruger Magnuson, 86, of Portland, Ore., passed away Sept. 16, 2020.
Audrey was born in Sheldon, Iowa, Dec. 25, 1933, to parents Alfred George Kruger Sr. and Myrtle Winifred Evans Kruger. As a young child, Audrey attended a one-room schoolhouse in Sioux County. She contracted Polio at age 12. Audrey later graduated from Sheldon High School with a class of 52 people in 1951.
Audrey attended Texas Lutheran University in Seguin, Texas, before she was commissioned as a Parish Worker in home congregation in her hometown of Sheldon by Pastor Schiffler. She was then called to St. Paul Lutheran in Portland, Ore., where she served as a Parish Worker for eight years.
At St. Paul, Audrey met Robert Magnuson. They married Nov. 20, 1960, and would have celebrated 60 years in two months. After their children were born, Audrey served as office administrator and then preschool director at Gethsemane Lutheran before retiring in the late 90s.
Audrey is survived by her husband, Robert; her brother, Al Kruger Jr.; her four children, Sharon, Jim, Claire (Miller) and Ann (Kilstrom); her two sons-in-law, Garth Miller and Lonn Kilstrom; her nine grandchildren, Marie, Audrey, John, Cory and Jenna Miller; Andrew, Helena, Nathan and Parker Kilstrom; and numerous nieces and nephews. She was preceded by her brothers, Don and John Kruger; and sister, Virginia Horn.
A devout member of the Lutheran Church (ELCA), Audrey never failed to leave a positive mark on people. A cherished mother, grandmother, wife and friend, Audrey was loved by all. She lived her life by her favorite Bible passage, Romans 12, which calls for Living Sacrifice, Humble Service in the Body of Christ, and Love in Action.
Audrey displayed a passion for life with particular interests in gardening, reading, sewing, crafting, cooking, spending time with family and cheering for her Portland Trail Blazers. Audrey possessed an uncommon talent for bringing the good out of people, providing constant joy to the world with her infectious laugh and relentless service to her community. Audrey displayed unwavering care for the world around her, and she loved all people. She will be missed dearly.
A Celebration of Life will be held at Gethsemane at a later date when we can gather after the pandemic. Donations may be made in Audrey's name to Gethsemane Lutheran Church or SnowCap Community Charities. Mt. Scott Funeral Home will post this obituary and host an online guest book to share connections and stories.
Please sign the online guest book at www.oregonlive.com/obits
source: http://obits.oregonlive.com/obituaries/oregon/obituary.aspx?n=audrey-ann-kruger-magnuson&pid=196818683
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2020.09.18 18:44 ammodotcom History of the ATF: How the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms Became Corrupt & Abusive

History of the ATF: How the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms Became Corrupt & Abusive

https://preview.redd.it/m3bn7dobqxn51.jpg?width=989&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=bf44ee93e9295ba7b6ac44e0feb1c5b79eee8d12
It’s unlikely that there is a single federal alphabet organization less popular among the readership of this website than the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms. These are the people who gave us both the Siege at Ruby Ridge and the Siege of Waco. What’s more, they may well be engaged in an entirely unconstitutional exercise: monitoring and patrolling the gun ownership of law-abiding citizens.
There’s also a solid case to be made that the ATF is a rogue organization, the most corrupt of the federal alphabet agencies. This can be seen through a number of scandals beginning with Ruby Ridge, threading through the siege at Mount Carmel in Waco, and continuing to the notorious “Fast and Furious” scandal.
While firearms owners, weapons enthusiasts and Second Amendment advocates might have a special bone to pick with the ATF, we believe that all freedom-loving Americans should be concerned about the overreach, lawlessness and lack of accountability in this organization. Roman poet Juvenal once posed an important (and famous) question about powerful justice officers: “Quis custodiet ipsos custodies?” – Who is to guard the guardians?
All told, there are over 20,000 firearms laws and regulations on the books at the state and federal level. Many of these contradict each other or are written with a lot of room for interpretation. Gun owners and gun dealers are easy prey for a corrupt and lawless federal agency that wants to twist its arms outside the bounds of the law.
It’s also worth considering what overreach and lack of accountability other federal organizations are responsible for that we don’t know about, simply because they do not have the same spotlight on them as the ATF – a reminder that the scandals mentioned above are just the ones that we know about.
We recommend reading this article in concert with our other articles on the ATF: Waco, Ruby Ridge and Fast and Furious. Each of these contains familiar tropes with regard to the ATF: Entrapment, “lost” evidence, a total lack of accountability, aggressive policing tactics where discretion would probably have saved lives, and a vengeful manner of doing business.
The Pre-History of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
The ATF’s genesis lies all the way back in 1886, as a part of the Department of Treasury. Then it was known as the Revenue Laboratory within the Bureau of Internal Revenue. The pre-history of the ATF can then be traced through the Bureau of Prohibition, itself a branch of the Bureau of Internal Revenue formed in 1920. The Bureau of Prohibition was then spun off as an independent agency under the umbrella of the Treasury Department in 1927, before becoming a part of the Justice Department in 1930, and eventually merged into the FBI briefly in 1933.
In December 1933, Prohibition was repealed and the Prohibition Bureau became the Alcohol Tax Unit (ATU) of the Bureau of Internal Revenue. In 1942, they were also tasked with enforcing federal firearms laws, which were scant at the time to say the least – remember that fully automatic machine guns were legal until 1986.
In the early 1950s, the Bureau of Internal Revenue became the Internal Revenue Service that we all know and love today. As part of this reorganization of federal alphabet agencies, the Alcohol Tax Unit was tasked with collecting tobacco taxes as well, and became known as the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax Division (ATTD).
It was with the 1968 Gun Control Act that the agency became the Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms Division of the IRS, and also received some jurisdiction over bombings and arson. In 1972, it became a fully independent bureau of the Treasury Department – the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (B.A.T.F). It was here that the Bureau became tasked more with enforcement of the law around firearms than it did about collecting taxes on tobacco and alcohol.
A Long History of Abuse and Corruption in the ATF
The ATF had a bad reputation long before the events of Ruby Ridge and Waco. They were subject to Congressional hearings in the late 70s and early 80s, because their methods for securing a case were considered overzealous. Evidence at the hearings was presented by American citizens who had been charged, experts who had closely studied the Bureau, and internal officials from the Bureau. The Senate sub-committee investigating declared:
"Based upon these hearings, it is apparent that ATF enforcement tactics made possible by current federal firearms laws are constitutionally, legally, and practically reprehensible."
The ATF was considered especially harmful because they often targeted people who not only didn’t know they were doing anything wrong, but had absolutely no malicious intent at all. Their efforts focused on gun collectors rather than stopping street crime. Indeed, the same investigation found that 75 percent of all ATF prosecutions were targeted at people who had no knowledge that they were breaking the law and had no intent to do anything criminal.
The Firearms Owners Protection Act of 1986 (FOPA) was squarely aimed at reducing the abuses of the Bureau. Nothing less than a complete overhaul of the 1968 Gun Control Act, FOPA allowed for increased interstate sales of long arms, shipping ammunition through the U.S. mail, ended record keeping requirements on most forms of ammunition, and protected the transportation of otherwise illegal firearms across state lines (“safe passage”).
This is also the act that largely prohibited the ownership of fully automatic machine guns by civilians, so it certainly wasn’t perfect.
Ruby Ridge and Waco
Following FOPA in 1986, the next big chapters in ATF history are the sieges at Ruby Ridge in 1992 and Waco in 1993. These events lead directly to the bombing of the federal building in Oklahoma City in 1995.
The Siege at Ruby Ridge
In 1992, Ruby Ridge, Idaho, was the site of an 11-day standoff between the ATF and Randy Weaver – who had been entrapped by the ATF into violating the law regarding the barrel length of a shotgun. They attempted to coerce him into becoming a snitch inside the Aryan Nations (which, as it turned out, was basically an organization entirely full of snitches). When he refused, the ATF moved forward with prosecution.
There was a series of bureaucratic SNAFUs that led to Weaver not knowing what his court date was, missing it, and then deciding not to show up at all out of the very legitimate fear that he would not get a fair shake. So the Marshal Service came in, guns blazing in tactical gear, and did what the feds are perhaps best known for: They shot Weaver’s dog. Unfortunately, it went further than that. They also shot his 14-year-old son Sammy in the back and his wife through a door while she held their infant child.
Patriots descended onto the scene and 11 days later, Weaver came out. He was tried and acquitted of all charges except for failure to appear.
The Siege at Waco
The next year, the ATF had a similar situation in Waco, Texas, where they were investigating a religious group known as the Branch Davidians. Here, the ATF (according to many accounts) was more interested in performing for television cameras than they were in enforcing the law. They used aggressive policing tactics against a group of people who had not been convicted of – or even formally charged with – any crime. The final result was a 51-day siege, at the end of which 82 Branch Davidians (including women and children) were gunned down or burned to death.
Each of these events were directly cited by Timothy McVeigh as radicalizing for him on his road to attacking the federal building at Oklahoma City, stating:
“I chose to bomb a federal building because such an action served more purposes than other options. Foremost the bombing was a retaliatory strike; a counter attack for the cumulative raids (and subsequent violence and damage) that federal agents had participated in over the preceding years (including, but not limited to, Waco). From the formation of such units as the FBI's Hostage Rescue and other assault teams amongst federal agencies during the 80s, culminating in the Waco incident, federal actions grew increasingly militaristic and violent, to the point where at Waco, our government – like the Chinese – was deploying tanks against its own citizens.”
Expanded Powers Post-9/11
Unsurprisingly, the ATF was rewarded for its indiscretions with broader police powers post-9/11, when any three-letter alphabet agency was basically given carte blanche to run roughshod over the civil rights of American citizens. This included an expanded jurisdiction over fuels used in amateur rocketry.
It’s worth briefly noting that the ATF (actually the BATFE, as their agents are quick to tell anyone who will listen) has a bit of a chip on its shoulder because there is a perception that the agency is made up of FBI rejects. The ATF tends to not cooperate with the FBI, something people hoped would end when the ATF was moved from Treasury to Justice. But the so-called “battle of the badges” continues. Each wants to investigate terrorist attacks involving explosives, and there are no clear federal guidelines about which gets which.
Continue reading History of the ATF: How the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms Became Corrupt & Abusive at Ammo.com.
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2020.09.18 15:04 rusticgorilla The NINE agencies Trump is using to corrupt the election

Over the past six months, Trump has been making increasingly false, absurd, and dangerous claims - from saying the “only way” he’ll lose in November is in a rigged election to claiming his opponents illegally “spied” on his campaign.
However, not only is he making these claims, the president and his cronies are corrupting the power of government to inflate his lies to the level of truth and oppress any evidence to the contrary. With the help of loyalists atop every federal agency, Trump has perverted the government to serve his own re-election desires.
This list is nowhere near comprehensive. There are many more examples that could be given, but I tried to keep it short enough that it is still readable.

ODNI and Intelligence Community

Limit disclosure of knowledge of Russian sabotage.
The Office of the Director of National Intelligence, led by Trump loyalist John Ratcliffe, canceled future in-person briefings on election security issues to the congressional intelligence committees. Instead, the ODNI will provide written briefings only.
The change came after a classified briefing in which top counterintelligence official Bill Evanina told House members that Russia is again trying to boost President Donald Trump’s reelection and denigrate his opponent, Joe Biden. Trump was enraged after details of the briefing leaked to the public, revealing that his own administration’s intelligence officers contradict his repeated assertions that Russia is not interfering on his behalf.
Reminder: Trump fired the previous DNI, Joseph Maguire, after learning that one of Maguire’s staff members gave a 2020 election security briefing to the House Intelligence Committee. In the briefing, Maguire aide Shelby Pierson alerted committee members that Russia was interfering in the 2020 campaign in an effort to tip the election in Trump’s favor. In firing Maguire, Trump sent a warning to the entire intelligence community: Trump’s opinion and electoral prospects must be prioritized over facts.

Department of Homeland Security

Twist intelligence to support campaign and personal motives.
Election interference
Former acting Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Intelligence and Analysis Brian Murphy filed a whistleblower complaint alleging that Acting Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf interfered with intelligence assessments in order to benefit Trump politically.
In May 2020, Acting Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf told Murphy to “cease providing intelligence assessments on the threat of Russian interference in the United States, and instead start reporting on interference activities by China and Iran.” Wolf told Murphy those instructions came directly from the White House.
In July 2020, DHS chief of staff John Gountanis intervened to stop publication of an intelligence bulletin warning about a Russian disinformation plot to “denigrate” the mental health of Joe Biden. On July 8, Murphy said, he met with Wolf, who told him that the intelligence notification should be “held” because it “made the President look bad.”
Trump not only attempts to hide intelligence that contradicts the false narrative he continues to push about China actively interfering to boost Biden, according to Murphy Trump’s officials directed him to prioritize intelligence on China and Iran.
It’s disturbing enough for a president and his allies to distort intelligence assessments for political gain, but Murphy’s account suggests something more nefarious—that intelligence authorities and positions of public trust might have been used to engineer the narrative from the outset.
Campaign agitprop
Murphy’s complaint also details that Senior Official Performing the Duties of the Deputy Secretary Ken Cuccinelli ordered him to modify intelligence assessments to make the threat of white supremacy “appear less severe” and include information on violent “left-wing” groups and Antifa. The reason given was “to ensure they matched up with the public comments by President Trump on the subject of ANTIFA and ‘anarchist’ groups.”
Trump has spent months fear-mongering about imagined mobs of far-left activists coming to attack the suburbs. On Saturday, the Trump campaign sent out an “ANTIFA ALERT” text message to supporters, saying “they’ll attack your homes if Joe’s elected. Pres Trump needs you to become a Diamond Club Member.”

Customs and Border Patrol

Cause unrest in Democratic-cities to assist in fear campaign.
Border Patrol agents were among the federal forces sent to Portland to confront and arrest protestors over the summer.
Gil Kerlikowske, former commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection under President Barack Obama, said BORTAC, the unit dispatched to the city, is chiefly trained to pursue fugitives and criminals. "They're clearly the wrong group to be doing this.”
The violence they provoked was featured in Trump’s campaign ads and RNC nomination acceptance speech.
“Trump has ratcheted up political ties to border patrol to another level,” Todd Miller, the author of Empire of Borders, said. “He based his whole 2016 campaign around this, and it is now at the core of his 2020 re-election bid. These are his people.”
Most recently, the Border Patrol produced and published a dramatized video showing a Spanish-speaking attacker stabbing and killing a man in a dark alley after escaping from U.S. agents - “a clip apparently created to dramatize President Trump’s depiction of migrants as fearsome criminals.”

Justice Department

Weaponize the law to harm opponents and save himself.
Investigate Trump’s rivals
Trump and Attorney General Bill Barr are reportedly pressuring U.S. Attorney John Durham and his team to release the results of their probe before the November election. Durham was appointed by Barr to investigate the origins of the Mueller investigation and the FBI’s Russia probe. Last week, a highly respected and experienced prosecutor, Nora R. Dannehy, resigned as a senior aide to Durham due to concern over this improper political pressure.
Trump has publicly expressed impatience with the Durham investigation, saying there should be more prosecutions and disclosures of information that would damage his political rivals. Last month, Barr indicated the DOJ would not respect an informal policy against taking investigative steps 60 days before Election Day.
In a speech on Wednesday, Barr essentially rebuked the Mueller investigation and the cases it spawned: “Smart, ambitious lawyers have sought to amass glory by prosecuting prominent public figures since the Roman Republic. It is utterly unsurprising that prosecutors continue to do so today to the extent the Justice Department’s leaders will permit it. As long as I am Attorney General, we will not.”
Assist Trump’s allies
Attorney General Barr has explicitly interfered in at least two criminal cases against Trump’s allies, helping the president promote the narrative that the Obama administration (in which Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden served) acted inappropriately. In February, Barr overruled career federal prosecutors in order to recommend the former Trump campaign advisor Roger Stone receive a lesser prison sentence. The entire team of prosecutors resigned from the criminal case due to the Justice Department’s interference. Trump ultimately commuted Stone’s 40-month sentence, much less than the original recommendation of seven to nine years in prison.
Then, in May, the Justice Department filed a request to drop the criminal case against Trump's first national security adviser, Michael Flynn, despite the fact that Flynn twice - before two separate judges - admitted to lying to the FBI. In response, nearly 2,000 former DOJ employees called for Barr’s resignation, saying he had “assaulted the rule of law.”
Politically-motivated actions
Barr reportedly told prosecutors to explore aggressive charges against people arrested at recent demonstrations across the US, even suggesting bringing a rarely used sedition charge, reserved for those who have plotted a threat that posed imminent danger to government authority.
The AG asked prosecutors in the Justice Department’s civil rights division to explore whether they could bring criminal charges against Mayor Jenny Durkan of Seattle for not acting immediately to disrupt the police-free zone created by protestors over the summer. According to the Associated Press, charges were also explored against city officials in Portland, Oregon, for the continued protests in the area.
The Justice Department is targeting Democratic governors for coronavirus outbreaks in state-owned nursing homes. The four governors - PA’s Tom Wolf, MI’s Whitmer, NJ’s Murphy, and NY’s Cuomo - are frequent targets of Trump for not lifting pandemic restrictions as fast as he’d like. Republican-run states have very similar rules about nursing home admissions yet are not under DOJ investigation.
Just yesterday, Barr publicly bashed states that still have restrictions in place, saying that “stay at home orders” are “like house arrest.” Incredibly, Barr added: “Other than slavery, which was a different kind of restraint, this is the greatest intrusion on civil liberties in American history."
  • More: In April, Barr issued a memorandum directing the nation’s U.S. attorneys to be on the lookout for public health rules that might, among other things, constitute “undue interference with the national economy.”

CDC and FDA

Rush coronavirus treatments to save his election chances.
At the end of March, the FDA issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) to allow hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine for coronavirus COVID-19 treatment after weeks of pressure from Trump. For instance, eight days before the EUA, Trump tweeted that hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin could be "one of the biggest game changers in the history of medicine" and should "be put in use immediately."
Ultimately, the FDA revoked its EUA in June after more evidence revealed hydroxychloroquine can cause “serious cardiac adverse events.”
Experts say the FDA again caved to political pressure when it approved an expanded use of convalescent plasma to treat covid patients, the night before the Republican National Convention. Despite concerns over plasma’s effectiveness, Trump called Dr. Francis S. Collins, the director of the N.I.H., to tell him: “Get it done by Friday.” When it wasn’t, Trump took to Twitter to accuse those at the FDA of being part of the “deep state” withholding an approval “to delay the answer until after November 3.” The next day, the FDA announced its approval.
Finally, and most obviously, Trump has pressured the FDA to approve of a coronavirus vaccine before the November election. Experts across the board have said there is no way our government and existing infrastructure will be ready to distribute, administer, and track doses by November.
Trump, Sept. 2: "[It's] going to be done in a very short period of time -- could even have it during the month of October… We’re going to have a vaccine very soon, maybe even before a very special date. You know what date I’m talking about” (clip 1 and clip 2.
Just yesterday, Trump contradicted CDC chief Robert Redfield’s timetable for the vaccine, saying the doctor was “confused” in his congressional testimony.
"If you're asking me when is it going to be generally available to the American public, so we can begin to take advantage of vaccine to get back to our regular life, I think we're probably looking at third, late second quarter, third quarter 2021," Redfield told a Senate appropriations subcommittee.
"I think he made a mistake when he said that. It's just incorrect information," Trump said about Redfield's vaccine timeline. Following Trump’s repudiation, a CDC spokesman walked back Redfield’s statements to be in line with the president’s. "He was not referring to the time period when Covid-19 vaccine doses would be made available to all Americans," the spokesman said.

Department of Health and Human Services

Convince the public that the pandemic is gone.
DHS is bidding out a more than $250 million contract to a communications firm as it seeks to “defeat despair and inspire hope” about the coronavirus pandemic. Among the goals of the contract: “sharing best practices for businesses to operate in the new normal and instill confidence to return to work and restart the economy.” In other words: exactly what Trump has tried to project onto the nation despite his failure to effectively contain the spread of the coronavirus.
As the House Oversight Committee has expressed, “rather than focus on planning and executing a national strategy to contain the coronavirus, the Trump Administration is using a quarter of a billion dollars in taxpayer money to fund what appears to be a political propaganda campaign just two months before a presidential election.”
Remember, the pandemic crisis still gripping America is Trump’s own creation. Olivia Troye, Pence’s top aide on the White House coronavirus task force, went public yesterday with her firsthand experiences. She relays that throughout the pandemic, Trump was consumed by himself and his prospects in November. “For him, it was all about the election,” Troye said.
Instead of trying to help Americans and slow the spread, Trump is spending 250 million taxpayer dollars to try to convince us not to believe our own eyes and ears.

US Postal Service

Discredit vote-by-mail and suppress the vote.
President Trump on Thursday continued his months long campaign against mail-in voting this November by tweeting that “MAYHEM” will occur in states that send ballots to all registered voters. In another tweet, Trump falsely asserted that “the Nov 3rd Election result may NEVER BE ACCURATELY DETERMINED” due to nine states running universal mail-in voting.
By casting doubt on mail ballots and the election results, Trump is trying to accomplish two things: (1) persuade voters not to participate in the election, and (2) claim victory prematurely, or even after a decisive loss.
To this end, Postmaster DeJoy - a big donor to Trump’s campaign - has sent confusing misinformation to voters in these states that automatically send registered voters ballots by mail.
DeJoy has also implemented changes at USPS that significantly slowed the delivery of mail, making it harder for people to vote by mail with confidence and, likely, scaring some people away from voting at all in the middle of the pandemic. Trump is betting on these changes having a bigger impact on Democrats than Republicans, especially considering the fact that he has spent nearly the entire year downplaying the threat of the coronavirus to his base.
  • Note: Barr is also cranking out false public statements to discredit vote-by-mail, whether it’s falsely claiming it’s vulnerable to a massive foreign-engineered conspiracy or blatantly misrepresenting actual domestic cases of fraud.

National Park Service

Assist in taxpayer funded staging of campaign events.
Yes, even the National Park Service has been corrupted by Trump, via former oil industry lobbyist and Secretary of the Interior David Bernhardt. Most recently, the NPS produced what appears to be a campaign ad, with no other purpose than promoting Trump. In fact, the words “PRESIDENT TRUMP” in all caps are the first words to appear on screen. The video likely breaks the law:
The federal Anti-Deficiency Act prohibits the use of federal funds for purposes other than those Congress has authorized… if Congress has not authorized the Interior Department to use our money to create campaign ads (and it hasn’t), then the Interior Department cannot legally create campaign ads. In addition to this general prohibition against using funds for unauthorized purposes, there is an express prohibition against propaganda.
Additionally the NPS allowed Trump to take over Mount Rushmore National Memorial for an air and fireworks show ostensibly to celebrate Independence day. In reality, Trump used the event to rail against Democrats, promote his statute-protecting executive order, and warn of a "left-wing cultural revolution." Put differently, it was a campaign event in the middle of a national park.
In June, U.S. Park Police (officers of the NPS) took part in forcibly removing peaceful protestors with tear gas and rubber bullets from the area in and around Lafayette Park, a national historic landmark and public place, for the president's photo-op with a bible. And in 2019, the Park Service used $2.5 million in fees paid by national park visitors to fund President Trump's "Salute to America" celebration in the National Mall.
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2020.09.17 21:44 Pjd7510 Group Select Survey Results

Top 3 answers get +3, +2. and +1 balls, bottom 3 answers get -3, -2, -1.
LETS GET STARTED
Question 1: Favorite Baseball Player and Why
Dylan
Growing up every day with Chipper and Andruw Jones in the Braves lineup for the first like 15-20 years of my life was special, Chipper in particular. Acuna is catching up fast, though.
I asked for one player though, not your entire Barves lifestory
Bnavis
Jake Arrieta, his rise really mirrored the cubs, and that 2015 season was incredible.
Arrieta can pound a bag of dicks for being absolute shit
Ruairi
Barry Bonds. He was the greatest hitter of all-time and it isn't even up for discussion. He was a hall of famer before the "alleged" steroid use and became the greatest player of all-time after. The man would get one pitch in the strike zone to hit every night and he would hit it for a home run everytime. No batter has ever been feared the way Barry was feared, not even close. Everyone can say they hate Barry Bonds and don't respect him or whatever crap they want to spew out, but the truth is, when he came up to bat, literally everyone stopped what they were doing to see what he would do, and then when he'd hit a massive home run, everyone would be in awe of his insane abilities.
Barry Bonds is lowkey one of my favorite players, this is valid reasoning.
Polelover
David Ortiz. Self-explanatory.
Fuck the Red Sox
Bgro
Jason Kendall bc he was a leadoff catcher and gritty as hell. He refused to ever sit out a game even though he played such a demanding position.
Kendall was one of my favorite Pirates to watch, glad to see someone else is a big Kendall fan
Jiggy
matt kemp, restored my love of the game. in his prime he was incredible and he seemed to be having a blast playing. oh and i'm hyper vain and he dated rhianna while being the best player in the sport and i think that's cool as fuck.
Kemp should have won MVP over Braun. Fuck Ryan Braun
Rose
Frank Thomas? Frank Thomas is just a mythical figure of childhood for me. The 2006 A's were an extremely formative team for my baseball fandom and Frank Thomas was probably the first time a player I was already aware of outside of the A's became relevant to the A's, and having him play for Oakland felt like being blessed by a god. Objectively or statistically there are more dominant hitters than Frank Thomas in history but in my mind he's the most impeccable hitter of all time.
I forgot that Big Hurt was an A. Thomas was a fun player to watch
Cory
Rickey Henderson. Unbelievable talent with a rare skillset, combined with a cool "hometown hero" story, long career, endless mythology and great stories.
Yankees Legend Rickey Henderson
Wharble
Vladimir Guerrero for teaching me that strike zones are merely suggestions
It's a shame his son took that lesson the opposite way
Iama
Mariano Rivera, just a great feeling when he would come into the game and lock it down. ice cold blood in the veins, and a great team player and ambassador for the game.
There will never be another as good as Mo when it comes to locking down a game
+3 Ruairi, +2 Rose, +1 Jiggy
-3 Pole, -2 Dylan, -1 Bnavis
Question 2: Favorite High School Story
Dylan
We used to pay "high stakes" Call of Duty at my friend tommy's basement. We played gun game on black ops. if you lost you got fingered in your butthole
Kinky
Wharble
that time in high school I went to Edinburgh to perform a musical for some Scots
Did you play the bag pipes?
Pole
9th grade a bunch of us gathered in the school library the first night of winter break and binged the lord of the rings movies. Extended editions, of course.
Thats a good way to spend a night
Iama
Four Loko Night, many shenanigans were gotten up to and the night culminated in ejecting flaming pumpkins off a bridge into a gorge
And this is how states burn to the ground
Bnavis
me and a couple guys got onto the very top roof of the palmer house hilton, managed to avoid a bunch of security. got good pictures
Sounds like a blast
Jiggy
probably driving to a city of 30k people in the middle of buttfuck nowhere, getting piss drunk and doing Too Much Molly for one person. we did all this shit and it's like 1:30, walk to a dominos and wait outside for our shit. all of a sudden this dude comes up to us and asks us if we were the ones that catcalled his gf (we were not) to which one of my buddies said "nah but i wish i would've." dude gets in his truck and chases us down streets of moose jaw saskatchewan for thirty minutes as we run for our lives while smoking grape flavored cigarillos. we get separated, i lose my phone, sleep on a merry-go-round in a park in october (so like it's 25 degrees at best) and walk to a starbucks to find a stranger that'll let me use their laptop to contact my friends bc i don't know their numbers, forgot my facebook password, forgot my gmail password to reset it, end up on this middle aged man's 15 year old dell laptop for forty minutes trying to figure out how to contact my friends while still fucked up, eventually a dude i partied with happened to walk past and i ran outside and got him to call dan, dan picks me up and we drive back home and eat pizza hut
Holy shit
Ruairi
Oh boy strap in for this one. So it's freshman year of college. I live in the dorms. I'm single and have next to no experience with girls/parties. It's Halloweekend (the weekend of Halloween so very many parties at SDSU). Unfortunately, I was not in a frat so I was not allowed in any frat parties, so I had to party in the dorm. Anyway. My roommate went to his gf football game (she was a cheerleader for a community college 30 minutes away) so I was just hanging out in my room with the door open to talk with anyone from my floor that wanted to hang. This girl from the floor below me (that I had just met a few days ago and showed off my baseball knowledge to in the study room) walks by my room and stops. She says hi and comes in and I'm talking with her. She has a bottle of cranberry juice and vodka and offers me some. Obviously, I accept. She says she has a full bottle of vodka in on her floor and she'll bring it up to party with me. A really attractive girl wants to hangout with me on Halloween while she is dressed up and wants to get me drunk? Hell yea! So she goes down to her floor and I wait for her to come back. But then about 20 minutes have gone by and she has not come back, leaving me to believe she had bailed :(. So I go across the hall to my friends room to drink and play super smash bros. About an hour or two goes by and I've had some shots just vibin on the floor. A few of the girls who went out to a party had come back and I was hanging out with them. Then the girl from the floor below came back with friends and was trashed. She was in our study lounge puking in the trash so I was in there taking care of her and helping her out. I was just rubbing her back and getting her water while holding her hair. There was a weird dude on our floor who was into her also trying to help but it was super weird and uncomfortable with him there because well as I said he was weird and creepy. After an hour, one of my other friends said Chase and Diego were letting people in their room (now these kids didn't talk much to anyone, except Chase. Me and him were boys). So I went over to their room to see what was poppin' because this was a moment of a lifetime. Chase was a little drunk but Diego was smashed and so was his gf. Total in the room it was me, Chase, Diego, his gf, a dude name Kayvon, and two other girls, Leah and Katie. I was just hanging out talking with everyone and then the three girls were talking about french kissing. Leah hadn't ever frenched so the other girls wanted to show her how. So they passed each other around like a bong just frenching it up. I was dumbfounded. This is what college is??? I'd seen videos but I didn't think they were real. Diego was getting super into his gf making out with these two other girls, kinda hyping them up. Once they had stopped frenching, Katie and Leah left the room. Diego started to get the spins and tried to lay down on his bed. Then he vomited on himself. Me, already experienced with vomit in the evening, tried to help him out and get him up and to the bathroom or at least the trashcan. I did what I could but then his gf was acting all crazy and yelling at me to get out of the room, so I did. I returned to the cute drunk girl on the couch, as I told her I would be gone for just a few minutes (it was really about 20-30). She was super excited to see me again. At that point, she asked me to watch the World Series with her, as the Mets and Royals were going to play Game 5 (I believe) on the Sunday (the next day). I told her of course I would and that I'd be watching in that very study lounge. After a little while longer, I told her she needed to go to bed so I walked her down to her room while the weird creepy dude followed us. I wasn't going to let him walk her to her room because frankly I didn't trust the dude. Got her to her room, said good night, and that was the end of that. I went back to my room and told my roommate and his gf about the eventful night I had. Jumping back to earlier in the story, cute girl said she had returned to my room about 30 minutes later but she couldn't get the vodka from her floor because some dudes had taken it. I had left my room at that point so she ended up going out to the party instead since I wasn't there. I did end up dating that girl for a decent amount of time, but that's for a different survey.
Ruairi remains the undisputed king of storytelling
Rose
was homeschooled for most of high school and didn't go to college. i'm not gonna get balls but at least be gentle with taking balls away
Rose you are a treasure, no ball loss for you
Cory
Frosh year. My roommates and I had a couple dorm floor mates who either only have weekday meal plans, or no meal plan at all. So we started casually stealing them some non-perishable goods to last them over the weekend. Through natural progression, this slowly turned into us creating an entire klepto organization that eventually fed most of our dorm house. We had a few tricks. One was bringing sports bags in with us - they would make you check backpacks at the door, but since sports bags might have expensive equipment, they let you take them in. So we'd just stuff them full of gallon bags of cereal, bagels, etc. Our dining hall had a patio area, where at night, you could see in from the outside, but not vice versa. We would load up our plates with one type of food, grab a gallon or two of milk, a tray of cookies, etc., saunter out to the patio, bag/pack everything up, and then toss it over the railing to our Outside Man down below, who would then take it back. At the end of the year, the dining hall had a program where you could return anything you "walked off accidentally" with with no repercussions, so we went to collect and tally any cups/bowls/plates/silverware we'd liberated, and found ourselves with two full boxes of stuff. Fearing *some* sort of repercussions from the sheer volume of stuff, we waited until the DH was closed one night, climbed over the railing, and left the boxes on a patio table.
This is amazing
Bgro
I jumped out the window of the classroom once just to prove to a friend how oblivious our teacher was. I then walked in through the front door, greeted said oblivious teacher, and sat back down at my desk. She was very confused.
Classic
+3 Ruairi, +2 Cory, +1 Jiggy
-3 Dylan, -2 Iama, -1 Bnavis
Question 3: Favorite Vacation You Took
Wharble
does the scotland one kinda count as a vacation? if so, that one, if not, fuck idk I've only ever been to Vegas or Mexico on vacations so imma go with one of the 14 times I went to Mexico
I would love to go to Mexico
Pole
Winter 2010, we went to a resort in Turks & Caicos. Joe Girardi was there too. He and my mom are best friends now.
Pics or it didnt happen
Iama
lake house in new hampshire with all my cousins, just waterskiing, swimming, and hanging out by the water every day for a week
That sounds fantastic
Bnavis
italy, rome's cool as fuck
Another high effort answer from Bnavis.
Jiggy
when my sister lived in vancouver i flew there and then we drove from vancouver to tijuana together and camped on beaches and shit
I've always wanted to camp out on a beach, that sounds dope
Ruairi
Well, since my brother and I played baseball year round from elementary school through high school, we didn't take many/any vacations. So I will have to say the only real vacation I've taken is my trip to Texas a few weeks ago. It was amazing getting to see my best friend with our other best friend. Shot real guns for the first time. Went to the beach a couple of times and the water was so warm, it was amazing. Had Texas BBQ and it was to die for. It was super cool being in a somewhat small town since I've grown up in San Diego/Temecula for my whole life and haven't lived in a farm-like town. It was a super cool experience and I would easily risk getting coronavirus to do it again.
Thats pretty dope, small towns are always fun to go to
Rose
my favorite 'vacation' ever was actually recent. i dogsit for my sister sometimes when she goes somewhere and get to spend a week or so getting paid to relax at her apartment in san francisco with her dog and drinking and eating good food. it's nice because it's not touristy, i'm not staying at a hotel or anything, it's more like dipping my toes into living in a big city for a week or two and then getting to return to my normal life afterwards. my 'favorite vacation' was when i was there for over a week last year just chilling with no responsibilities other than taking care of her dog
The best vacations are the ones where you do absolutely nothing
Cory
New Zealand, September 2019. Gorgeous land all-around, really good (and cheap) beer, fun time exploring with friends, Lord of the Rings shit everywhere, good beer, very nice populace.
Thats dope, New Zealand is on my must visit list
Dylan
All my friends and I rented a house in Hatteras in the Outer Banks a few years ago. Massive house, right on the water, perfect water. Took a lot of acid, listened to Miles Davis' Bitches Brew while the mosquitoes ate my body apart while the sun went down.
Thats pretty dope
Bgro
Backpacking around Europe for a month with my buddies when I was 17. We visited 8 countries, sleeping in hostels and trains.
That is the dream, glad you got to live it
+3 Ruairi, +2 Rose, +1 Bgro
-3 Bnavis, -2 Pole, -1 Wharble
Question 4: You are now Commissioner of MLB, what changes do you make? (For time constraints I am going to post the top 3 answer and bottom 3 answers as many of these are similar)
Iama
negotiate things with the unions to make sure i can do the following fire rob manfred from any position he may hold (also joe west, cb bucknor, angel hernandez, and laz diaz) fix the minor league wage system so players make a living wage; also adjust the prearb/arb/fa system for better fairness abolish the dh and/or maintain the al/nl system abolish bad extra inning rules and/or robot umps, if they have been implemented bring back the bullpen car more doubleheaders bring back disco demolition night
Love all of these except getting rid of the DH
Bnavis
very slowly turn baseball into blurnsball from futurama
No
Jiggy
  1. no interleague 2. no divisions, just leagues 3. 12 games against each league opponent, 168 game schedule (until expansion, see 9; after expansion this will become 165 games, 15 against each league opponent) 4. al dh, no dh in nl 5. top 3 make playoffs in each league, 1 gets a bye. 2v3 in a best of 7, winner vs 1 in a best of 9, best of 11 world series (i realize it's not fun viewing but it gets the best result) 6. fines for anyone who tries to institute unwritten rules or whatever the fuck, promote the shit out of guys like tatis/tim anderson that make the game fun 7. no baserunner on 2nd rule 8. legalize steroids 9. expand to 38 teams, play one season. bottom 7 in each league go down to make a 24 team mlb and a 14 team mlb2, following this, use the english promotion/relegation system but with 4 from each league now. so effectively, bottom 4 in the al automatically go down, top 3 from al-mlb2 automatically come up and then a playoff of 4v7 and 3v6 from mlb2's al (best of 3 round 1, best of 5 round 2) to determine the fourth team that rejoins the majors. 10. create a more fun environment at the game. music throughout the game, including during play, also every team has a small waterpark at the ballpark 11. encourage players to have cool cleats why is trevor bauer the only one taking advantage of this 12. go back to pre-2017 balls
Jiggy gets it
Rose
make the wild card a 3 game series played in 2 days (games 1 and 2 as a double header,) expand to 32 teams (portland and montreal/charlotte/nashville,) universal DH (i don't mind both leagues having different rules but universal DH is probably the pandemic induced rule that makes the most sense to keep,) execute Alex Bregman on live TV, don't kill the minor leagues, don't do any other dumb bullshit, sit back and watch the money stack
Yes absolutely bring back the Expos, fuck Ass Bergman
Wharble
pay the minor leaguers, institute a salary floor, institute something resembling a RFA system instead of arb, ban Rob Manfred from baseball idk I'm tired
Go back to bed bud
Pole
Overhaul the free agency system to disincentivize service time manipulation. Add a salary floor for teams.
Ok
+3 Jiggy, +2 Rose, +1 Iama
-3 Bnavis, -2 Pole, -1 Wharble
Question 5: You have been signed by the WWE! Congratulations! What is your In Ring Name, Gimmick, and Finisher
Wharble
Thiccums, whatever vince gives me, and either the spear or the clothesline from hell
Show some creativity and own your own gimmick. Jobber status for you
Pole
I am The Ogre. I come out in full Shrek cosplay. My finisher is the GET OUT OF MY SWAMP.
:corynod:
Iama
Wrath-Hog Bounty Hunter Bearhug Life Force Squeezer
So do you hunt other wrestlers? Are you a hunter for an authority figure? As of now you are a Jobber
Bnavis
just give me minus points for this
SAY NO MORE, -3 BALLS
Jiggy
Chicken Bryan Kane's little brother, thus making me the Undertaker's grandson The Carraba's Crusher - honestly it'd just be ember moon's eclipse bc it's the coolest shit
Only issue, Kane is already Undertakers brother so you would also be Undertakers brother. That said maybe we can bring Taker out of retirement for a one off with you
Ruairi
Ring Name: The Notorious Ruairious. Gimmick: I am a Northern Irishman who uses a wicked head butt to stun and knock out opponents. I have swagger, but am very humble. I throw off my opponents by complimenting their bodies rather than trash talking them. Finisher: I get the opponent on the ground and do a jig over them, as my kicks knock them unconscious.
This is a dope gimmick, would likely book you to face Sheamus for 3 months before going for the WWE Title.
Rose
Ring name is Anne Phibian, my finisher is a Frog Splash and my gimmick is that i am extremely into frogs and i brutally beat down opponents and share Frog Facts with the audience on the mic while they are incapacitated
Instant top heel in the Women's division. Would book you to face Charlotte Flair at Wrestlemania for the Women's Title.
Cory
The Mortician (Cory *Graves*). My gimmick would be crawling my up through the bottom of the ring to start each match. We would then have to wait for the mat to be repaired before beginning the match. Finisher: The Scalpel - I run back and forth between the ropes a few times, gaining momentum, eventually bouncing off, going into a horizontal pencil dive motion, and kicking my opponent square in the chest.
I can see some good feuds between you and The Fiend Bray Wyatt. Could be a good wrestlemania match.
Dylan
Bitch, I'm Big Pepsi I'm sponsored by Pepsi Co. to deliver the sweet taste of Pepsi products to the world, BY FORCE The Baja Blaster - I yeet a full cup of MTN DEW Baja Blast (tm) into my opponent's eyes before hitting them with a shoryuken from street fighter
I dig it. Will book you as a main eventer before having you job to Roman Reigns and then banish you to the midcard forever
Bgro
My ring name is "El Ratoncito Miguel" which translates to "The Little Rat, Miguel". My gimmick is that I always pretend I'm not actually there to fight, I'm just lost and looking for directions. I insist way beyond a humorous amount of time that I'm really not a wrestler and you must have me mistaken and how do you get to Union Street. Then, when everyone's going home and the lights are turned off, that's when I attack. My finisher is called Open-Face Slap, where I run to one side of the ring and then charge full speed at you and open face slap you.
Instant Top Chicken Shit Heel. You can win the WWE Title on a fluke before losing it at Mania to someone like Daniel Bryan
+3 Bgro, +2 Ruairi, +1 Rose
-3 Bnavis, -2 Wharble, -1 Iama
Question 6: Here have a ball
+1 to everyone who said thank you
No balls to everyone who said ok
No one told me to go fuck myself so no one loses a ball
Question 7: One of these has to go what do you get rid of.
+1 Balls to everyone for correctly choosing a seafood based item
Question 8: Penguins are...
+1 Ball to everyone who said Badass
No Balls for those who said "they aight"
No one loses a ball
Question 9: Society has completely collapsed, what do you do to survive.
Wharble
bold of you to assume I'd make it out of a societal collapse
Wonderful spirit Wharble
Pole
Hoard some precious resource so I can trade it for other things that I need.
Smart
Iama
the world is my oyster
But what are you doing to survive
Bnavis
kill myself, i'm not a fool. i wouldn't survive a day in the wild
Just excellent effort from Bnavis
Jiggy
honestly i wish i had a nice plan for you but i know i wouldn't make it. just hangout with my gf for as long as possible and do enough mdma to forget about our impending doom
Understandable
Ruairi
I have a co-worker who has a full survival shelter with many guns. I go to him to survive.
Good move
Rose
i don't believe in my ability to survive alone in an apocalyptic scenario so i would determine if i'm reasonably close to a costco. if i think i'm close enough i believe a society of about 200-300 people could survive in a barricaded costco for several months at least without issue, and i will try to get a footing there. if i can't make it to something like that i will seek out the strongest most prepared looking person in my neighborhood and pray they show mercy.
Good to have a plan
Cory
Hoard gasoline and water (a la The Immortan Joe from Mad Max: Fury Road). If that doesn't work out, I would travel from settlement to settlement, bard-style, recanting happenings from neighboring settlements and regaling folks with song.
That man making the best of a bad situation
Dylan
Go to the basement of the newspaper office downtown. Literally nobody ever goes there, and there's no easy way down there without a pass. Also has a showeshittespace. Also has a secret tunnel to the building across the street if I need to bail.
Not bad
Bgro
Now that society has collapsed, I work as a software developer to survive.
In a post-apocalyptic society I dont think we will need software
+3 Cory, +2 Rose, +1 Dylan
-3 Bnavis, -2 Wharble, -1 Iama

Question 10: This question comes from my wife: What should I make for dinner upon the completion of survey results
Everyone gets a ball for leaving some awesome recipes.
Question 11: What is your happiest memory?
Wharble
that's an incredibly personal question that I will not answer because it will make me emotional!
Ok
Pole
that one time i homered in little league
Was it a moon shot?
Iama
watching the 09 world series win with my dad
That was an amazing year
Bnavis
being held by someone who loves me dearly
True
Jiggy
honestly last new years me and gf and a few friends went to a rave and got drunk/did a fuckton of ecstasy and danced our asses off then went to this little hidden rooftop in downtown saskatoon that i stashed a few bottles of tequila and some cigarettes on and danced and smoke and drank up there and yelled at strangers on the street until like 4 then got an uber home, passed out, and then made a fuckpile of waffles and watched horror movies in the basement all new years day it was so fucking fun
Thats fucking awesome
Ruairi
Oh man this is a tough one. There are two that stand out in my mind, but I'm not sure which one to go with. I will tell another story about the cute girl I mentioned earlier in this survey. So this was a few months later (4 or 5). We started dating shortly after that Halloween night for the record. We spent pretty much everyday together since we lived just a floor apart and quickly became best friends. Anyway, it was a few months later and we were in her room. It was a Friday and I didn't have class until 1 on Fridays. We were making out on her bed and at one point she stopped and just looked at me. She started crying and I was confused so I asked her what was wrong. Through a cracked voice she says "I love you." It was the first time anyone had ever told me they loved me in that way and I had been thinking about telling her that I felt the same way leading up to this day but was too scared to. When she said it, I was then able to say it, which surprised her because I wasn't a very open person back then. It's one of the best feelings to have someone you love tell you that they love you back. And even though we aren't together anymore, the memory is still a good one for me, because it reminds me that I can be loved and I can feel love for someone, even in times when those things don't seem possible.
This brought a tear to my eye my dude
Rose
it feels slightly underwhelming to call it my happiest memory because it didn't last in the end but i think the most undeniably happy thing i can think of is entering my first real romantic relationship as a teenager. a lot of that time of my life i was fighting with depression and a genuine and significant romantic relationship was a realization that i could be deserving of love from other people and that i could connect and relate to another person in ways i was afraid i wasn't capable of.
This fucking hit me hard because I've been there
Cory
Camping with my brother and parents. Usually our trips involve some amount of shouting and fighting, even the really good ones. But this trip, we just spent three wonderful days in the wilderness, enjoying nature, eating good campfire foods, laughing and playing board games. Some catchphrases were spawned while playing those games that my family still quotes to this day.
That's awesome, I'd give anything to have that kind of time with my family again
Dylan
I went to a concert with a friend of mine that had just left the company we had worked for. She was in a relationship but she asked me to go with her because she had an extra ticket. It was a great time, really fun, great vibes. Didn't realize at the time that would be the person I'd be living with about 3-4 years later. Don't know if it's my happiest memory but it makes me really happy, know what I mean?
Thats awesome dude
Bgro
Either various moments on my solo bike trip across the country where I just felt total tranquility and satisfaction near the end of my trip OR this one time when my first nephew was like one and I was his favorite person and I took him out for a walk. He was distracted and I walked a little ahead of him and when he turned and noticed me a little further away, we made eye contact, he grinned a wide smile and then ran to me arms wide open for a hug. Kids do that kind of stuff all the time to people they know and trust but I've never felt such pure unadulterated love as I have from that kid in that moment. There is no artifice or conditionality in that sort of love. It felt good to be the cause of that someone else's sheer joy and seeing his face light up when he saw me, thats a memory that always brings me happiness.
:blobheart:
No one loses a ball for this round
+3 Rose, +2 Bgro, +1 Ruairi

Ok lets tally up the results......
TIED FOR FIRST WITH 16 BALLS: ROSE AND RUAIRI
SECOND WITH 9 BALLS: CORY
TIED FOR 3RD WITH 8 BALLS: BGRO AND JIGGY
4TH: IAMA 0 BALLS
5TH: DYALAN -1 BALLS
6TH: POLE AND WHARBLE -3 BALLS
AND YOUR BIGGEST LOSER IN DEAD LAST WITH -11 BALLS BNAVIS!!!
Lottery will be done and posted with out first round. Thank you for your time you wonderful people
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2020.09.17 18:58 phillygoat [NM] Longines Master Collection Automatic Chronograph - 100 spots at $12/ea with no spot limit.


Item Name: Longines Master Collection Automatic Chronograph L2.693.4.51.6
Price: $1200
# of Spots: 100
Previous raffle: $1400, September 7th, 2020
Price Justification: Feb 11, 2016 - $1200 on leather
Price Justification: September 10, 2014 - $1450
Price Justification: No more recent sold comps that I can find. Other comps from previous raffle were all unsold.
Call spots? Y
Spot limit per person? 0
Location/Country: USA
Will ship international? USA
Timestamp/pics: Pics: https://imgur.com/a/PqC73ez and video: https://youtu.be/vXW2vAjnVOo
Escrow: Y - u/phillygoat for u/mooseypie
Description: Since winning this, I took it out for the photos and to try it on....It's too big for me to enjoy unfortunately. Due to the quick reraffle, I've discounted by $200 from previous raffle. Here’s the previous description: For raffle today is a Longines Master Collection L2.693.4.78.3 Automatic Chronograph. This is the rarer black waffle dial variant featuring roman numeral indices. There are some small wear and tear scratches throughout, but nothing eye catching at first glance. The watch measures at 44mm and is fit to about a 6.75” wrist. This one comes as a full set including the special key used to change the date, hang tag, booklet, 5 extra links and microfiber cloth. Only thing missing is warranty card. I am not the original owner so I am unsure of the service history, but the watch is keeping good time and the chrono works as expected. This is a stunning piece that would be great in any collection.

PayPal Info: https://paypal.me/phillygoat

Tip BoyAndHisBlob
Number of vacant slots: 0
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This slot list is created and updated by The EDC Raffle Tool by BoyAndHisBlob.
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2020.09.17 18:22 SaintRidley Wrestling Observer Rewind ★ Apr. 11, 1988

Going through old issues of the Wrestling Observer Newsletter and posting highlights in my own words, continuing in the footsteps of daprice82. For anyone interested, I highly recommend signing up for the actual site at f4wonline and checking out the full archives.
• PREVIOUS •
1987
FUTURE YEARS ARCHIVE:
The Complete Observer Rewind Archive by daprice82
1-4-1988 1-11-1988 1-18-1988 1-25-1988
2-1-1988 2-8-1988 2-15-1988 2-22-1988
2-29-1988 3-7-1988 3-14-1988 3-21-1988
3-28-1988 4-4-1988 * *
  • Dave has results from the poll he put up before March 27. Out of 532 responses, 504 enjoyed Clash more, with only 20 liking Wrestlemania more, and 8 rating them roughly equally. 489 voted for Clash as having the better card, while 39 picked Wrestlemania’s card, and 4 thought the cards were equal in quality. Only two picked a Wrestlemania match for match of the night, with Ted DiBiase vs. Randy Savage and DiBiase vs. Don Muraco each getting a vote. FlaiSting got 245 votes for match of the night while Midnight Express/Fantastics got 242 votes, and the NWA tag title match got 36 votes.
  • Anyway, it’s a really slow news week. So with the complete lack of anything interesting happening, Dave is gonna hit us with a bunch of semi-organized thoughts and such.
  • Hulk Hogan and Sting are the two guys coming out of Sunday with the most buzz. The level of response Sting has been getting cements him as the #2 babyface in the country, jumping past Savage and the Road Warriors quite quickly. Sting’s a guy who never had a big push before a couple months ago, had never gotten a clean pin on a major star, he’s never even won a singles title in NWA. He’s good for his experience level, but he’s very unpolished, and he’s not a good talker. But the man has some kind of charisma and fans have latched onto it, and Sting/Flair is now the most viewed match in modern NWA history and potentially the most viewed match in U.S. cable tv history. Ric Flair deserves a lot of credit for the match turning out and for giving Sting the rub, but you can’t get over off a rub like that if you don’t have something to you. Unfortunately, they don’t have a lot of options for sustaining his push and keeping his momentum going. He’s worked Flair for four months now, and there’s no other heel he can have a meaningful feud with without cooling off. So Dave worries they’re going to whiff and fail to catch lightning in a bottle with Sting.
  • Wrestlemania’s numbers may be down, but ppv kept it from being a flop financially. Roughly 585,000 homes paid $19.95 to watch Wrestlemania IV, roughly a 6% buyrate (maybe as high as 6.5%), which means a gross of $11.7 million. With closed circuit, live gate, and the site fee Trump paid, the total take is an estimated $16.3 million, with WWF pocketing roughly $7 million. Merch may get them another million. We’ll see the real success or failure when WWF returns in a month, because they’re taking four weeks off. So we’ll have to see if it’s profitable to off-set other losses of income - house show revenue leading to Wrestlemania was down from the same period as last year, and the summer slump is coming.
  • Clash drew an overall 5.8 rating and 12.6 share, being viewed in 2,561,000 homes in an average quarter hour. It’s not quite Royal Rumble ratings, but interestingly the audience grew every quarter hour. You’d never see that in a modern Raw, that’ for sure. FlaiSting topped out at a 7.1 rating/15 share with 3,138,000 homes on average, with the final 15 minutes having just under 3.5 million watching. Quite possibly the most watched slot of wrestling ever on cable tv. No matter how you slice it (ratings services assume a household means 2.2 viewers, based on their averages). Dave figures for wrestling the number may be closer to 3 particularly for ppv, but no matter how you slice it Wrestlemania didn’t have near as many viewers as Clash.
  • Dave thinks there’s a criticism of Wrestlemania that isn’t really just: the card was too long. For what was billed (16-18 matches), it wasn’t too long, and the card only went 3 hours 40 minutes with a 12 minute intermission. Most matches were under 6 minutes, and cutting time would have made them even shorter. The card may not have been good, and it may seem long because of its badness, but any shorter and all the complaints would have been about the lack of wrestling.
  • For Clash, Dave thinks the criticism of there being too many commercials is a bad one. Seeing that quality a show for free? You can live with commercials and let the advertisers foot the bill. And they didn’t break any match up with commercials. Sure, the breaks were longer than usual, but they avoided cutting off the action so it’s all good.
  • For the most just criticisms of both shows, Dave thinks the Wrestlemania crowd and judging for FlaiSting take the cake. The crowd at Wrestlemania was papered with non-fans who didn’t know the characters and stories, and even WWF operates at a level of complexity above the ability to just grab a random off the street and expect them to grasp everything and react appropriately with no background knowledge. As for Clash, they botched the judging completely. Nobody clarified if a judges’ decision could cause a title change. Having one judge be a Penthouse Pet on Ric Flair’s arm the day before on tv strains credulity to the breaking point. They promised a winner and gave a draw. They never made clear that Jason Hervey and Ken Osmond weren’t actually judges and were just sitting at the judges’ table as celebrities. If Flair and Sting had been average or even bad, this judging stuff could have completely ruined the show in Dave’s opinion.
  • Dave thinks the best swerve related to either show happened the week before in Springfield, Illinois. Santana and Martel came out wearing the WWF tag titles for a match scheduled to air after Wrestlemania, which made Dave expect them to keep the belts. Turns out they got into it with Slick and chased him to the back, and the ring attendant brought the belts to the back, then they re-entered without the belts and the cameras didn’t start rolling until the second entrance. Clever work by WWF there.
  • Martel and Santana getting booed at Wrestlemania remains the most puzzling thing about the night for Dave. Even at the closed-circuit sites Dave got reports from, fans there booed them. At first Dave assumed it was because Demolition are kind of Road Warrior knockoffs, but reports Dave got indicate that they got booed a lot too, so Dave has no clue why fans aren’t feeling Strike Force.
  • WWF and NWA each have a candidate for “best case of assuming fans have memory loss” with their shows. WWF gets theirs for the evil twin Hebner angle. A few weeks back it was being hailed as a great angle, but once it became clear the tournament was flopping as an angle, they dropped all mention of it. Never got brought up at Wrestlemania, and Earl Hebner even refereed several matches in the tournament without any mention of his name, Dave Hebner’s name, or any referee even being named. Meanwhile, NWA’s handling of Steve Williams returning gets a mention as well. Not only is he no longer mentioned as UWF champion, they’re acting like the UWF championship has never existed. And we thought McMahon was the worst when it came to ignoring wrestling history. They also forgot his heel turn from before he quit and his feud with Barry Windham, since he and Windham are teaming on the April 17 WTBS Main Event show.
  • WWF still wins the PR game, even if they had less than a third the viewership on Sunday. All news media converge of the weekend in wrestling was about WWF. Even CNN, owned by Ted Turner, gave five minutes coverage to Wrestlemania and ignored the Clash, and several outlets went along with WWF’s claim of having 10 million U.S. viewers. USA today went so far as to claim 50 million. The lesson is obvious - NWA will be ignored in the media unless they start lying, and lying huge, just like WWF. And don’t blame WWF - until the media calls them on it, they’ve got no reason not to lie.
  • So back to USA Today and their claim of 50 million viewers in 38 countries, that’s just not true. 36 of those countries have to be fictitious, because the U.S. was the only country getting Wrestlemania on ppv, Canada was the only other country with closed-circuit, and no other countries had it on free tv. They’ll probably be on free tv in about a year in the Middle East (Dave’s comedian brother toured over there last year and WWF is big there, but they’re about 11 months behind on tapes). For Wrestlemania to have had 50 million viewers would require an average of about 90 people at every home that bought it on ppv.
  • Compared to previous Wrestlemanias, Wrestlemania was pretty bad on all fronts. The card was the worst yet by a large margin. It drew the worst on closed-circuit, only drawing half the numbers of Wrestlemanias 1 and 3. Due to the increased reach of ppv this year, it’s probably similar overall to Wrestlemania 3 in terms of overall money from ppv, but the buyrate was only a little over half the previous buyrates.
  • Most Quickly forgotten major attraction: The Rock and Roll Express.
  • Ric Flair gets spot of the night. At the 43 minute mark, he flipped into the turnbuckle and landed on his feet on the apron before going over to the other corner to come off with a flying body press that Sting reversed for a near fall.
  • Hogan wins the best smartass remark. When asked by a reporter whether him not winning the tournament meant he’d be going to the movies, he said “Yeah, I’m going to see Fatal Attraction.”
  • George Steele getting that green gets a note here for the best ratio of getting paid to doing work. Steele never even got in the ring or laid hands on anyone during the battle royal. Nevertheless, he surely got a handsome check. Get paid, Georgie.
  • Wrestlemania wasn’t supposed to be available on satellite, but was. Dish owners got the show descrambled, just without audio. Honestly, it’s probably an improved experience.
  • Dave poses a question and provides his own analysis: would Crockett and McMahon trade places? Crockett would surely take a $16 million gross for a show that is objectively an artistic failure, no doubt about that. Would McMahon prefer to have a great show that sabotaged his competition, even if he made less money? Very probably.
  • Dave makes a snide remark about what WWF can sell to counter the Four Horsemen vitamins (which he calls a total joke). For $39.95 you’ll get the perfect system you can use to calm “hyperactive children and put them to sleep, and help your own insomnia late at night.” Wrestlemania IV the video tape.
Watch: there's so little this week, so here, watch Wrestling With Wregret's review of Wrestlemania IV
  • Dave gives himself the worst analysis award. His read that Crockett couldn’t hurt WWF and that Wrestlemania would gross $25 million was so wrong it’s laughable, and his only solace is that he didn’t make the most ridiculous projections. That award goes to WWF. What this weekend really proved is that fans pretty much only care about personalities and belts mean nothing.
  • Big props to the Fantastics, because they worked their asses off.
  • Duggan being unable to have a good match with DiBiase is the saddest sight of the two shows for Dave. Especially sad considering the match they had in August that was pretty good, despite Duggn weighing over 300 lbs and blowing out his hamstring and blowing up within two minutes. And that was still a better match.
  • Dave says Randy Savage, Ricky Steamboat, Bam Bam, and the Road Warriors all lost steam on Sunday. Savage is particularly notable, being the first guy to lose steam while winning a world title.
  • For years, Flair has lost a lot while Hogan wins all the time, which would make the average mark think Hogan is better. A mark watching both shows this past Sunday may well come away thinking Flair is a better wrestler.
  • Does this mean the wrestling boom times are over? Well, we’re down from the peak and wrestling is overexposed nationwide. Smaller promotions are not going to survive, and the big ones are drawing smaller crowds. Wrestlemania is probably just a stubbed toe for WWF. It’ll hurt for a short bit, but things will go back to normal soon enough.
  • Finally, Dave looks to the future. Crockett is undoubtedly the big winner on March 27 and they’ve turned momentum around by proving they can present a show right and give quality matches that lead to a show that WWF’s glitz can’t match. They won’t surpass WWF to become number one, but they don’t need to. Their success does not depend on WWF. Their success depends on their audience, and the enthusiasm of their audience has breathed life into them once again. And yet, they’re still making unforced errors. Saturday after the Clash, they have Flair and Sting headlining matches in both Baltimore and Philadelphia, having to rush a match in one city, drive to the other quick, and do it again. It’s a recipe for two bad shows. And as long as they keep doing stuff like that which makes their live shows bad, they’re going to fail to be what they can be and they’ll start to slide again. And they have a lot of potential. Given their ratings for Clash, they may not have as many fans as WWF, but for all WWF’s advantages NWA is far closer to WWF than you’d think they would be. They’re real competition at this stage, and it’s ironic because until Vince decided to pick a fight on Thanksgiving and again in January, they simply were not any kind of competition to WWF. Vince forced Crockett to have to retaliate, and it gave Crockett the motivation to take steps he never would have taken before. Still, we’re back to NWA being the Dusty Rhodes show. Every heel talks about Dusty in their promos and half the faces as well. It’s what hurt them last year, putting all their eggs in Dusty’s basket, and just as they begin having some success, they go right to the poisoned well again. Then again, their most recent main event show was really good, so maybe they are on the right track.
  • Nobody in Hollywood knows anything about any Hulk Hogan movie. So that whole biopic that we’ve been talking about for months? Yeah, that doesn’t seem to be a thing and won’t be for over 30 years when they cast Hulk Hogan properly: as a beautiful Australian man with the body of a Norse god. Anyway, Hogan’s definitely taking time off, what with his child being born soon. As for any momentum lost, WWF will probably mitigate that issue with clever sound editing to make Wrestlemania look like a success. What matters to WWF is image, not substance. If they can make their fans believe the show was a success, it will cease to be a failure. They’ve got some truly magical powers there, but there are problems they need to overcome. And the biggest is that nobody except Hogan is truly over. They spent months building angles that flopped (such as Heenan vs. Matilda) and nothing they’re hyping next has any kind of box office potential. Do you think after what we got at Wrestlemania people are going to want to see Rude vs. Roberts? JYD vs. Ron Bass? Duggan vs. Andre? Savage vs. DiBiase won’t mean anything.
  • In closing, Dave says the moral of the story is that WWF made good short-term moves that came back to bite them big. They destroyed Crockett on Thanksgiving, costing Crockett over $2 million of their potential for Starrcade and keeping them off ppv in a big way. On January 24, they ran a free show against the Bunkhouse Stampede to sabotage the show. Crockett’s retaliation in March, however, showed they have a cable audience nearly as large as WWF’s and they cost Wrestlemania several million dollars in lost revenue. It may be a lucky day for them. Maybe it’s a turning point for wrestling as a whole that we’ll be talking about years from now. But the main takeaway is Vince has nobody to blame but himself. Live by the sword, die by the sword, what goes around comes around.
  • As we all know, WWF ran an ad during Clash of the Champions. Apparently they bought five ad slots under a fake company name. Four of them were caught, but one made it to air.
  • Wrestlemania V is scheduled for March 19, 1989. That's all Dave knows.
  • Financial News Network has begun airing weekly main events from Memphis on Saturday nights. The April 2 show had Eddie Gilbert and Jerry Lawler from March 28, while next week will be Curt Hennig vs. Jerry Lawler in a stretcher match. NWF is scheduled to do a tv taping later this month for FNN which will debut in that timeslot, but for now Memphis will continue airing.
Watch: Eddie Gilbert vs. Jerry Lawler, parking lot brawl
  • This past Sunday NWA debuted their NWA Main Event show and it was good. The show was taped on March 31 and had a super invested crowd and it showed on tv. It really helps matches to have a crowd that’s going crazy for every spot (looking at you, Corpus Christi). Some production issues aside, it’s becoming a lot of fun to watch the NWA. Road Warriors squashed Super Destroyer and Larry Zbyzkso, Dusty beat Ivan Koloff for the U.S. title in a surprisingly good 6 minute match, and FlaiBlanchard/Anderson beat LugeWindham/Sting in an excellent match.
  • [AJW] Chigusa Nagayo and AJW toured Thailand two weeks back and drew big during their visit. Crowds ranged from 8,000-11,000 and the Bangkok newspaper called them “The new craze of Thailand.” Not everybody’s quite so impressed, though, Dave notes. One Thai reporter wrote this: “I didn’t know that women’s wrestlin[g] was drawing so much attention in Thailand. The visit of the Japanese wrestlers has created tremendous interest and according to promoter Sombhop Srisomwongse, a record crowd is expected tonight at the National Stadium. How surprising it is that a few women with about two months of training and especially big framework, a few flying kicks and some TV exposure could be a draw here when traditional Olympic sports like Greco-Roman and freestyle wrestling failed to find a foothold.”
  • [All Japan] When Brody won the International Title from Jumbo Tsuruta on March 27, he went into the crowd and started hugging the fans. It got him over huge as a babyface. Brody’s one of the smartest guys in the business, seriously.
  • During an All Japan press conference with Tiger Jeet Singh and Abdullah the Butcher, Singh went nuts and started attacking reporters (?). I think it’s reporters. Dave wrote “reports” but the context of a melee makes me think reporters. Anyway, Butcher did stuff too once things got out of hand and wound up throwing a glass, which hit the head of a Gong Magazine reporter hard enough that he bled and needed two stitches.
  • The Malenko brothers met Mike Tyson when they were in Japan. Tyson’s “all the rage” over in Japan, and he thought they were the British Bulldogs. The Malenkos went along with it and pretended to be the Bulldogs until he asked if he could pet Matilda.
  • WCCW’s financial issues have caused significant cutbacks to tv tapings. They’re running shows in Fort Worth every third week now, a cutback from every other week and a far cry from the weekly shows they used to run dating all the way back to the 40s, and these shows are four hour tv tapings. The regular tv show is also taping only every three weeks.
  • WCCW may move the May 8 Parade of Champions show to the Cotton Bowl from Texas Stadium. Nothing certain yet, but there’s talk of some kind of triple cage gimmick.
  • The Penthouse Von Erich story has been dropped from the July issue. No reschedule has been announced.
  • Fabulous Lance still hasn’t shown up in WCCW because he extended his South Africa tour, where he’s a babyface. He’s even using the Von Erich name down there. There’s legit heat between him and Kevin and Kerry due to all the stuff that went down when he left and Fritz’s burial of him, and Dave just wonders how bad a Lance vs. Kevin match would be in the best of circumstances, never mind if they can’t stand each other enough to cooperate.
  • Not much details about the March 28 Memphis card, but Lawler threw fire in Eddie Gilbert’s face. The Bruise Brothers (Harris brothers) won the Southern Tag titles from Gary Young and Max Pain. The crowd had 5,500.
  • Memphis dropped ticket prices for students to $1 for the April 4 show to ensure good turnout for Jerry Lawler vs. Curt Hennig in a non-title stretcher match. Eddie Gilbert is also putting up a $25,000 bounty for anyone who can break Lawler's leg. Gilbert’s gone from the territory, but he’s supposedly going to keep sending promo tapes in to keep the bounty thing going as part of a working arrangement between Memphis, Continental, Jerry Blackwell’s Georgia promotion, and the Florida promotion Steve Keirn and Jerry Jarrett are talking about starting. Also, Missy Hyatt will be managing Hennig in the Lawler match.
  • WWF has announced a bunch of post-Wrestlemania shows with Savage/DiBiase headlining through the end of May, at the very least. No sign of Hogan anywhere through that period.
  • All of the letters are reactions to Sunday’s shows. Some choice quotes presented without other context:
“If someone had spent millions of dollars on an anti-wrestling propaganda piece, he couldn’t have approached the job that Vince did on himself this weekend.”
“Crockett smashes. Titan crashes.”
“$17 for pay-per-view and $20 for pizzas, pretzels and chips. And what did I get for it? Nothing. Wrestlemania was a bore, plain and simple.”
“Vince has sucked me into my last PPV. Never again.”
”The Crockett wrestlers put on one hell of a show. It was better than Titan’s They had to. They’re number two. But the booking still left a lot to be desired.”
”Titan usually learns from its mistakes.”
”I thought Wrestlemania IV was better because of superior atmosphere and the fact that the guys all tried to work hard.”
”Vince went for flash and name dropping. Crockett went for good wrestling. Crockett succeeded.”
  • Ron Simmons may be headed to New Japan in May.
  • Verne Gagne has started showing lots of pre-1984 tape of WWF main guys like Hogan, Ventura, etc. Why? To build his tv ratings by showing that he used to have the guys who get the ratings now. It’s a clear sign he’s pretty much giving up on house shows and is looking to keep alive through small sold shows enough to keep producing tapes for ESPN. The death of the AWA is a slow, pathetic thing that already feels really drawn out, and there’s still years left.
  • [NWA] The Dusty Rhodes suspension has been delayed and won’t be announced until this weekend’s television, and will go into effect April 16. The reason is to allow him to wrestle April 15 in Boston Gardens. They’ve already got Midnight Rider appearances booked for some shows, though.
  • Nikita Koloff will face Ric Flair on night two of the Crockett Cup. Sting would make the most sense, given how hot he is. Luger or Steve Williams would be hot, since they’ve never had the opportunity. Even Windham would at least guarantee a fantastic match. But Dusty’s giving the match to Koloff. Whatever reasons he has, they have little to do with making sense.
  • Magnum T.A. is being sued by Charlotte Memorial Hospital and Charlotte Rehabilitation Hospital for $56,692 in back medical care. His medical expenses have gone over $100,000, and his insurance coverage only covers $25,000. Related, a Toronto spinal cord expert has proposed an operation which he claims will give Magnum full use of his bad limbs and even a slim chance of returning to the ring.
  • Syndicated ratings for the week ending March 13 have WWF in 4th place with a 10.7 on 248 stations. Crockett ranks 6th with a 7.8 on 178 stations, and All-Star Wrestling (AWA, GLOW, etc.) ranks 9th with a 7.2 on 174 stations.
  • There’s a planned wrestling movie with Roddy Piper for a Christmas release. Nothing comes of this. But it’s nice that Piper has so many movie role ideas being thrown at him.
  • [All Japan] The thing with Tenryu and Hansen has made Stan Hansen’s popularity surge in Japan. They worked the shoot all the way to Tenryu’s hotel room, with Tenryu leaving the arena early and Hansen looking for him in the dressing room and later going to Tenryu’s hotel to try and find him, but Tenryu wouldn’t leave the room. Fans in Japan now believe Tenryu, the hottest wrestler in the country, is afraid of Hansen, which puts Hansen in that upper echelon of guys who come off as “real” like Brody and Akira Maeda.
  • Jim Shyman’s 976 wrestling hotline in L.A. was rated top 976 number in an L.A. publication. It’s the first time Dave’s seen anything pro wrestling top any chart in any category.
NEXT WEEK: Akira Maeda announces new UWF, another shoot in New Japan, WWF reveals internal Wrestlemania projections, and more
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2020.09.17 13:02 closeprotections Close Protection London Close Protection Services London

Close protection – is a concept that has been known for ages – it has been with us since early days of humankind and now its condition is more than satisfactory. Since time immemorial, people have tried to protect their wealth, assets, as well as their own health, life, and welfare. By means of the transfer of gathered goods, wealthy individuals have been paying other parties to protect them, their families, and possessions from others. As a general rule, young, notably strong, and grim-looking individuals have been considered perfectly suitable for such a job. The idea behind such a choice has been to scare away a potential adversary by taking advantage of the very looks of the guard. The aforementioned state of affairs has been observed for the consecutive ages. Wealthy landowners and kings created their own trusted guards (in ancient times and during the medieval age, those were troops designated to protect the authorities; later on, they were transformed into elite soldiers). Aside from serving representative and managerial purposes, such individuals were required to take care of their master and his beloved ones. In the 11th century England, during the Battle of Hastings, King Harold assembled a group of troops to protect his life and widely understood health condition. One may consider them to be the ancestors of modern bodyguards. As both civilization and society progressed, there were an increasing number of various organizations and people. Therefore, the risk of attack was significantly higher. Numerous authorities attempted to discourage potential aggressors from committing a crime by introducing severe forms of punishment. It must be noted, however, that there was still the question if it was enough to protect high authorities and the wealthy from the effects of outside attacks. The protection-oriented market has been developing to be – at some point – dominated by professional soldiers. The said progression has made it possible for police officers to investigate and deal with common, less dangerous crimes only. Together with technical revolution and the increasing social awareness, the number of citizens not satisfied with the current order skyrockets. It is likely to cause radical groups aiming at the change of the existing ruling paradigm to occur. This in turn may lead to anarchy and the increase in people willing to put their antisocial theories and plans into effect. The latter may start from sabotaging the work of others and demolishing valuable devices, but it may also end up in killings. If such a thing happens, one may openly talk about terrorism. The unusual social situation boosts the demand for personal protection. Both the army and police focus on securing the wellbeing of those of high position in the country. The rest of the threatened society must protect itself. The demand identified above has given rise to a new profession – a security guard. In the past, it was performed in a more or less organized fashion and that is why the effectiveness of arising task achievement varied. The attempt on Tsar’s Alexander the Second life on 1st March 1881 is a perfect exemplification of the formulated thesis. The ruler in question was attacked by the members of Narodnaya Volya at 2:15 P.M. A bomb was thrown under the carriage, but its explosion did not harm either the tsar or the horses. Alexander the Second, together with his companion including secret police representatives, started to assess damages. It was a mistake. At 2:20 P.M, yet another bomb was detonated. Its accuracy was notably higher as it managed to severely injure the tsar. He died relatively quickly, even with professional care he was under. At this point, it must be indicated that the demand for close protection increases. However, the perception of it is in a significant number of cases rather faulty, leading to pitiful outcomes. As it was hundreds of years earlier, modern people tend to hire grim musclemen to protect them, disregarding the fact that their intellectual level and possessed knowledge are negligible. Formerly, a test had to be passed in order for a person to be considered a bodyguard. Unfortunately, it does not hold true anymore. On numerous occasions, we can observe security guards stylized to look like stats of action movies, with the lack of intelligence written all over their faces. To give them justice, such people may also perform exceptionally well – up to the time they encounter a real attack. Unprofessional guards may be employed to protect rock stars or boxers. Real bodyguards of today are, however, highly skilled and motivated. They are trained to prevent rather than to counteract, as it may be too late in the latter case. Such people are capable of estimating potential risk and juxtaposing it with the resources at their disposal that may minimize it. Modern security guards are physically active, as well as skilled in giving first aid and driving a car defensively. They can fight without using any weapon – especially by taking advantage of psychology and persuasion. Such people are proficient in at least two languages and are characterized by an above-average intelligence level. The described model of a security guard is perfectly suited to current conditions and the needs of individuals hiring them.

VIP close protection over the world – organizations specializing in personal protection. One of the most famous and at the same time – the oldest organized bodies dealing with close protection was created in the 19th century. It was the American United States Secret Service. The USSS was created in 1865 as the US Treasury Law Enforcement Agency. Secret Service is the oldest national agency focusing entirely on investigations. Initially, their only task was to protect the economic structure of the country by means of preventing governmental cheques and bonds from being counterfeited. The mission was followed up to 1901, when president William McKinley was attacked in Buffalo (NY state). The assault resulted in appointing the Secret Service by the US Congress to protect the newly elected president, Theodore Roosevelt. In 1906, the Congress finally adopted the act on the responsibility of the Secret Service for the safety of the White House. Since 1950, the protection has been extended from presidents and first ladies only to vice-presidents as well. Before the murder of John F. Kennedy in 1963 and senator Robert F. Kennedy in 1968, the Secret Service had been a relatively small organization, employing as many as 284 agents. The discussed events translated directly into its rapid development. Currently, it is stated that over 5000 employees work for the Secret Service. Separate branches of the organization are located all over the United States, in Puerto Rico, and in other places all over the world (Paris, Lyon, London, Bonn, Rome, Milano, Hong Kong, Montreal, Lefkosa, Bogota, and Manila). The representatives of the organization are both secret agents (serving protection and investigation-related roles), as well as uniformed units responsible for the safety of the White House and diplomatic outposts. They maintain law and order by means of the network of both foot and motorized patrols, as well as of fixed posts. Such people also support other branches of the Secret Service. A wide scope of professional is also employed therein – those are electronics, engineers, communication experts, protection-related professionals, and IT workers. The Secret Service protects the president with his family, vice-president, elected vice-president, candidates for the said posts (from the 120th day before the elections onwards), former president, his children up to 16, as well as heads of other states staying in the USA in order to realize international missions. The unit of the Secret Service liable for taking care about the safety of the president in the White House fulfills its duties in identical uniforms. Due to the said fact, the Secret Service is sometimes referred to as the Uniformed Division. Its tasks also include the protection of president’s mansions, diplomatic outposts in Washington, and places alike located within the borders of the USA.

Another known formation is the Swiss Guard (Latin: Cohors Helvetica) which was for the very first time gathered on 22nd January 1506 by the then pope – Julius II. Its major aim was to protect the spiritual successor of Saint Peter and his palace. The pope wanted to grant himself protection from the enemies and avoid a political murder. In 1512, the Guard secured Vatican against French soldiers. The Defendants of the Church, as the representatives of the discussed formation were also called, had to face the biggest trail while taking care of pope Clemens VII during the invasion of Roman emperor, Charles V. The boldness, discipline, and resourcefulness of the representatives of the Guard made it possible to save the life of the pope, even though about 600 bold men died in the process. To commemorate the event, a solemn vow of the newly appointed guards takes place every year on 6th May. Each of the Swiss guards-to-be holds a banner in his left hand and raises his right hand with the thumb and two other fingers in an upright position (it is the symbol of the Holy Trinity). Then, the new soldiers promise to protect the pope and – to die in his defense if necessary. The representatives of the Swiss Guard are chosen from men between the age of 19 and 25 living in one of Swiss cantons (basing on contracts with Zurich and Lucerne). Each of them has to be at least 174 cm (5 feet and a half inch) tall and be an unmarried practicing Catholic (according to a special letter issued by the local bishop). Candidates for the service are properly trained, including teaching them how to use firearms, side arms, as well as how to defend themselves and establish proper contacts with other people. One of the items of the list is the proper usage of halberd. Currently, the number of soldiers in the Guard is estimated to circulate around 120, including officers, junior, and senior soldiers. They serve in the formation from two to twenty-five years. It must be also indicated at this point that officers and senior sergeants may be granted by the pope the right to enter into a holy matrimony. Aside from their characteristic outfit, soldiers are additionally equipped with halberds and Renaissance swords – those are the symbols of formation’s tradition. Nowadays, they are also fitted with firearms, tear gas, and excellent communication-oriented devices. With its almost five hundred years of heritage, the Swiss Guard is one of the oldest active defense-oriented groups in the world. One may assume that it will last until Switzerland and the Catholic Church exist.

Yet another example of a close protection-focused formation is the Cedrug Order, the major task of which is to take care about the ruler of Tibet – Dalai Lama. It comprises of national spiritual authorities who organized themselves in a form of an order. Thanks to strict upbringing, their physical strength is much higher than the one of secular officials. Therefore, the former are the most trusted soldiers caring about the safety of the leader of the nation. Cedurg School is located in the left wing of Potala – the palace of Dalai Lama, which is in turn situated in the Holy City of Lhasa (eastern Tibet, Kyitsu river valley). Every Tibet citizen is allowed to enroll to the school, but only chosen ones are granted the privilege to join the Order. For several hundred years, there have been a limited number of monks allowed, namely – 175. Only selected candidates have been worthy enough to defend the powerful Dalai Lama. Those are especially bold, tall, and muscular men. The representatives of the Order earned their name in 1959, when they protected the king of Tibet against Chinese adversaries.

One of the biggest organizations in the world established to consociate and train bodyguards is the International Bodyguard Association (IBA). The IBA was established in 1957 in Paris by major Lucien Victor Ott. Major Ott had been closely connected to the French Foreign Legion in Algeria since his early childhood. He had been born and raised in the said country. In 1947, he joined the French Special Forces and took part in France-Indochina war. Furthermore, he was the participant of the battle of Dien-Bien Phu that ended with the defeat of the French forces. He was being injured and captured by Vietminh. After a bold escape, he decided to join forces with the French Military Intelligence (Deuxieme Bureau). Major Lucien Ott got famous due to, inter alia, perfect securing of president Charles de Gaulle against the OAS terrorist organization. Thanks to him, 30 prepared attacks were foiled, 11 of which were aimed directly at the head of the state. After the death of the creator of a modern bodyguard profile, major Ott, one of his students – James G. Shortt took care of the management of the IBA. As a young man, he had joined a cadet school. Later on, he had become landing operation troops officer and a member of the elite SAS (Special Air Service) unit. Moreover, during his service, he also taught soldiers in Afghanistan the art of Mujahedeen war. Currently, he teaches security guards, police officers, and soldiers all over the world in the IBA branches. The main aim of the organization is to properly prepare bodyguards-to-be to properly perform their duties. It is not an entity employing such individuals, but those who have presented exceptional skills may become members of royal, diplomatic, or personal guards recommended by the IBA. Coaches being the representatives of the organization trained bodyguards in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, as well as helped during the Baltic Crisis between 1989 and 1991. The qualifications of the International Bodyguard Association are exceptional, international, and backed by the documentation concerning the organization of training sessions for the military, governmental authorities, police, and private bodyguards all over the world. Such undertakings have been continuously performed since 1957. The IBA also operates and trains willing individuals in Poland. Its branch was established in the said country in 1992. The basic training offered to candidates includes 60 hours of comprehensive preparation divided into six consecutive days. After its completion, the candidates are required to undergo the so-called refresher once a year. It is one of the conditions of the membership in the IBA.

Another training organization worth mentioning is the ESI - Executive Security International. It must be highlighted that it is one of the biggest and most appreciated American companies oriented towards training personal protection guards. Its second name is as follows: Bodyguard Training Academy for Executive, Dignitary and Celebrity Protection. The ESI was formed at the beginning of the 80s by Bob Duggan – martial arts expert and master in Hwarang Do. Its creation had been preceded by the establishment of the very first bodyguard training program by the Martial Arts Academy in Aspen, Colorado. The ESI, being one of the USA’s private schools, offers its students over 2000 hours of education with regard to protection, investigation, data gathering, company and individual security, etc. The training unit of the organization is situated high up in the mountains and is run by skilled professionals. Fun fact – film writer, Tracy Keenan Wynn, cooperates with the ESI. His preeminent task has been to create scenarios of situational exercises. While writing them, the said individual takes advantage of real life situations and attacks, such as assaults on Aldo Moro, John Paul the Second, kidnapping of Hans Martin Schleyer by the RAF (Red Army Faction), and scenarios alike. The ESI collaborates with corporations operating in the close protection branch of industry, as well as with the police and military. The organized training sessions are top secret. No journalists are allowed to enter the Aspen unit. Due to the fact that the ESI is a private school, it may provide professional training to civil, police-related, and military institutions all over the world.

The citizens of Israel have never had the chance to feel safe in their country. The issue of safety has been always treated seriously there. Aside from a constant Israel-Arab world conflict threat, the Israelis have been the subjects of terrorist attracts, both within the borders of their country and outside it. Jews and Americans are most frequent victims of operations organized by highly skilled terrorist groups. Taking into account the impact the Russian mafia has on Israel, the amount of care put on widely understood safety is fully justified. The Israeli Special Forces protect their citizens by means of intelligence and security-oriented undertakings. They host training sessions in various organizations preparing bodyguards, providing the adepts with the experience gained during the service. Most famous units of the said kind in Israel are undoubtedly the ISA - International Security Academy and the ISS - International Security School.

ISA is an international organization established and managed by former leaders, police instructors, and special service members. The very first unit of the ISA was formed in Latvia as a training and advising agency for both governmental and private security guards belonging to the Baltic States and the countries of the former USSR. The fact that the ISA is not exclusively Israeli in character is proved by the figure of the organization chairman, major Urlich Wegener – the creator and very first leader of German Border Control Service called GSG 9. The team of instructors and coaches also has international roots. The credo of the organization is that the preparation of the individuals for the proper protection of others is the key. Such people have to be offered highest quality training, extensive knowledge, and practical background. The ISS training programs are based predominantly on the experiences gained in Israel and in other countries, as well as while training people for the purpose of protecting VIPs over the world. Individuals, governmental authorities, and large-size corporations have been taking advantage of the services provided by the ISA/ISS.

At the moment, civil bodyguards are also involved in close protection. The safety of the individuals hiring them, as well as their possessions depends highly on the qualifications of the former. Quite frequently, those are former policemen, soldiers, or special force members. However, a number of inexperienced adepts would like to start their adventure with personal protection as well. Are they bound to fail in their attempts? It is not always so. The most crucial component affecting the effectiveness of the training is one’s psychological preparation. It is a commonly known fact that it is exceptional in former police officers and troops. However, it is a common belief that one can be trained how to perform the job of a bodyguard, just as it is possible to teach a person how to shoot or be properly engaged in melee combat. It all depends on one’s motivation and willingness to achieve success in the industry. Regulations to date limit the training process of a security guard to the moment of being awarded with a license. In order to perform his tasks properly, such a person has to constantly improve his skills and qualifications.

Phenomena connected with the need of utilization of close protection techniques – Terrorism/Terrorist. It goes without saying that terrorism is one of the biggest threats of today’s world. While analyzing the severity of attacks and their scale, one should not doubt that VIPs should be at all possible occasions protected against the aforementioned forms of assault. In order to assess the threat a given problem pose, its specificity must be identified at first. The notion of „terrorism” was for the first time in history used during the Conference of the International Criminal Law Association in Brussels, in 1930. To date, there have been approximately 200 various definitions of the phenomenon in question. While trying to grasp its characteristic features, one will face a number of limitations and difficulties. One of statements of historian Walter Laqueur has to be touched upon here. While asked why he has been avoiding formulating an unequivocal definition of terrorism, he replied: „For 50 or so years, people are constantly trying to understand the idea behind terrorism. It is a phenomenon having different forms, depending on its place of origin and epoch. How can one find common ground between Russian revolutionists from the end of the 19th century and Al-Qaida anarchists?

Terrorism is mainly based on the utilization of force or threat in order to achieve political or ideological goals. It is hard to say something beyond that. Terrorism is like pornography – it escapes logical classification, but if one sees it – then it becomes apparent.” It is hard to argue with the statement, as it perfectly shows the complexity of the phenomenon in question. For the purpose of this publication, a strict definition of terrorism is not needed. All that is required is the utterance formulated by Walter Laqueur stating that terrorism can be most fully perceived through its manifestations. Terrorist acts are undoubtedly illegal, as they are based on kidnapping people and forcedly taking control over means of communication, economic sabotage, attacks, robberies, demanding ransom to finance organization’s own activity, posing threat to life, health, and freedom of authorities, and kidnapping people from outside the area in order to gain publicity (especially journalists, priests, voluntary workers). One may also indicate the usage of explosives and firearms in public areas and poisoning certain spots by means of radioactive materials and chemicals. Longin Tadeusz Szmidt additionally pointed out that terrorism has always been strictly connected with crafty and hard to identify methods of killing the leaders of nations. While describing the phenomenon of terrorism as a threat for the protected person, one should also point out and indicate its sources. The following are enumerated: - social and economic sources that are directly connected to economic crises, social tensions, social and national discrimination, as well as with the perception of dissonance between the factual reality and the one presented by the media; - historical and political sources. They have their beginning in severe social reactions, demanding full democratization and respecting human rights; - sociological sources that may be related to the atmosphere typical for a given country or the so-called spirit of violence; - psychological sources stating that a significant part of terrorists is highly mentally unstable which is additionally combined with the overly high self-esteem. When it comes to the area of attack, the following are proposed by the experts: - land terrorism (the major threat area for VIPs and the key one for security guards), - air terrorism (personal protection is then entrusted to the authorities managing planes, airports, etc.), and – maritime terrorism (tasks and responsibilities are then similar to air attacks). While taking into account the type of terroristic activities, one may distinguish: bombing-based, nuclear, biological, chemical, technical, cybernetic (attacks on IT networks), and narcotic-oriented (narcotic cartels undertakings) terrorism. The highest threat for VIPs is undoubtedly the first type, namely – bombing-based one. Close protection-oriented undertakings should therefore incorporate the knowledge on paradigms effective during a bomb attack. They will be discussed in further sections of this publication. It is exceptionally difficult to argue with the thesis that we must be protected against terrorism. The same applies to VIPs. The importance of the latter is also worth discussing, as the threat is much higher when a top authority is attacked than when the assault poses threat to a pop star or a wealthy businessman. However, it does not limit the necessity to analyze and counteract terroristic attack threat. It may directly impact the safety of the person a given security guard is responsible for.

Crime is also one of the issues that may endanger protected VIPs. Up to the beginning of the 80s, Poland had been considered to be one of the safest countries in Europe. Law enforcement bodies had been numerous and properly financed there, and crime forecasting, prevention, and penalizing schemes had met all the European standards. However, at the end of the discussed period, the myth of threat-free Poland started to crumble. The effects of crime fighting scene were becoming gradually more negligible. The said state of affairs was predominantly caused by the decreasing trust in law enforcing organizations, as well as by the rapid increase in crimes committed by the citizens. Another important aspect that must be taken into account were economic and political changes taking place in 1989,the liberalization of economic activity, and the emergence of free market. Some individuals possessed unimaginable riches, whereas others were exceptionally poor. In order to survive till the next day, the latter searched for the answer in crimes, leading to the occurrence of the phenomenon commonly known as organized crime. According to official data from 2001, within the borders of Poland, there were over 400 organized crime groups consociating approximately 45 thousand people. They were generating profits by means of goods smuggling, selling stolen cars, producing and marketing narcotics, counterfeiting national currency, commuting bank frauds, selling firearms, and – what is of exceptional importance from the point of view of VIPs – demanding ransom. Criminals induce fear in the society, especially due to using terror and blackmailing. They do not hesitate to kidnap others or kill them. Such individuals resort to brutal treatment, such as beating, torturing, drowning, etc. All those factors combined directly translate into wealthy representatives of the society feeling threatened. What is more, criminals frequently tend to attack the family of a VIP as well, in order to convince him to perform a given action. Therefore, children, wife, and beloved ones of such an individual must be highly protected.

Popularity/Fame –The threat of attack may be in some cases linked to the popularity of a given human being. When a VIP is in isolation, then he may only receive unwanted phone calls or be nagged by photographers. The problem arises when he has to leave his place of permanent residence or workplace, as well as when he is in a publically accessible place. Danger may still be low, but the inquisitiveness of journalist may quickly become overwhelming. Fans or supporters of a given sportsman or artist may cause havoc in order to touch their idol or get hold of any item belonging to him or her. Of course, there is also the risk of serious injuries or even death (let us take John Lennon as an example) – it cannot be neglected. That is why famous and popular individuals should by all means care about their safety. The matter also concerns politicians who are widely recognizable and controversial. In politics, there are no limitations. Opponents may even resort to killing a representative of the other side to impose his or her right on others. Elected politicians tend to have close protection, but care should be additionally exercised to care about those running in elections. Such VIPs may be ridiculed by the crowd or the opposition (by throwing eggs or pouring water over the candidate), leading to the end of their political career. The role of security guards should in the aforementioned cases not be limited to physical protection only. They must also keep information about VIP’s family, realized projects, and operation profile confidential. The image of a famous person highly depends on the bodyguards being in his immediate surroundings. The manner of their operation, professionalism, and knowledge are top priorities there.

Attack on person – By definition, attack on person is the attempt to kill someone, steal his or her possessions, as well as to kidnap him or her. The criminal action in question has a long history, as assaults have been made throughout the consecutive ages. Their goal has been to achieve a political, economic, or cultural aim. Attacks on person may lead to tremendous changes in the society, which is perfectly depicted by the killing of John Kennedy and Icchak Rabin. In the majority of cases, however, such an attack does not have significantly far-reaching consequences. In order to be effective, bodyguards must answer themselves the following questions – why do criminals attack? How do they attack? How may the assault look like? Therefore, it is highly advised to specify the motif, methods utilized, and consecutive stages of one and every attack on person. Taking into account motifs, one must bear in mind that all the assaults have their agenda. No attack is made voluntarily, without forethought. In the following sections, most common causes of the aforementioned activity are going to be enumerated:

Revolutionary or political ones – organized groups (frequently consisting of fanatics) attack others in order to force the society to change the existing system or overthrow the current government (in the attempt to choose a new one). Their victims are often the authorities ruling the country. The attackers, who follow their revolutionary or political agenda, try to win the sympathy of other representatives of the society. Long before the planned attack itself, they distribute leaflets blaming current rulers for the widespread injustice. According to their belief, the elimination of the elites in power would bring positive outcomes for the whole country. Such an action was performed in Armenia in 1999, where members of the government were shot dead during one of their meetings. The terrorists informed that their death would improve the national situation.

Economic – terrorists claim that their potential victim is responsible for the poor economic condition of the country, company, or a group of people. In the majority of cases, economic attacks take place in countries where there are extreme disproportions between the wealthy and the poor. It must be taken into consideration, however that it is not always the case, as the assessment of the attackers tend to be highly subjective. Quite frequently, the cause of the assault is the personal conviction that the unsatisfying economic condition of the terrorist is the result of actions performed by the victim. It pushes the attacker into thinking that killing him would aid the situation.

Personal – In this case, the wrongdoers are motivated to make an attack due to jealousy, vengeance or other personal causes. Those people in many cases have notable personality disorders, manifesting themselves especially in the inability to control their behavior. The aforementioned state also leads to the failure to distinguish reality from fiction. A perfect exemplification of the motif in question is shooting Zuzanna Leśniak and an artist – Andrzej Zaucha by Yves Goulais in 1991. The trigger there was jealousy.

Ideological – The terrorist is convinced that the victim chosen by him has been threatening the values and principles followed by the attacker. The said rules are often of significant importance for both the group he belongs to and for himself personally. Ideological attacks on a person may be religious or social in character. The first case is oriented towards killing a religious person in the attempt to make it impossible for him to achieve his goals. The second scenario relates to the willingness to eliminate the leader of a given social group. Quite frequently, the additional agenda is to make the organization the terrorist is a part of more memorable and popular in the media. Free publicity is an additional benefit then.

Psychological – The most commonplace group of attacks. Modern psychology claims that every person using firearms, stabbing others with a knife, or taking advantage of explosives has been struggling with mental problems. The motif is of negligible importance, as the attacker may justify his actions with revolutionary, economic, or personal goals, but the fact is that the driving force is the inability to perceive the world correctly. The assassination of Bill Clinton in 1994 illustrates the above bluntly. Francisco Martin Duran stated that he had attacked Clinton to destroy the mist connecting him to an alien entity. Apparently, Duran wanted to eliminate the mist in order to save the world. Attacks considered as crimes may be triggered by a myriad of factors. Among them,there are: - clashes between the representatives of a crime organization, willingness to demonstrate one’s power or threat the victim (attempt to force the latter to pay ransom or forget about debts), - desire to kill suspects that may endanger one’s business, - attempt to exert pressure on certain individuals or to threaten them for their professional achievements (relates to, inter alia, attorneys and tax collectors).

Attack methods to be considered by security guards. Close range attack. It may be performed by means of utilization of: - firearms, - melee weapon (knife, bayonet, dagger), - chemical substance (for example: toxic substance, such as hydrochloric acid). There are no exceptional skills needed to successfully attack a person, as almost everybody can use a knife or a dagger to a satisfactory extent. The same goes with firearms, the utilization of which is as difficult as driving a car. The aforementioned types of weapons can be transported to the place of the assault with ease. The characteristic feature of this attack type is the fact that the wrongdoer is situated maximally several centimeters away from the victim. The difficulty here is directly connected with the inability to improvise the act. It must be preceded by a prolonged observation of the subject, learning his or her customs, daily routine, places he or she visits, and the protection type he or she uses. Only after drawing proper conclusions from the examination, can the terrorist attack the victim. Marek Papała, a police commissioner, was killed due to a close range attack in 1998, Warsaw.

Long-range attack – in this case firearms are often used, especially rifles and carbines. It is not an uncommon situation to learn about an attacker who has used a sniper rifle fitted with professional laser and optical aiming devices. The distance between the wrongdoer and the subject of the attack is commonly higher than 5 meters. The former must also be much more skilled than a close range attacker, as he has to be capable of utilizing a professional gun in an effective manner. The death of John Kennedy in Dallas on 22nd November 1963 was the result of the attack form in question. Lee Harvey Oswald, who was a former marine soldier, shot his subject from a storage located several meters away from president’s cavalcade. To perform the act, he used Mannlicher-Carcano, cal. 6.5 mm rifle. The proficiency of the attacker was proven by the fact that he fired three shots and only one of them missed the target.

Attack with explosives – it requires notable skills, for the wrongdoers has to build a bomb before performing the attack. He must also know how and where to plant the explosive, how to situate the fuse inside and where to detonate it. Such a person also has to be familiar with the effects of explosion. Assault on Margaret Thatcher on 12th October 1984 showed how patient and clever can an attacker taking advantage of explosives be. Patrick Magee, a member of Irish Republican Army, moved into the hotel where the British prime minister was expected to stay 24 days before the said fact. Every single day, he worked meticulously destroying the wall and placing a 50-kilogram explosive inside the hole. The bomb was then fitted with a timer. It exploded when Miss Thatcher was considered to wash herself in the bathroom – the attacker was perfectly acquainted with her customs. She would have died if she had not received a document to be read. The explosive was detonated five floors above the bathroom located in the apartment of the „Iron Lady”. Six other people died as a result, but the suspect managed to avoid the clever assassination.

If you are looking to hire close protection in London do not wait and contact us immiedletly for professional bodyguard services in London.
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2020.09.16 02:16 Wickbam Germanic settlement in Britain during the Roman period

It's debated whether the "Saxon Shore" was named because it was intended as a defense against these people or was actually settled by them. What is not debatable is that during their rule over Britain, the Romans settled groups of Germanic peoples on the island throughout the centuries. Some of these were defeated peoples forcibly resettled. Others were pro-Roman loyalists or indeed saw themselves simply as Romans of Germanic origin. I've compiled a brief list of notable personalities and events.
DEO MARTI ET DVABVS ALAISIAGIS ET N AVG GER CIVES TVIHANTI CVNEI FRISIORVM VER SER ALEXANDRIANI VOTVM SOLVERVNT LIBENTES - " "To the god Mars and the two Alaisiagae**, and to the divine power of the Emperor, the Germanic tribesmen of Tuihantis of the formation of Frisians of Vercovicium, Severus Alexanders's own, willingly and deservedly fulfilled their vow.**"
**DEO MARTI THINCSO DVABVS ET ALAISAGIS BEDE ET FIMMILENE ET N AVG GERM CIVES TVIHANTI VSLM - " To the god Mars Thincsus and the two Alaisiagae**, Beda and Fimmilena, and the divine power of the Emperor, Germanic tribesmen from Tuihantis willingly and deservedly fulfilled their vow. "
DEABVS ALAISIAGIS BAVDIHILLIE ET FRIAGABI ET N(umini) AVG(usti) N(umerus) HNAVDIFRIDI V(otum) S(olvit) L(ibens) M(erito) - "To the goddesses the Alaisiagae, Baudihillia and Friagabis, and to the Divinity of the Emperor the unit of Hnaudifridus gladly and deservedly fulfilled its vow."
These inscriptions are very interesting for several reasons. One is the hybridization of Germanic and Roman culture. These soldiers are literate in Latin and praise the emperor. At the same time, they worship Germanic gods. Mars Thincsus is probably TyTiw. These Frisians belonged to a tribe called the "Tuihanti" who were later formed into the Auxiliary Tubantes unit. The Tuihanti, who lived in what is now Twente in the Netherlands, were named after the god Tiw. Their self description as "Germanic" shows their Roman influence, since the Germanic peoples at this time had no notion of a pan-Germanic identity and the word itself is Latin in origin. Note that, Hnaudifridus, or Notfried, was a commanding officer. Interestingly, the emblem of Twente is a White Horse, almost identical to the White Horse of Kent. * 276-282AD: Large numbers of Germanic peoples invaded Western Europe during the crisis of the 3rd century to the extent that the Romans did not attempt to drive them out even after re-establishing military superiority. The Emperor Probus began a policy, followed by all succeeding emperors, of settling defeated or friendly tribes on Roman soil as "dediticii" and "Laeti". Their descendants were obligated to provide cultivate soil and provide recruits to the army. Among the defeated enemy was a Burgundian or Vandalic king named Igullus whom Probus settled in Britain; according to the historian Zosimus, Igullus and his followers subdued multiple insurrections in Britain during the reign of Probus. * 3rd/4th Centuries AD: date of a pottery shard bearing the name "Disete", a genitive or dative Latin form of a German girl's name, indicating that Germanic soldiers brought their families to Britain and that at least some were literate. * 306AD: The Alemmanic King Chrocus proclaims Constantine emperor in Eboracum, now York, backed by Alemannic soldiers in the Roman army. * 350AD: The Roman general Magnentius usurps the imperial throne from Constans, son of Constantine, and has him put to death. Magnentius was born in Gaul to a British Celtic father and Germanic mother. A later emperor, Julian, claimed Magnentius recruited Saxons into his army. * 367AD: The Roman generals Fullofaudes and Nectarides were captured or killed during the great barbarian conspiracy. Fullofaudes was almost certainly of Frankish or Alemannic origin while Nectarides may have been of Germanic origin. Fullofaudes was Dux Britanniarum and Nectarides was Count of what was later called the Saxon Shore. * 372AD: The Emperor Valentinian settles the Alemannic king Fraomar and his supporters in East Anglia. Fraomar had been king of the Alemanni until they exiled him for his pro-Roman policies. * 407-411AD: Constantine III, who was later incorporated into Arthurian legend by Geoffrey of Monmouth, declares himself Emperor and withdraws the remnants of the Roman army from Britain in order to campaign in Gaul. Two of his chief generals were Nebiogastes and Edobichus. Nebiogastes was killed by treachery. Zosimus describes Edobichus as a Frank, but also a native of Britain. Constantine sent Edobichus across the Rhine to the Franks to recruit soldiers. He too was later betrayed and executed by forces loyal to emperor Honorius. * Late 5th/early 6th century AD: Tewdrig ap Teithfallt was supposedly king of Glywsing in modern Wales. His name is a Cumbric approximation of "Theodoric" while his father's name is derived from "Theudebald", both Germanic names.

It is tempting, but perhaps misleading to draw links between these earlier Germanic settlers with the later Anglo-Saxons. For one thing, the Frisians, Franks, and Alemanni were much more culturally Romanized than the Saxons and were distinct cultural groups. Many of them were literate in Latin, reached high positions in the Roman army and likely considered themselves Romans. Through the example of Edobichus, we can see some chose regional over ethnic loyalties. Some, like the ancestors of Tewdrig, seem to have assimilated into the British rather than oncoming Anglo-Saxon populations. However, the link between earlier Roman and later post-Roman settlement of the Frisians is unclear.
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2020.09.11 03:49 wesbrend The Church Is Hiding A Dark Secret Every Single One Of Them And Thinks No One Will Find Out The Real Truth About Them

Part 2
And why is the church lying and is not telling people their ancestors was in slavery here centuries ago because of their disobedience and God gave them over into the hands of the heathen and
their history is written in the bible. And because people do not know what God is telling them they do not have salvation and was never born again in Christ because they was never told the truth and do not know the churches here in this time is deceiving them and they have already cause millions and millions of
people their soul because of lies and they will cause more people their souls if people do not find out what God is telling them for them selves before it is too late and they are not who people think they are and they have another different spirit in them not from God and they are not leading people to salvation they
are condemning people and is leading people souls to hell and people is letting them do it. People do not know what God is telling them and think they can put their trust in the church and think they are leading them to salvation and do not know they are leading them to hell everyone of them and a person without the
truth will perish and because people is annoying what God is telling them they are making things worse. People is doing the same thing here in this time their ancestors did in the bible was serving spirits and witches and warlocks and sorcerer's in that time here centuries ago many of them was burnt alive and was
hanged and people was stone to death in that time centuries ago and was killed with the sword. People in this time is serving spirits and is into occult and call them selves witches and warlocks and sorcerer's and many other names they go by and people in that time in the bible was being use by spirits and was killing
people and making sacrifices to devils and they use spirits to curse people and their enemies and to get wealth and power and because people was not told the truth they do not know what they are there for. And people can see things is getting worse here is because they are neglecting what God is telling them.
And how can people serve God if they do not know what he is telling them. And how can a church lead people to salvation if they want nothing to do with the truth and why is the church making people believe lies
for the truth and is letting people break God's commandments and making them think they are being told the truth and was born again in Christ and they are being set free in deliverance and how can the churches here in our time world wide and state to state and all across the globe have power to set people
free in deliverance if they was never told the truth them selves and was ordained by God and according to the bible a person would have to be born again in Christ and is ordained by God before they can lead his church and how can the churches here in our time and all across the globe world wide think they
are leading people to salvation and they are separated from God them selves and was never told the truth and they was never born again in Christ and how can the blind lead the blind are both will fall into the ditch. And how can a person be born again in Christ if they do not know what God is telling them and
is that why the church have been lying for so long is because no one have not confront those devils and because they want nothing to do with obeying God and what is people in the church for if they want nothing to do with the truth and how can the church think they are leading people lying to them and people
think they was born again in Christ but do not know what God is telling them. People just might as well stop with the foolishness and lies and who do the church think they are kidding and how can people think they are serving God if they do not know they are separated from God and a person can have evil spirits
in them when they are in sin and is separated from God and how can people think they are serving God if they do not know God is talking to them about their ancestors and they was in slavery here centuries ago because many of them wanted nothing to do with obeying God and God gave them over into the
hands of the heathen and how can people think they are serving God if they do not know descendants of this enemy is ruling over them here in this time because of their disobedience and they are the devils off spring and how can people think they are serving God if they do not know what he is telling them
unless the person is trying to say what God is telling them he is not telling the truth and do a person think it makes a difference because they have no truth in them and believing lies for the truth.
People is seeing violence and crimes and hate here in their world is because they have no truth in them selves and they
are choosing the evil and because of sin a person will reap what they sowed. People want to have their ice cream and cake and eat it at the same time but they want nothing to do with the truth and what God is telling them. And how much more long do people think they have before God puts a end to this
foolishness here and how can people think they have salvation if they was never told the truth and how can a person think they are obeying God if they are denying him and a person would have to know what God is telling them first before they can obey him. And like it is said if you play with fire you will get
burn and a person will get what they paid for when they are in sin and sin is a curse. And a person will reap a bad harvest when they are in sin.
Isaiah 9:16-17 For the leaders of this people cause them to err; and they that are led of them are destroyed.
I Timothy 4:1-2 Now the spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith,giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of devils; Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron. St. Matthew 15:14
2 Corinthians 11:15 Therefore it is no great thing if his (satan) ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works
2 Corinthians 11:13-15 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. And no marvel; for satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.
Deceitful Workers And Wolves In Sheep's Clothing Transformed As The Ministers Of Righteousness Speaking Lies In Hypocrisy St.Matthew 7:15-23
Seducing Spirits And Doctrines Of Devils Transformed As The Ministers Of Righteousness Speaking Lies In Hypocrisy Having Their Conscience Seared With A Hot Iron 1 Timothy 4:1-3 Colosians 2:8
Isaiah 66:18 For I know their works and their thoughts.
St.Mark 7:6-13 This people honoreth me with their lips, but their heart is far from me. Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men,for laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men,as the washing of pots and cups and many other such like things ye do.
Romans 10:3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness and going about to establish their own righteousness have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God
Isaiah 66:1-5 Yea, they have chosen their own ways and their soul delighteth in their abominations, I also will choose their delusions and will bring their fears upon them because when I called,none did answer,when I spake,they did not hear: but they did evil before mine eyes and chose that in which I delighted not.
Galatians 3:13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree.
Deuteronomy 27:1-26 and Deuteronomy 28:1-68 and Deuteronomy 28:15 But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the Lord thy God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statues which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and over take thee.
Proverbs 1:1-33 Proverbs 1:24-31 Because I have called, and ye refused; I have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded; But ye have set at nought all my counsel, and would none of my reproof: I also will laugh at your calamity; I will mock when your fear cometh; When your fear cometh as desolation, and your destruction cometh as a
whirlwind; when distress and anguish cometh upon you. Then shall they call upon me, but I will not answer; they shall seek me early, but they shall not find me: For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the Lord: They would none of my counsel: they despised all my reproof. Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices.
Psalms 107:1-43 Psalms 106:1-48 Therefore was the wrath of the Lord kindled against his people, insomuch that he abhorred his own inheritance. And he gave them in the hand of the heathen; and they that hated them ruled over them. Their enemies also oppressed them, and they were brought into subjection under their hand.
The churches here in this time is lying to people about the truth everyone of them and is making people think they was told the truth and was born again in Christ and they have made people think they have power to bind evil spirits and cast them out and
break curses and the person was never told the truth and was born again in Christ to bind evil spirits and cast them out and break curses and speak in tongues. A person who was never told the truth and was born again in Christ does not have power to bind evil spirits and cast them out and break curses and speak in tongues
and heal the sick and raise the dead'' only a true believer in Christ have power to bind evil spirits and cast them out and break curses and speak in tongues and heal the sick and raise the dead. St Mark 16:16-18 and St Luke 10:19 and St Matthew 10:1 -8 and St.Matthew 16:18-19 and 1 Corinthians 12:7-11 and 1 Corinthians
14:1-40 and they have made people think they was heal and was deliver from evil spirits and they are devils working miracles to deceive because the devil does not cast out his own and have power to heal. St Mark 3:24-30 and Revelation 16:13-14 And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon,
and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. For they are the spirits of devils working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.
And they are lying to people about anointing oil and how a person can use anointing oil on them selves and their homes and business and work places and other things. In the bible anointing oil
was use for the church and the priest's office and a person who was anointed by God and to heal the sick. Anointing oil cannot be just made and use on a person to anoint them selves and their homes and business and work places and other things.
Exodus 29:1-9 Then shalt thou take the anointing oil, and pour it upon his head, and anoint him.
Exodus 29:21 and 29:9-46 And thou shalt take of the blood that is upon the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon the garments of his sons with him: and he shall be hallowed, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him.
Exodus 30:22-38 And thou shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound after the art of the apothecary: it shall be a holy anointing oil.
Exodus 30:32- 33 Upon man's flesh shall it not be poured, neither shall ye make any other like it, after the composition of it: it is holy, and it shall be holy unto you. whosoever putteth any of it upon a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people.
James 5:13-14 Is any among you afflicted? let him pray. Is any merry? let him sing psalms. Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord; And the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, they shall be forgiven.
There are women pastor in our communities today leading in the church and doing deliverance and God commands a woman not to usurp authority over man in the church. It is not a woman's duty to teach and do deliverance in the church and speak in tongues in the church, the only time she can speak in tongues in the
church is when the whole congregation speaks in tongues and speaking in tongues is for a sign for the unbeliever.
There are women prophetess in the bible but not women priest's are pastor's and God does not suffer a woman to usurp authority over man in the church and it is not a woman duty to do deliverance and baptism
in the church and cast out evil spirits and break curses and heal the sick and raise the dead and a woman does not have power are authority to do deliverance and baptism and bind evil spirits and break curses and heal the sick and raise the dead. God suffers only a man to do the service of the church not a woman. And there are
no women pastors are priest's found no where in the bible who did deliverance and baptism and bind evil spirits and break curses and heal the sick and raise the dead. And before a man can do the services of God's church he would have to be a believer and is born again in Christ and is ordained and anointed by God before he
can lead God's church and can not be in sin. A person cannot just break their own curses and bind evil spirits and do self deliverance. The church has the power and authority to do deliverance and break curses and bind evil spirits and cast them out.
Hebrews 5:1-14 For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins: Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity. And by reason hereof he ought, as for the people, so also for himself, to offer for sins. And no man taketh this honer unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron.
Titus 1:6-9 Titus 1:1-16 If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children not accused of riot or unruly. For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not self-willed, nor soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre; But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate; Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.
1 Timothy 2:9-15 Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection. But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence. For Adam was first formed, then Eve. And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.
1 Corinthians 14: 34-35 Let your woman keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to be under obedience, as also saith the law. And if they will learn any thing, let them ask their husbands at home: for it is a shame for women to speak in the church.
Corinthians 14:22-35 Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to them that believe not: but prophesying serveth not for them that believe not, but for them which believe. If therefore the whole church be come together into one place, and all speak with tongues, and there come in those that are unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say that ye are mad? But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believeth not, or one unlearned, he is convinced of all, he is judged of all: And thus are the secrets of his heart made manifest; and so falling down on his face he will worship God, and report that God is in you of a truth.
1 Corinthians 14:1-40 For he that speaketh in an unknown tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto God: for no man understandeth him: howbeit in the spirit he speaketh mysteries.
2 Chronicles 34:22-25 And Hilkiah, and they that the king had appointed, went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvath, the son of Hasrah, keeper of the wardrobe; now she dwelt in Jerusalem in the college; and they spake to her to that effect. And she answered them, Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, Tell ye the man that sent you to me, Thus saith the Lord, Behold I will bring evil upon
this place, and upon the inhabitants thereof, even all the curses that are written in the book which they have read before the king of Judah: Because they have forsaken me, and have burned incense unto other gods, that they might provoke me to anger with all the works of their hands; therefore my wrath shall be poured out upon this place, and shall not be quenched. 2 Chronicles 34: 1-33
Exodus 15:20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances, Exodus 15:1-27
And they have made people think what God is telling them in the bible is not true and they have made people believe lies for the truth and many of them is making people think the Sabbath Day is on a Saturday'' and the
Sabbath Day is on a Sunday. Exodus 20:8-11 and Genesis 2:1-3 and Deuteronomy 5:12-14 and Exodus 31:13-18 and St.Luke 13:10-17 and St.Matthew 12:1-9 and St.Mark 3:1-7
And many churches is making people think they do not have to be baptize but they can still make it into heaven. St.John 3:4-7 Nicodemus saith unto him, how can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother's womb, and be born? Jesus answered verily, verily, I say unto thee,except a man be born of
water and of the spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.That which is born of flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the spirit is spirit. Marvel not that I said unto thee, ye must be born again.
St.Matthew 28:18-20 And Jesus came and spake unto them saying all power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.Go ye therefore and teach all nations baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost:Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you and lo I am with you always even unto the end of the world. Amen
Acts 19:1-6 And it came to pass, that, while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passed through the upper coasts came to Ephesus: and finding certain disciples, He said unto them have ye received the Holy ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost.
And he said unto them, Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, Unto John's baptism. Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus. When they heard this, they were baptized
in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied.
And many of them is not telling people the true church in the bible is buildeth unto the name of the Lord and not unto man's name. Neither Is There Salvation In Any Other: For There Is None Other Name Under Heaven Given Among Men Where By We Must Be Saved Acts 4:12 and Colossians 1:18
2 Chronicles 2:1 And Solomon determined to build a house for the name of the Lord
2 Chronicles 2:4 Behold ,I build a house to the name of the Lord my God, to dedicate it to him
2 Chronicles 6:7-10 Notwithstanding thou shalt not build the house;but thy son which shall come forth out of thy loins, he shall build the house for my name. Colossians 3:16 and Hebrews 5:9-14 and 1 Chronicles 22:19
And many of them is making people think the rapture or the pre rapture will take place first before the great tribulation in the future and the date when Christ will return and according to the bible this generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled. But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven but my Father only.
St.Matthew 24:1-51 Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled. Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away. But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven but my Father only.
St.Matthew 7:15-29 Beware of false prophets which come to you in sheep's clothing but inwardly they are ravening wolves.
The rapture is not coming before the great tribulation until all these things be fulfilled and satan will be bound for a thousand years and this prophecy has not come to pass yet but later in the future. Revelation 20:1-3 when he do be bound he will no longer deceive people anymore not until the thousand years are expired
then he will be release and come back to the earth. Christians will still be here on earth. If Christian are suppose to be rapture before the great tribulation then how do you explain in Revelation 20: 7-10 Christians will be here when the devil be release in St.Matthew 24:34 this generation shall not pass until all these things be fulfilled. St.Matthew 24:29-51 and Revelation 20:9
And many churches here in our time celebrates tradition and holidays and Christmas for Christ birthday and there is no scripture found in the bible what day and month and year Christ born on.
Holidays and Tradition Part 1
www.youtube.com/watch?v=1qmBIGuAnmA
This is something that would need to be talked about and out in the open because it is not just the virus people have to worry about and it is time for people to stop pretending what God is telling them is not for real because we have another major problem and concern to worry about here and they are just
as dangerous and a threat to our very existing and being and because people is annoying God and what he is telling them things is getting worse here.
The Church Is Hiding A Dark Secret Every Single One Of Them And Thinks No One Will Find Out The Real Truth About Them
People is in the bible but they do not know what God is telling them and they think because they are here in this world they can do what ever they want and this is
where people is wrong and people is not here in this world to do what ever they want and there is more to the gospel the churches here in this time is not telling people and what really happen here centuries ago when our ancestors was here.
And people can see things is getting worse here is because they are annoying and
neglecting what God is telling them. I find it hard to believe the church think they can neglect and run away from what God is telling them and do not know the consequences and how serious this is and because people is neglecting what God is telling them people is becoming possessed and under demonic powers
here from real entities from the spiritual world and people think they are here in this world to stay and to have a good time and can do what ever they want and do not know what this means and what is happening here because they want nothing to do with the truth and because they do not know what God is telling
them they think they are here in this world just to play and have fun. They know many people in this time is not aware they are here from the spiritual rim is because they do not know what the bible is telling them. And people did not take it seriously and thought they could annoy it because what they thought and
made them selves think and thought they could take advantage of it. A person cannot add and take away from the gospel and say what they think is not for real and it will not do the church any good lying to people and believing lies for the truth.
Descendants Of The Devil And The Remnant Who Made A Covenant With Him Is At War With The Descendants Of Israel God's Chosen People And The Remnant Which Keep The Commandments Of God , And The Testimony Of Jesus Christ''
God Put Enmity Between The Devil Seed And The Woman Seed Because Of Adam And Eve Disobedience And This Has Been A On Going Battle Since The Beginning Of Time.'' Genesis 3:14-16
And They Use The Name Israel For Them Selves To Make People Think They Was God's Chosen Nation. The Name Israel Was Given To God's Chosen People When God Made A Covenant With Jacob.
biblepsalms23.livejournal.com/27079.html
www.flickr.com/groups/vision_and_dreams_and_revelation_pr...
relationshipsscams.blogspot.com/2020/03/we-have-old-enemy...
It Is Just Like A Person Is Asking For A Death Wish And Is Playing With Fire And Will Get Burn Thinking They Can Play Games With God And Think They Can Take Advantage Of It And Play Dumb Pretending They Do Not Know What God Is Telling Them In The Bible And They Are Traitors And Enemies Just
Like Judas Everyone Of Them And They Lie To Them Selves And To God And Will Perish In Their Own Corruption If They Do Not Repent.
biblepsalms23.livejournal.com/28735.html
relationshipsscams.blogspot.com/2020/06/it-is-just-like-p...
A Curse Is Upon Them Because Of The Sins Of Their Forefathers And Because Of Their Sins And Trespass Against God And Have Broken His Covenant He Gave Them Into The Hand Of The Heathen; And They That Hated Them Ruled Over Them And Sold Their Ancestors Into Slavery And Ripped Up Their Women With Child.
www.flickr.com/groups/vision_and_dreams_and_revelation_pr...
relationshipsscams.blogspot.com/2020/04/a-curse-is-upon-t...
biblepsalms23.livejournal.com/27501.html
Our World Is In Trouble And What If God Decides To Destroy Everything Here And What You Are Seeing Here We Are Being Attack Here By Real Entities From The Spiritual Rim And They Are Invading Our World By The Thousand And Is Planning To Attack And Destroy Us Here When The Son Of Perdition Comes Here In The Future In The Book Of Revelation
www.flickr.com/groups/vision_and_dreams_and_revelation_pr...
wesbrend.tumblr.com/
relationshipsscams.blogspot.com/2020/02/our-world-is-in-t...
They Are Being Foolish And Think They Can Cover The Truth Up- Government Cover-Ups And UFO Sightings And Ancient Aliens'' Government Shut Downs And Food Supplies And The Economic Collapse And Banks And Business Foreclosure And Bankruptcy And Things We Depend On For Our Resources, Water Supplies And Gas And Electric And Food And Clothing And Shelter Expenses And What They Are Not Telling You.
youtu.be/OoOlDRKgZuI
We Have A Old Enemy From The Pass From Ancient Times Is Here To Make War.'' I Know There Are People Who Think They Are Covering Up The Truth Because Of This Spirit But The Truth Cannot Be Cover Up Because They Are God's Commandments And Real Laws
www.reddit.com/usewesbrend/comments/f7o7id
/part_1_we_have_a_old_enemy_from_the_pass_from/
A Must See Post.'' It Is Coming In The Future The Great Tribulation Prepare Now And Be Ready Before It Is Too Late.'' God Is Telling People Now And Is Giving Them Warning But They Are Not Listening.'' What Is Coming Here This Is Not Your Television Screen And What You See In A Movie This Is The Real Deal
relationshipsscams.blogspot.com/2020/02/a-must-see-post-i...
Why Is The Church Still Lying Just Tell People The Truth!
People think they are sitting here and is getting away with it not obeying God is because the truth is not in them and what is people sitting here and waiting for thinking they can tempt God he is telling people in the bible when this prophecy comes to pass in the book of Revelation he is going to punish this
world and this will be the worse punishment no one have ever seen before in history and people do not have to take his word for it they will see it when the time comes and why is the church still lying just tell people the truth'' The churches here in our time world wide and state to state and all across the globe
everyone of them have been lying to people for a long time is because no one have not confront those devils and think they are getting away with it and because people is disobeying God and is breaking his commandments people is being curse with plagues and is being deceive and attacked and destroyed by real entities from the spiritual rim.
relationshipsscams.blogspot.com/
www.flickr.com/groups/vision_and_dreams_and_revelation_pr...
It Is Just Like A Person Is Asking For A Death Wish And Is Playing With Fire And Will Get Burn Thinking They Can Play Games With God And Think They Can Take Advantage Of It And Play Dumb Pretending They Do Not Know What God Is Telling Them In The Bible And They Are Traitors And Enemies Just
Like Judas Everyone Of Them And They Lie To Them Selves And To God And Will Perish In Their Own Corruption If They Do Not Repent.
www.flickr.com/groups/vision_and_dreams_and_revelation_pr...
Can Coronavirus Pandemic Threaten The States Power In The Coming Future Because Of The Great Depression And Biblical Curses And Plagues And Prophecies
relationshipsscams.blogspot.com/2020/07/can-coronavirus-p...
www.flickr.com/groups/vision_and_dreams_and_revelation_pr...
biblepsalms23.livejournal.com/29727.html
submitted by wesbrend to u/wesbrend [link] [comments]


2020.09.08 17:07 intellectualgulf The Miseducation of the American People

This is a theory that I will be working on until I figure out if it is accurate or not. Y'know, how the scientific process is supposed to be applied.
The theory is this: The american people have been purposefully miseducated for generations and the bizarre backwards behavior we see today is a symptom of this miseducation.
Whether or not the GOP is mainly responsible, whether this miseducation was politically aligned / inspired seems like a very important question given Nixon's presidency. Nixon is however just a symptom of a disease, and that disease is misinformation. The miseducation of the American people has been occurring for at least 100 years, but most likely has been ongoing since the founding of the country. Unfortunately freedom of speech protects liars, but that is the price we pay for democracy.
Misinformation is a human disease, and is directly responsible for the deaths of hundreds of thousands of American citizens in 2020 alone. Trump appointed Jared Kushner, an uneducated unqualified man, to lead a Covid Task force AND Jared Kushner showed why being uneducated is dangerous, since he decided Covid would magically hurt democrats more than republicans.
I appear to be picking on Trump, but my theory is that conservatives of every color are to blame for this miseducation. It may be unfair to lay the blame entirely at the feet of conservative political parties, but we still can't have rational public debates about social policy without one of the miseducated screaming about communism.
The average american has no idea what socialism is and only vaguely understands it to be a dangerous / bad system of governance that opposing superpowers have historically claimed to follow. https://www.pewresearch.org/politics/2019/10/07/in-their-own-words-behind-americans-views-of-socialism-and-capitalism/
The issue with this miseducation is it prevents reasonable logical debate. Of course any purely socialist society would fail, we are not a cooperative species. Any "true" form of government will fail when applied to humans because we are not rational or logical animals. We will inevitably smear everything in sight with feces and claim we have improved the world.
Miseducation has led to the average american not understanding how governments function at a fundamental level. A government is a group of people who agree to a set of rules that direct acceptable or unacceptable behavior, who organize around these rules, and who contribute resources to the group fund to support the enforcement of those rules. Every government is socialist since the definition of socialism is group ownership, and democratic governments are group owned. All guaranteed services provided by a government are group owned, and anyone who claims the government should not provide guaranteed services should leave since that is exactly what our founding fathers wanted it to be.
I'll repeat that last bit for clarity, the founding fathers intentionally created a group owned government to provide guaranteed services which include the postal service. If you consider yourself an "American" and believe that privatizing government services is a good idea, then you do not understand your government. This is reasonable given that many people were taught complete falsehoods before the internet came along, and many more falsehoods have been propagated by charlatans via the internet.
The only reason we can even tell that a massive amount of miseducation occurred in the United States is because so many of those people are very loud. The internet acts as a permanent record, and despite active revisionism / ongoing miseducation it still provides a clear view of the miseducation.
Each administration that chooses to use misinformation as a political weapon / tool ultimately damages the United States of America as they progressively weaken the citizens faith in truth. The american people at this point in time continue to act illogically despite access to the entirety of human knowledge at their fingertips. This is because the average American has been taught that Science and truth are not the same, and that "science" cannot be trusted to protect their interests. It does not matter that "their interests" are given to them by politicians who have shown an inability to think rationally or scientifically, since this is what they have been taught to accept.
This is yet another symptom of the disease, as people who otherwise are not mentally deficient make completely irrational or illogical choices / behaviors, such as continuing to elect corrupt and incompetent leaders.
The claims by Trump and other "modern" conservatives that the United States is or ever was intended to be a Christian nation is common. It really shouldn't be commonly held or believed since it is patently false, but it is another symptom of the disease of misinformation which is propagated in the United States through miseducation.
Data Sources
Statistics in the U.S. Department of Education: Highlights from the Past 120 Years
https://nces.ed.gov/pubs93/93442.pdf
US Department of Education website
https://www2.ed.gov/about/overview/fed/role.html
History
The original Department of Education was created in 1867 to collect information on schools and teaching that would help the States establish effective school systems. While the agency's name and location within the Executive Branch have changed over the past 130 years, this early emphasis on getting information on what works in education to teachers and education policymakers continues down to the present day.
The passage of the Second Morrill Act in 1890 gave the then-named Office of Education responsibility for administering support for the original system of land-grant colleges and universities. Vocational education became the next major area of Federal aid to schools, with the 1917 Smith-Hughes Act and the 1946 George-Barden Act focusing on agricultural, industrial, and home economics training for high school students.
World War II led to a significant expansion of Federal support for education. The Lanham Act in 1941 and the Impact Aid laws of 1950 eased the burden on communities affected by the presence of military and other Federal installations by making payments to school districts. And in 1944, the "GI Bill" authorized postsecondary education assistance that would ultimately send nearly 8 million World War II veterans to college.
The Cold War stimulated the first example of comprehensive Federal education legislation, when in 1958 Congress passed the National Defense Education Act (NDEA) in response to the Soviet launch of Sputnik. To help ensure that highly trained individuals would be available to help America compete with the Soviet Union in scientific and technical fields, the NDEA included support for loans to college students, the improvement of science, mathematics, and foreign language instruction in elementary and secondary schools, graduate fellowships, foreign language and area studies, and vocational-technical training.
The anti-poverty and civil rights laws of the 1960s and 1970s brought about a dramatic emergence of the Department's equal access mission. The passage of laws such as Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 which prohibited discrimination based on race, sex, and disability, respectively made civil rights enforcement a fundamental and long-lasting focus of the Department of Education. In 1965, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act launched a comprehensive set of programs, including the Title I program of Federal aid to disadvantaged children to address the problems of poor urban and rural areas. And in that same year, the Higher Education Act authorized assistance for postsecondary education, including financial aid programs for needy college students.
In 1980, Congress established the Department of Education as a Cabinet level agency. Today, ED operates programs that touch on every area and level of education. The Department's elementary and secondary programs annually serve nearly 18,200 school districts and over 50 million students attending roughly 98,000 public schools and 32,000 private schools. Department programs also provide grant, loan, and work-study assistance to more than 12 million postsecondary students.
When formulating this theory I was focused on education in the 1950s and later, but I am revising this theory as I read more. I think the best way to identify the miseducation will be to find writings that survived the shifts in belief. To suggest to one of Jefferson's contemporaries that he wanted religion involved with the United States government would have gotten you laughed out of the room. Jefferson was not above using the law to support his personal beliefs, but we have his letters with Madison where they congratulate one another on keeping religion out of the government [see comments].
I bring this up as it is a MAJOR point for conservatives despite being clearly historically wrong.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conservatism_in_the_United_States#:~:text=Conservatism%20in%20the%20United%20States%20is%20a%20political%20and%20social,%2Dcommunism%2C%20pro%2Dindividualism%2C
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conservatism_in_the_United_States#:~:text=Conservatism%20in%20the%20United%20States%20is%20a%20political%20and%20social,%2Dcommunism%2C%20pro%2Dindividualism%2C
Anyone who ascribes to believes in made up history is one of the miseducated.
20200915 - "The white man's burden"
In February 1899, British novelist and poet Rudyard Kipling wrote a poem entitled “The White Man’s Burden: The United States and The Philippine Islands.”
I had hoped I would need to search further than this to find my evidence, as if all the evidence is laying about like this it is a wonder no one else stumbled upon it before.
"The White Man's Burden" had a clear historical impact, and yet most people alive now would refuse to believe that their great great grandparent, great grandparent, or grandparent was assuredly raised with (and most likely promoted) Racist views.
This poem influenced the future) US President Theodore Roosevelt and Global Policy as a result: http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5478/
We see contemporary refutations by famous figures such as Mark Twain, that were clearly ignored in favor of the "White Man" which in the USA was quite literal. "Predestination" was the idea that White Christians were beloved by God, and that God had made the world for White Men to rule".
This was such a common theme in those days that it was used to literally steal land from the natives. Really good evidence of how effective Christianity is as a moral spine to humanity in my thinking.
Just look at President Jackson's Message to Congress "On Indian Removal", December 6, 1830;
https://www.nps.gov/museum/tmc/MANZ/handouts/Andrew_Jackson_Annual_Message.pdf
We must admit that not just some, but most of our forefather's were selfish and racist people who had been indoctrinated by their conservative peers and teachers.
The reason I bring this poem up specifically is I found it in a Biology textbook. Which Biology textbook? Why only one of the most famous textbooks in history that no one remembers,:
A Civic Biology: Presented in Problems (usually referred to as just Civic Biology) was a biology textbook written by George William Hunter, published in 1914
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/39969/39969-h/39969-h.htm
Excerpt from The Economic Value of Trees. Protection and Regulation of Water Supply. : "It was such a strange, tremendous story, that of the Greek Poseidonia, later the Roman Pæstum. Long ago those adventuring mariners from Greece had seized the fertile plain, which at that time was covered with forests of great oak and watered by two clear and shining rivers. They drove the Italian natives back into the distant hills, for the white man's burden even then included the taking of all the desirable things that were being wasted by incompetent natives, and they brought over colonists—whom the philosophers and moralists at home maligned, no doubt, in the same pleasant fashion of our own day. And the colonists cut down the oaks, and plowed the land, and built cities, and made harbors, and finally dusted their busy hands and busy souls of the grime of labor and wrought splendid temples in honor of the benign gods who had given them the possessions of the Italians and filled them with power and fatness. "
Now one instance doesn't make a pattern, but that is clearly not a scientific phrase. Why is this Biology textbook, which was used to force schools to teach science, reinforcing a view that was known at the time to be wrong? Not only was this view known to be wrong, it had been known for at least 50 years.
At this point we can just accept that Christianity was only used as a way to excuse horrendous treatment of "savages", and that the people alive at the time knew this was true. The supporters of predestination at the time most likely were as vehement in their correctness as the neo-nazis of now.
So what is the picture I am painting? Why is this not in chronological order?
I am going to show you that not only is there a constant theme of "denying reality" among conservatives in the United States, but that it was purposeful refutation of correct information (truth).
Andrew Jackson did not consider the native population as human:
"And is it supposed that the wandering savage has a stronger attachment to his home than the settled, civilized Christian? Is it more afflicting to him to leave the graves of his fathers than it is to our brothers and children? Rightly considered, the policy of the General Government toward the red man is not only liberal, but generous. He is unwilling to submit to the laws of the States and mingle with their population. To save him from this alternative, or perhaps utter annihilation, the General Government kindly offers him a new home, and proposes to pay the whole expense of his removal and settlement."
I can say Jackson didn't consider "the red man" as human, because despite this claim that the "red man" would be relocated and all costs covered Jackson would end up authorizing the murder of many natives during his presidency. Just look at how Jackson promoted an incorrect view of the Native American people being "wandering savages" with no connection to the land.
"Whatabout" arguments bring up questions of "ownership", inheritance of land among Native American Tribes, and wars among the Tribes just before the "settling" of the Americas. My counter to this is the same as always, according to your logic if I want your house I just need to prove you haven't owned it "very long".
This argument is at its core insisting that the ownership of a landmass depends on how recently the government on that landmass changed leadership. The fact is that the native American people had been living on the continent without european intervention for at least 1,000 years:
Just for example he Connestee people, believed to be ancestors of the Cherokee, occupied western North Carolina circa 200 to 600 CE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherokee
This means that the Cherokee have a stronger claim to England than the English according to the "recent ownership theory", since the people the English descended from didn't arrive in England until after 400 CE: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Saxon_settlement_of_Britain
Honestly if you or anyone you know believes the ridiculously common conservative argument, please point out to them that based on the concept of ownership being based on time spent in a region, the Native American people owned half the world before the English stood up their bastion of failing Rome in the United Kingdom. Not only that, but the Native American people had a rich history that quite literally was all but destroyed between the 16th and 18th centuries.
Jesus H Christ, if you want to see even more proof that we have simply trained ourselves to be idiotic, look at this History Channel Page that supposedly tells the timeline of the Native American People: https://www.history.com/topics/native-american-history/native-american-timeline
It starts in 1492! That is not a history of the native american people, that is a history of European interaction with the Native American People's. This is a perfect example of how our common knowledge and supposed history is just conservative garbage.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Native_Americans_in_the_United_States
Looking at the actual Wikipedia page (look out for conservative Christian revisionism), we see that the people who populated the American continents lived there for millenia. "Western Christian Civilization" wasn't even a shitstain in homo sapiens diaper when the American continents were fully settled and replete with grand empires.
Not only did Jackson purposefully mis-inform the American people about the selfishness and evil of the "Indian Removal Act", but he used similar misinformation tactics to disguise other political agendas:
" Mexico, having for six years carried on against Texas a marauding war only, and that upon the most savage principles, inconsistant with all principles of civilised warfare, and against which all civilised nations which have acknowledged the Independence of Texas ought to unite, and by peaceful means, if it could, put it down, and if this could not be obtained peaceably, then all civillised and christian powers are bound to unite upon christian principle to put an end to this savage and inhuman war. The United States having been the first nation that acknowledged Texian Independence, are we not bound to be the first to boldly step forward to put an end to this savage maurading war. I think so. Texas harassed, and her means of war limitted presents herself to the united states to be annexed to, and protected by the United States. There being no embodied army marching against Texas for reconquest, great Britain trying to obtain the Liberation of the slaves in Texas for the avowed purpose of coercing the south and west into this measure by destroying the vallue of this property and opening a way for our slaves to run away to Texas, is [it] not time for the south and west to take the alarm, and as Texas has presented herself for voluntary annexation, which at once shuts the door against this impending evil, and secures Neworleans in case of a war with England, can it be, could it be, that any one could seriously suppose that the whole south and west would not unite upon this important subject, and with one voice cry out annexation. "
"I am very feeble, but excited by the subject, mortified at Mr. V.B. letter and Col. Bentons, for their is no evidence of ever the time being more propitious than the present, the necessitous situation of Texas, the prospects of the encouragement posponement will give to Mexico, with the secrete aid of great Britain and the consequences, makes my tears flow with regret. Texas may feel herself insulted and neglected by the refusal of the U. States and make a treaty with great Britain ruinous to the south west and to the safety of the Union, when we will have to fight both great Britain and mexico—on such an event what curses must fall upon all who refused to receive Texas."
It's almost like Andrew Jackson was a Racist, who while opposed / refuted by some of his contemporaries, the average American clearly supported Predestination.
It is no wonder that with this amount misinformation use already present by the 7th President we see a President today who does nothing but lie. Since conservatives value Opinion over Truth we can no longer trust anything that they claim, and we shouldn't have been letting these views infect out people for this long to begin with.

Special Interest Groups Damaged our Government:

This should be a perfectly reasonable debate with no partisanship or issues of religion / emotion (/s).
This is going to be a shit show, just be prepared.
Academics have almost universally responded poorly to this hypothesis, that the American People have been Miseducated for Generations.
It is quite possible that the misinformation campaigns which turned our nation into an "Idiocracy" were not exclusive to education centers.
Searching through the NY Times you can find many examples of Christian special interest groups attacking politicians for failing to align with their goals:
1832 Wig Paper lauding the destruction of Irish Culture- Constitutional Whig. [volume], September 28, 1824
1841 Indiana State sentinel. [volume], October 19, 1841: 1841 anti-irish sentiment

1840 - Mr. Van Buren has shown he is in favor of Free Negroes and Slaves to swear in Court against WHITE MEN! (emphasis theirs) The Hawk-eye and Iowa patriot., September 10, 1840
1842 article noting the South's prediliction for lynching, and arguing that good christians are not racist
1856 - christian editor taken to court for printing abolitionist sentiments in Va
1907 -white people are great even when they oppress their dark skinned brothers
1919 - princeton journal reference to "Irish need not apply". If you are of Irish heritage, your ancestors were called "white The Princeton union. [volume], December 04, 1919, Page 4
1949 - A congressman from Ohio tells other Congressmen he had never seen any segregation: https://history.house.gov/People/Detail/15130?ret=True
2005 - The United States is still fighting idiots pushing their religion in tax funded schools: https://www.nytimes.com/2005/12/20/science/sciencespecial2/judge-bars-intelligent-design-from-pa-classes.html

Textbooks which Promoted Conservative Christian Political Goals

1842 - The Religious instruction of the Negroes in the United States
ORIGIN on THE AMERICAN INDIANS. Hence it seems, at first glance, almost impossible that it should have been reached, in an age when ships Were small‘ and frail, when the mariner’s compass was unknown and the sailor dared not trust himself out of sight of land. This led men to suppose that the inhabitants of America did not descend from Adam and Eve, but from a race previously created. Such a theory’ is plainly contrary to the Bible record, nor is it needed to account for the settlement of America. .8. Later discoveries have brought to light a fact unknown to geographers three hundred years ago, that America wi- dens rapidly in the north, and there juts out into the ocean till it comes within thirty-six ‘miles of Asia. , As a current sets -towards the American shore, the passage thither can be readily made even in rude vessels. Boats may have been driven over by stress of weather, and the continent thus have been discovered without design. But there was a still‘ easier means of communication. In severe seasons, ,Behring’s Strait is frozen over. , ‘Many varieties of animals have passed on the ice from one continent to the other; and the first occupants of America, led by curiosity, or driven by violence,- may have reached the new world in the same manner. 9. At what time this event took place, we are not informed. History makes no mention of it. It is probable that it occurred at an early date, not many centuries after the dispersion at Babel and the consequent emigration from the plain of Shi’nar.
1875 Analysis of Civil Government
There is little need of comment "on this clause‘‘.‘‘ No “man can Well doubt the propriety of placing a President of the" United States’ under the most solemn obligations to preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution. It is "a suitable ‘pledge of his fidelity and responsibility to his 'country', and creates upon his conscience a deep ‘sense duty, by an appeal at once, in the presence of God and man, to the most sacred and solemn sanctions Which can operate upon the human mind
Oath. A solemn aflirmation or declaration, before a competent tribunal or ofiieer, to tell the truth, appealing to God for the truth of what is asserted.
1875 - Politics for young adults
TO PARENTS AND TEACHERS. to be a good citizen of the United States one ought to be imbued with the spirit of Christianity, and to believe in and act upon the teachings of Jesus. He condemned self-seeking, covetousness, hypocrisy, class distinctions, envy, malice, undue and ignoble ambition
Old textbooks:
ATTITUDES REVEALED IN SUBJECT MATTER Since geography textbooks dealt extensively with people and customs, the opportunity was great for authors to reveal their attitudes regarding the various peoples and their ways of living. In many geographies, especially in the earlier ones, the content revealed that the attitudes of the authors were often biased. Religious Attitudes. The earliest geographies were written when our country was still dominantly Protestant and the academic leaders were either trained as ministers or at least deeply religious. J edidiah Morse and Elijah Parish were both Congregational ministers. Not even all Protestant groups were equally respected. For example, in the first American written geography, Morse in 1784 referred to the Presbyterians and Lutherans as “numerous and respectable.” Parish, in enumerating the religious groups, began with small letters the words Baptists, Methodists, Quakers, and Catholics, but began with capital letters Presbyterian, Congregationalists, and Lutherans. ‘ Many of the early books particularly contained unfavorable comments about other religions than Protestants. Morse in his 1790 edition referred to Roman Catholicism in Spain as “of most bigoted, superstitious, and tyrannical character.” Dwight (1806), Parish (1810), and Adams (1818) used the term “Pop- ery” in referring to Roman Catholicism. Davies (1805) claimed that the priests in Ireland ruled with “blind superstition and ignorance.” Many other early geographies contained similar statements. Later several geography textbooks were written by Catholic
GEOGRAPHIES Q13 authors which were equally biased against Protestantism. Among these were texts by Pinnock (1853) and Sadlier (1880). The latter, in referring to religious conditions in Ireland, said: England abandoned the Catholic faith in the 16th century, and to this country belongs the ignoble distinction of having oppressed and persecuted the Irish nation with a barbarity unparalleled in the history of man’s inhumanity to man. Most Protestant authors referred to the Protestants in Euro- pean countries with respect. Parish (1810) said, “The Scotch clergy are men of learning and piety.” Woodbridge (1835) said, in referring to the Scots, “They are remarkable for knowledge and morality, produced by their numerous schools, and their at- tention to public worship.” In referring to non-Christian religions, likewise, uncompli- mentary statements were often made. A number of authors re- ferred to Mahomet as an “imposter.” Morse (1800) wrote: “In a word, the contagion spread over Arabia, Syria, Egypt, and Persia; Mahomet, from a deceitful hypocrite, became the most powerful monarch in his time.” Warren in 1872 referred to Mohammed as a “false prophet.” Uncomplimentary statements were also made about the religions in Japan and India. Reform Attitudes. The teaching of religion and morality was really the chief aim of education in early American schools. This aim was even dominant. in geography textbooks. Thus many forms of behavior which the authors considered immoral were severely condemned. Alcohol. Morse (1790) believed “in proportion as the use of beer increases, in the same proportion will the use of spiritous liquors decrease. This will be a happy exchange.” Parish (1810) condemned the “numerous Taverns,” and “grogshops.” Several condemned the sale of liquors to Indians.
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2020.09.08 01:47 ronindog [NM] Longines Master Collection Automatic Chronograph L2.693.4.51.6 - 100 spots at $14.00/ea with no spot limit.

Item Name: Longines Master Collection Automatic Chronograph L2.693.4.51.6
Price: $1400
# of Spots: 100 at $14 each
Approval:
Price Justification: $1511.32
Price Justification: $1276 on leather
Price Justification: $1200 on leather
Price Justification: $1225 white face on leather
Price Justification: $1450 on leather
Price Justification: [$1750 white dial pristine condition](https://www.watchuseek.com/threads/fsot-longines-master-collection-44mm-chronograph-l2-693-4-51-7.1082881/#post-8344805)
Price Justification: $1999
Previous Raffle Date N/A
Call spots? Yes
Spot limit per person? No
Location/Country: USA
Will ship international? Canada, at buyers expense
Timestamp/pics: AlbumTimestamp
Escrow: /u/ronindog for meech96
Description: For raffle today is a Longines Master Collection L2.693.4.78.3 Automatic Chronograph. This is the rarer black waffle dial variant featuring roman numeral indices. There are some small wear and tear scratches throughout, but nothing eye catching at first glance. The watch measures at 44mm and is fit to about a 6.75” wrist. This one comes as a full set including the special key used to change the date, hang tag, booklet, 5 extra links and microfiber cloth. Only thing missing is warranty card. I am not the original owner so I am unsure of the service history, but the watch is keeping good time and the chrono works as expected. This is a stunning piece that would be great in any collection.

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Too Many Cooks Pack $2.09 9/10 -
Tools Up! $15.99 9/7 62
Totally Reliable Delivery Service Deluxe Edition $14.39 9/21 -
Tower Climb $1.2 9/17 -
UBERMOSH:BLACK $0.49 9/21 -
Up Cliff Drive $1.2 9/17 -
Valthirian Arc: Hero School Story $5.24 9/18 56
Waifu Uncovered $5.59 9/24 58
Warborn $18.74 9/18 64
Warp Shift $0.99 9/23 74
Warparty $9.99 9/11 45
Welcome Summer! Swimsuits $2.99 9/18 -
Without Escape $2.99 9/24 -
Wizards of Brandel $9.09 9/17 -
Word Mesh $3.49 9/14 -
Worms W.M.D $10.19 9/10 83
Yoku's Island Express $6.79 9/10 82
Yooka-Laylee $13.59 9/10 75
Yooka-Laylee and the Impossible Lair $13.49 9/10 81
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2020.08.31 23:17 Ilforte Russian translations 3: Toy People, Toy Money

This is a continuation of a series of translations of Russian conservative writings (1, 2, some assorted bits here and there) that I find edifying in present climate. This one specifically is about money and power in near future.
Shout-out to FD4280 who some 17 days ago asked me about a partial quote; and apologies for the culture shock or inadequacies of my sloppy work.
Krylov had a very dim view of the future, and a very paranoid view of the people in power. The first I read of him was a dim sci-fi story lampooning genre tropes, one about far future where humanity has developed FTL travel, nanomachines etc. and populated the galaxy, yet nearly everyone lives in dehumanizing squalor, jobless on UBI or doing some degrading work, no culture is allowed to the proles, economic crises continue to destroy entire solar systems' worth of labor, and unlike normal Western sci-fi it's not just illogical props, like in "Mandalorian", but a system very deliberately engineered to a particular end. Back then I did not understand anything, but it hit a nerve.
Here's a second speculative piece in a series; the first one, briefly, is about an eventual transformation of our modern smartphone-dominated reality into AR with corporate-controlled familiars/servants, "Pokemons", which will elicit an emotional bond and direct attention better than Big Tech innovations allow to at this point. Both tie into the concept of "Cyber-GULAG with postmodern characteristics" that was laughed at for a long time, but rapidly focused into plausibility this spring, when Muskovites learned that they may need QR codes to get out of their apartments.

Toy People, 25.07.2016, Konstantin Krylov

As statistics show, my previous article about Pokemons and their upcoming triumph aroused some interest. It is glorious when people are interested in their future. In order not to disappoint the readers, I have decided to continue the topic - this time devoting attention to another aspect of the coming world, namely the financial one.
One of the few methods of predicting the future that work (with all the caveats) is to use the principle "global trend eventually overmights [untranslatable, "перемогает"] local". Here, this Ukrainian word is appropriate: it exactly "overwhelms" - that it, overpresses, overpowers the resistant reality, in spite of all its fits. Because "that's where the thing is going".
The simplest example. Since the Neolithic Age people have been improving the means of communication. First, to communicate with a person from a neighboring village, one had to go there. Then they had to ride on horseback. Then - to take a paved road. Then, there were steam trains and steam boats, and you could get to a far away place in a few days. Telegraph, phone and e-mail have finished the problem: now the time spent on contact has been reduced to almost zero. Note: there were regular slowdowns, retreats, losses of technology along the way. Let's say, the Roman messaging system was much superior to the medieval one. The oldest technology - pigeon mail - was rediscovered multiple times (which, in particular, caused the rise of the Rothschilds). But, in general, the trend broke its way through.
Here's a more complicated example. It is known that as the military technology improves, army losses decrease, but civilian losses increase. The trend dates back to ancient times and was on several occasions close to its peak, for example in the late Middle Ages. The mass armies and especially the great slaughterhouses of the 20th century seemed to have disproved it. However, now it is clear to everyone - the matter is progressing again, and this time it is final. That is, missiles and robots will fight, and civilians will bear the losses. And now it will not be reverted, the game is done.
So, now we'll talk about a very important global trend. I would call it the disarmament of the population.
What do I mean? In the Neolithic, any man armed with a stone axe was dangerous. And not only for other men, but also for the authorities. And the difference between him and another man with a stone axe was not qualitative, but quantitative. Several men with axes could kill the chief of the tribe.
Now we see that even millions of ordinary people can do nothing against the elite of the state - so powerful it is and so weak they are. Simultaneously, the philistine is also weak against other philistines, because they are protected by this same state. Moreover, any community, even the most negligible one, provided it has a state mandate to mock the philistine, can do it as much as it feels like. Nowadays, such a mandate is regularly given to the so-called 'minorities', who bully and terrorize the law-abiding herd as they wish. Blacks, feminists, gays, Muslims - all of them, if they wish, can do what they want with any "white cisgender man", from insults and harassment to physical violence. He can do nothing, nothing at all.
How is this achieved? In different ways, but the main thing is disarmament and putting things under control. That is: they take away everything that can harm the state from the commoner, and control everything that can be used to cause such harm. In the end, everything will be taken away from him and everything will be controlled too.
In order not to look far for the example. Let's take the weapon in the most literal sense of the word - a firearm. At the moment, the philistines are not armed. Even in the countries where they are allowed to own a firearm, the average citizen still cannot use it, because it will be his fault, because self-defense is punishable. Of course, there are differences: in Russia it is absolutely punishable (almost all of those who tried to defend themselves went to jail), while in America Castle Doctrine (inflicting death on a person who illegally entered a home can be justified by a court as a permissible measure of necessary defense) and other healthy principles are still in force. Moreover, some countries are adopting them even now (for example, the same Castle Doctrine was adopted in Italy in 2005). But the general trend is quite clear: the scope of legal use of weapons is gradually narrowing and shrinking. In the end, its use against people will be made impossible at all.
Notice: this is the exact formulation. I did not say that all weapons would be "taken away" and "banned". That is, this option is also possible, but it is not the only one available. It will be quite enough for the authorities that you will not be able to shoot a representative of the authorities with your pistol. Or you can strengthen the demand - any person at all. For this purpose, it would suffice to equip the weapon with a special chip which will make it possible to shoot only after a permission from the police. Which will be issued only if you shoot at the indoor range, at beer cans. Still, it is possible to complicate the task further and equip the pistol with electronic recognition which will allow shooting at cats and crows (only wild - domestic ones will have a built-in blocking chip). Any silhouette at least remotely resembling a human one will trigger a blocking. Because it's no good for a petty commoner to shoot at people. Of course, the criminals will have "illegal guns", coming in mysterious ways. Or simply - a few people with sticks and knives, against which, as in the twelfth century, there will be exactly no recourse again. A commoner must be naked, pitiful, shivering and defenseless in front of any muscular scoundrel, and the gun is not good in that it equalizes the chances... And, of course, the police will become a superpower from outer space, just because they will have the right to shoot. And if they also will be enhanced with all kinds of modern gizmos, then the difference in strength between the commoner and their graces will become akin to the difference between a cockroach and Jupiter.
The same can be said, for example, about free time. If the commoner used it, he could think or invent something harmful. The chance is admittedly tiny, but it exists. So, for example, the working day is not reduced, but there are lots of activities that you can - and want! - to indulge in after-hours: from watching TV series to travelling ("it's necessary to see everything").
However, all this is obvious. I would like to talk about how the average person will be deprived of the last dangerous resource that is still in his hands - namely, money.
Indeed. Money is a very dangerous thing. With money, you can buy everything, including any serious possessions. For example, you can buy good steel, a diamond drill machine, and something on top of that. And you can make a primitive yet working firearm. In the hyperinformative era, you may get the blueprints of a peashooter ... And then, with this thing, a man will shoot at the godlike punisher-polizei. Or at a respectable, esteemed black ripper who has become used to killing people "as much as needed", because he is a black Muslim and has a gun (of course, without a chip), and white people do not even have a knife, only soft chubby legs and arms. Or - a dearest child of an important European official, who adopted laws under which all of the above became possible. By the way, one guy did it, his name was Breivik. He, truth be told, legally bought a ready-made weapon. But he could have made it himself too.
It seems that the easiest solution is to ban all dangerous things. Weapons, machine tools, explosive components, etc. But here is the trouble: there are more and more things in the world, and it is not clear which of them are safe and which are not. The nomenclature is too big, you can't keep track of everything. Besides, explosives and poisonous substances are only a small part of dangerous things. For example, computer programs - don't they come in all kinds? and who knows all they can do? And you can buy them for money, too. Well, that's it. Money - real money for which you can buy everything - should be taken from the commoner. In toto. And he should be given something else, simpler. Toy money with which he can only buy safe things, toys, and a little pleasure.
How will it be done? This is what we will talk about.
The first thing is not to give the little people money to save. Now, in the West, if you have a decent salary and live frugally, you can amass - by the end of your life, but still - a rather significant sum. And leave it to children, and they may already come up with something improper. It is even worse if the money goes not to your children, but, say, to friends or like-minded people. A commoner cannot have posthumous agency, no. He should not be able to bequeath his belongings to anyone. For it is not known what they will do.
Therefore, roughly at the end of XIX century a systematic war against the inheritance of property and wealth has been declared. The chosen method was simple - prohibitively high taxes on inheritance. To assess the level: the inheritance tax was introduced for the first time in history in Ancient Rome, by Augustus, it was 5% and was spent on the pension of soldiers. In modern France, the inheritance tax is 20 percent for direct line heirs and up to an insane 60 percent for those who are farther away or receive an inheritance by will (and this together with the fact that real estate, for example, is valuated at market value). In Japan, inheritance tax is also very high - 50% for large sums (and it was higher, but had to be rolled back). In America, the procedures are similar. In all other Western countries, the inheritance tax is comparable - from ten to twenty percent. Of course, there are certain liberties: small sums are not taxed yet. Some countries exist where there is no inheritance tax, but there are fewer and fewer of them (for example, recently the tax was introduced in Malaysia, despite many years of resistance from the rich Malay clans).
Of course, the hoi polloi resist the looting as much as they can. They are caught and punished. At the same time, they are constantly encouraged to 'surrender currency' to exceedingly numerous 'charitable organizations and foundations'. In other words, they give the profit to those who find a safe use for money. From this point of view, by the way, it does not matter whether the money will be spent to help starving black people, to save a rare species of bedbugs or simply to enrich state-approved parasites. What is important is that the money is neutralized.
It should be said that the point of the project is not particularly hidden. In the literature of the late XIX - early XX century (coming out from under the pen of moderate socialists) it says in black and white: inheritance tax is the way to "societal society". In which individuals that are too rich, and too free for this reason, are absent as a class.
Speaking of which. From a certain point in Western mass culture the universal villain figure has become a super-rich man with ideas. In other words, an independently thinking individual who has enough means to carry out his projects. Of course, some nasty thing always comes to his mind - to destroy mankind or something like that. For example, the famous James Bond throughout the whole series fights not so much with the "Reds" but exactly with such bad guys. And this in a society that calls itself "capitalist". In fact, this is a primitive setting of the commoner on the owner of capital: "money is bad, big money makes people foolish and prone to do nasty things". Of course, the apologia of poverty and squalor, such as in the USSR, is also not welcome - because a human is a dangerous thing too, and a poor human is easily bribed with very little money... But the "uncontrolled rich man" is nasty, doodoo.
That's regarding inheritance. As for the lifetime savings, there's a number of ways to eat them up. From the usual inflation to the organization of life such that a person gets into debt from the very beginning and then spends the rest of his life paying. All of this is described in the relevant literature in sufficient detail, let's not dwell on it.
Still. As long as real money remains in their hands, people can buy real things with it. So it is better to just take the money from people at all. Dollars are not children's toys.
How? Well, just like this.
We already got used - in Russia too - to such a small but pleasant little thing as bonus points, loyalty card crediting and other such niceties. Should you come to the tavern seven times, you will get a mug of free beer, a cookie or a discount from the main account on the eighth. These little toy moneys, at this point they are mainly utilized to goad the client into spending the real money.
However, it depends on how you look at it. All these "points", if properly leveraged, can become promising financial (and not only financial) instruments that work well at the micro level.
For now, issuance of all these "discount instruments" is restricted to stores and restaurants, and the cards are tightly tied to the buyer. They cannot be sold or given away. But this is a technical issue, by and large. So is the question of exchanging points for money, for example. Moreover, there are no fundamental restrictions on producing derivatives based on this system - say, using the currency basket mechanisms. Consider: someone is issuing (why and by what right - let's omit these details for now) some conditional unit of exchange the "cost" of which is defined as 0.5 points of a card of some central Moscow store, plus 0.3 discount points of a popular restaurant chain, plus 0.2 points of a chain of women's clothing and perfume. It should be noted that money – roubles or dollars – is out of the question, only points. This conventional unit is called, say, "Sale". Sale is exchanged at trades – arranged as exchange currency trades – for other points, and (for the time being) is bought for money. And it is profitable: by buying Sales, you can buy more goods and services than for money directly. By three percent, not more - but they won't hurt, right?
Now imagine that you are offered to cover part of the price with Sales, on favorable terms. You save five percent, or even whole ten percent. However, you will be able to shop only there where Sales are accepted. But you it's not like you need anything else. You need to eat, get dressed, go to the cinema... you can get all this for Sales. And real money will be needed to pay taxes and for communal housing.
Why such difficulties? Little by little, one travels far. Dangerous toys - dollars, rubles, euros - should be taken away from people gradually, and in such a manner that they themselves give them up. In the end, the toy "Sales" will actually cover the basic needs of an ordinary citizen, and even ten percent above that. Do you insist on getting paid in real money? You will not be refused. But there will be rumors that you are saving money for something bad. Maybe for drugs? Or are you sending it to terrorists? Your account might begin to attract interest. And you personally, too. No, no, no, if you have nothing illegal, no one will bother you. Why do you need money anyway? Oh, you're saving for a diamond ring for your loved one? Well, we didn't foresee that, so we'll suggest to the jewelers that they put special points on diamonds and include it in the Sale basket.
Here's what's important about this. You will always be able to earn Sales not with work, but with demonstrating good behavior - like now. That is: if you constantly go to the same food joint, you will be awarded Sales. If you buy new products of your favorite company, the same happens. And so on.
Further, the component I wrote about in the previous article will be added to the points: Sales for good behavior in the most direct sense of the word. You crossed the street on green, following all the rules - Sale. For each minute of waiting - additional Sale (a CCTV installed on the traffic light and your cell phone connected to a chip in the same traffic light will detect it). Ran across the street - no, you will not be penalized in any manner, but the next fifty good things you will be doing for free. We hope that you had a good reason to be in such a hurry and it was worth it ... And so on and so forth.
It is very important that Sales will be paid for good behavior. Because after a while, the compensation of what used to be called labor, too, will be made on the same principle.
No, real work will be paid for with real money. But by that time, five or six percent of the population will have a real job to do real work. The rest of the population will be engaged in harmless, but also not exactly useful nonsense, the essence and meaning of which they themselves will not understand. But going to the office, arriving on time, sitting at the computer during the time specified in the contract - all this, specifically, will be paid for. And again, not rewarded as labor but as good, correct, socially useful behavior. Even the choice of tea instead of coffee (tea is more healthy) will be rewarded with a Sale or two.
After a while, people will get used to living in a world of toy money. Yes, they will not be able to buy weapons, powerful drugs (only vitamins and dietary supplements) or at least a hammer with nails. But all of this is so rarely needed. Instead, it would be better to live with Sales in the toy world of a well-fed city sluggard. By the way, Sales will be "globalized" from the inception - because the trade networks that emit them are global. That is, national currencies will remain, there will be usual problems with the exchange rates (those will be amplified, even), but Sales will be accepted everywhere where there is "McDonald's", "Zara" and other such places. And, of course, electronic services and social networks. Because "Facebook" will also be a source of Sales - it will award them for posts, comments and even likes, according to very tricky formulas that users will not understand. But their activity in networks will bring them income - small, but pleasant. And suspensions and other punishments for wrong words and thoughts - it will hit them in their pocket. And it will be done not by a totalitarian state, but by a private business entitled to its rights.
I could develop this topic further, but "that's enough for a smart man", and I am already too talkative. So I'll simply remind you: it's just a forecast, that is, an attempt to outline one of the approaches to solving the problem of taking away from people everything that can prevent the Ones Who Order from ruling forever. Maybe they will find another solution, a more interesting one. Or maybe they will do it very roughly.
But they will be tackling the problem - necessarily.
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2020.08.30 09:17 Gendrath A Thief's Journal: Week 1 - Back into the seat

https://www.reddit.com/Eve/comments/iisc4n/a_thiefs_journal_prologue_waking_up_again - Prologue
Week 1: 4/11 - 4/18/2020

Well we are off to a good start. After a picking out our regions, we got to work scouting structures. It didn't take too long before everyone was set up, not nearly as long as I thought it would.
I'm going to try to keep track of any activity on grid with the unanchoring structures but sometimes there just isn't any activity at all.
Agal - Industrial (Star Serpent Corporation)Found: 4/10 10:55pmUnanchored: 4/11 6:17pmStructure: RaitaruSold: 493,833,000 iskScooped: Shamus+++++Star Serpent, the owner and CEO, was there at the structure waiting for it to unanchor. Apparently he didn't know that the structure popped 50km away from him, when he needs to be within 2,500m to scoop it. I say this because he was slow boating to it. I had warped straight to the compressed Raitaru and scooped it right from under his nose.
I then talked with him and gave him some tips about how to do it better next time. He seemed like a good guy that really just didn't know much about structures and how they worked. We added each other to contacts to keep in touch, in case he ever needs my services or advice. He is the kind of pilot we need here in New Eden, one that can take a loss and not give up.
Sadly though, he stopped unanchoring his Athanor that was on grid.+++++

Bherdasopt - Public Refinery (Low Tax Mission Snax)Found: 4/7 10:28pmUnanchored: 4/12 1:05pmStructure: AthanorSold: 772,420,500 iskScooped: Gendrath+++++Thought that this one would come out on Tuesday, and I had found it the first day of unanchoring, I'm glad I was off today and watching the controls. No one was on grid but man it still gets my heart pumping as much as if someone was on grid. It doesn't last as long though. Great present for Easter Sunday, I do call them eggs when they pop unanchored. Beautiful little eggs...+++++

Ebasez - UT Station (Uranian Technologies)Found: 4/10 5:23pmUnanchored: 4/12 3:48pmStructure: AstrahusSold: 918,850,000 iskScooped: Shamus++++Shivaitee, the station owner showed up as it popped but he warped to the old saved location and was 38km away from the Astrahus when I landed next to its compressed egg. Second one for Easter Sunday.
Mmmm it's kind of nice to scoop up an Astrahus, they are the most expensive of the medium structures. He didn't take it too well that I was reclaiming his structure and told me to go fuck myself multiple times. I offered to teach him how to do it properly, but he said "I Need no lessons from a thief!" and told me yet again to go fuck myself. Probably one of the saltier ones that I've had so far.+++++

Pashanai - SHSLC - Maquro (Sashimi Holdings LLC)Found: 4/8 11:32pmUnanchored: 4/13 6:50amStructure: AthanorSold: 742,900,000 iskScooped: Zaphire+++++Woke up after server reset to log back in the characters and while loading in Zaphire I noticed the Athanor she was watching had popped, there is a hanger container and a shuttle on grid. Ok its a shuttle no worries, I initiate warp to the egg and a Tayra shows up on grid while I'm in warp, he is right on grid with the Athanor! But instead of scooping it first he goes for the hangar container! I scoop the Athanor and warp off, dock up and disconnect.
I think that this station belonged to some old alliance friends that destroyed my once great Moon mining empire. One by one as they leave I will be there to scoop their structures. Also the fact that this one was a wake up and instant scoop leads me to believe in my instincts even more. If I had been any slower I would have missed this one. Seconds count in this profession+++++

Zimse - Core (MM Holdings)Found: 4/13 10:21pmUnanchored: 4/15 4:43pmStructure: AthanorSold: 767,435,250 iskScooped: Shamus+++++I found a new method of notification for the structures when they finish unanchoring with this Athanor. I tried putting a single item the station so I'd get a notification of item movement to Asset Safety when the station unanchors. I was right! It notifies you not 30s after it pops and becomes scoop-able. I was in Munory, which is a system over, when this one popped and I am surprised I made in and was able to scoop it. I landed on grid with 2 other ships, One Vagabond and one Tayra.
I Thought I was going to miss it to the Tayra but I was able to land and scoop it before they were, the Vagabond had me targeted but didn't attack or anything, which is interesting. I wonder if the Praxis I am flying is a deterrent. I made it to a station safe and sound to unload the compressed station.
Man what a rush; awesome to know that it is a near instant notification that your items are being transferred to asset safety. Sadly at his next Athanor he brought 4 other battleships to defend it. I decided to leave that one be and not test the bounds of my ship+++++

Bania - Deep Thought (42 Deep Thought Industries)Found: 4/12 2:36pmUnanchored: 4/17 Missed+++++Missed this one due to work, left @ 10am, returned at 5pm, empty grid, I bet it was around lunch time. Maybe I should take the tablet to work to monitor during lunch? For the moment though, missing one here and there when earning real world money isn't so bad. With the new method of alarming the structures I am able to camp whole systems that are small enough.
Zimse for example, has 4 unanchoring and is less than 14au across. Allowing you to pop around system, while you wait for the structure to pop. once it does, D-Scan the system and warp to the egg.+++++

4/17/20209:41pmLooking though other battleships and fits, the Praxis is really the only one that can fit a structure in it and still have a decent align time. The only other one with anywhere enough space is the Megathron but it aligns twice as slow as the Praxis, so it is the only viable battleship to scoop with.
4/18/20201:37amLooking through Industrial ships to see if there are any other viable options and @ max skills I got one down to 3.88s align time. Badger it does require lvl V Caldari Industrial (I - V 20day @ 34.5sp/m) to be that fast and have enough cargo space for a small structure. This will be Zaphires' new ship since she has the max skills to fly the thing. will be super nice knowing she is that slippery. Sadly it is a fit for Omega Scooper Pilots only.

Zimse - 05 moon (ind Corporation of Moon Hellcat)Found: 4/13 10:22pmUnanchored: 4/18 9:35amStructure: AthanorSold: 796,662,500 iskScooped: Shamus+++++I warped to the egg after it had popped, thanks to the new notification method. I landed on grid with an Orca and an Iteron mk V. The Iteron V was 9,000km and closing away from the structures egg when I landed on grid, I was able to scoop it, warp off and drop into another station safely to wait out the suspect timer.
I did miss one 30 minutes ago though sadly, we will see how many we can get by days end.
I played the SalvageReclaimer a bit more with this corporation.+++++

+++++Private Chat Logs+++++
tyrish Thellere > Hi
Shamus O'neal > o/
Shamus O'neal > whats up?
tyrish Thellere > You recently talked to Nickolas F Hunt I advise you to return the stolen otherwise you will have problems
Shamus O'neal > Stolen? I'm sorry but i have a work order for the reclamation of unwanted structure 73169-f in Zimse, if this work order was filed in error, a fee of 750mil is required to get the structure out of impound
tyrish Thellere > Who made this order?
Shamus O'neal > Anon-469 on the 13th of the month
tyrish Thellere > Do you understand that in case of failure you will be ordered?
Shamus O'neal > I think you are failing to understand, I acknowledge I have your structure, I acknowledge that you want it back, but i cannot comply without the processing fee of 750mil to return the structure out of impound.
+++++
Haron F Hunt > Hello pic maker, you have an hour to bring station back or u will be illuminated. I'm just saying a fact
Shamus O'neal > :) processing fee of 750,000,000isk is required my friend. Work order 73169-f has been completed and a processing fee is required to remove the structure Zimse - 05 moon (ind Corporation of Moon Hellcat) from impound and adoption
Shamus O'neal > ooooh we already have someone looking to adopt your structure for 800mil, I can hold the adoption papers for a moment if you would like to get it out of impound
Shamus O'neal > Failure to pay the processing fee has seen your athanor adopted into a new home, I hope you treat your things better next time+++++
Work Order 73169-f from Anon-469, ha! I tried to give it back to them for a 750,000,000 isk processing fee
They brought 13 ships (78.3mil) to try to kill me! Didn't pop the praxis though, they had me in hull by the time Concord detected their aggression and proceeded to vaporize the ships they were flying.
I put their kill rights up for 10mil(changed to 25) each so hopefully that'll do some damage and get used, +130mil(295mil) for me.
+++++Your kill right was usedFrom: CONCORDSent: 2020.04.18 20:22
Mantoptera Bogomol has been killed using your kill right. The kill right you had on this capsuleer has now been removed.+++++
Mantoptera Bogomol was one of the guys that tried to suicide gank me after stealing 05 moon.

Successful Kill rights so farLaavainell Makanen: No Kill report avaliable - 10mil Kill rightMantoptera Bogomol (Drekavac) - https://zkillboard.com/kill/83464280/ 10mil Kill RightAlexander Hennesy (Tayra) - https://zkillboard.com/kill/83466889/ 25mil Kill RightUnnamedPlayer (Gila) 2x25mil Kill Right - https://zkillboard.com/kill/83492986/Kiril Deninard (Moa) 2x25mil Kill Right - https://zkillboard.com/kill/83549109/L82 - 10mil Kill Right but no killRoman Asder (Drekavac) - 25mil Kill Right - https://zkillboard.com/kill/83623283/

2020.04.24 17:22 Kill Right 25,000,000 ISK God Emperor Kane bought kill right on Roman Asder from Shamus O'neal2020.04.21 18:43 Kill Right 25,000,000 ISK Omar Chimera bought kill right on Kiril Deninard from Shamus O'neal2020.04.21 18:13 Kill Right 25,000,000 ISK Bot Model1000 bought kill right on Kiril Deninard from Shamus O'neal2020.04.19 16:57 Kill Right 25,000,000 ISK Frikkoso bought kill right on UnnamedPlayer from Shamus O'neal2020.04.19 10:03 Kill Right 25,000,000 ISK Giges Thellere bought kill right on UnnamedPlayer from Shamus O'neal2020.04.18 21:40 Kill Right 25,000,000 ISK Cargo Bandit bought kill right on Alexander Hennesy from Shamus O'neal2020.04.18 20:21 Kill Right 10,000,000 ISK DerpimusPrime Aihaken bought kill right on Mantoptera Bogomol from Shamus O'neal2020.04.18 20:00 Kill Right 10,000,000 ISK Mister Peking bought kill right on L82 from Shamus O'neal2020.04.18 19:58 Kill Right 10,000,000 ISK MacGybo bought kill right on Laavainell Makanen from Shamus O'neal
Total so far: 180mil from Kill Rights from Buying and not completing, them being slippery earns me more money!!+++++

Zimse - 04 moon (ind Corporation of Moon Hellcat)Found: 4/13 10:28pmUnanchored: 4/18 1:05pmStructure: AthanorSold: 796,662,500 iskScooped: Shamus+++++They were protecting it with their fleet on grid, all their suicide ships and even some actual combat ships, I warped to the egg, aligned out, made speed, scooped, warped and the chase was on. I miss-clicked a gate instead of a structure and tried to U-turn; big mistake that turned out to be, they caught me on the gate as I tried to jump to a structure in system. I guess instead I'll have to jump the gate and try again on the other side.
The Stargate wormhole spit me out into the next system, where I don't think my controls were responding correctly and I was sitting there aligning for a moment, mashing on the warp command in a fury. It finally responded and I entered warp headed to; another gate, damn. Lets do another U-turn to the first structure on overview. Few moments pause while I'm aligning to the nearest structure, as my heart is beating out of the clones chest.
Time seemed to slow here and the 8 second align time that this battleship has felt more like the align time of a transporters freighter. I'm finally into warp headed in a safe direction and this cat and mouse game can come to an end.
"Whooo! what a rush!" I scream into local chat "Man! Better than cocaine!!!!"+++++
Man that was a ton of fun and totally worth it! God damn, here I am 10 minutes later still with the shakes and heart pounding, god damn the Praxis is a good fit for this line of work. glad I could save this one from the dust.

4/18/20202:27pmMan I still have the shakes from that last encounter, what a rush!!! I'm very impressed with the Praxis and now I'm more confident that even if someone is defending and on grid I have a good chance of scooping it and getting away safely.
That's 2 Athanors for today and in total 4 structures in the Praxis, I'd call that a staggering success for a battleship used for stealing structures. should have used Gendrath on the 4th structure, he was there in system and the defense fleet was following me. Would have snagged a 3rd today I bet.

6:40pmThe rush is finally calming down. Wow that really was some amazing content and I am super surprised that;
  1. The Praxis survived the suicide run attempt
  2. I scooped it right out from under the whole fleet they had waiting to defend it
  3. I made it away safely
  4. That it was done on an alpha clone
*Shout out to this corporation for having some balls to try to protect their structure* (ind Corporation of Moon Hellcat)

First Week 4/11/2020 - 4/18/2020Astrahus:[1] Athanor:[5] Raitaru:[1]Gendrath:[1] Shamus:[5] Zaphire:[1]
Net Gain: 5,393,763,750 iskNet Loss: 0 isk

What a week it has been! 5.3 Billion Isk in the bank!! So many things learned, so early on, that can only make for a more successful journey and business venture. The notification system, the hardiness and speed of the Alpha Praxis, the speed of the Badger. All compared to what I used to run in the Iteron mk V. such a slow boat it feels like now.
Had the most exhilarating scoop to date including before this play through of eve. Survived a Suicide gank of 13 people; and then subsequently scooped a structure from under the same 13 + 3 others including a Tengu.
https://zkillboard.com/b118498/- Missing one ship from the attempted suicide runhttps://evepraisal.com/a/qea01 - Estimated value of Reclaimed Structures before taxes and fees
+++++
This has been Week 1 of 12. I hope you guys enjoy the sticky fingered adventures of the Valkson clan
Week 2: https://www.reddit.com/Eve/comments/inryh5/a_thiefs_journal_week_2_holy_space_cow/
Edit: Formatting againEdit2: Formatting again..
submitted by Gendrath to Eve [link] [comments]


2020.08.29 06:54 ExchangeEven Proof of eternal security of the believer

John 5:24
(Jn. 5:24 NASB) Truly, truly, I say to you, he who hears My word, and believes Him who sent Me, has eternal life, and does not come into judgment, but has passed out of death into life.
Regarding this verse, Merrill C. Tenney writes, “The assurance of salvation does not begin at death or at a future judgment. ‘He has crossed over’ is in the perfect tense, which indicates an accomplished transit and a settled state.”[1] Note that this passage explains a past event. In other words, our salvation is accomplished at the point of conversion.
John 6:37-40
(Jn. 6:37-40 NASB) All that the Father gives Me will come to Me, and the one who comes to Me I will certainly not cast out. 38 For I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me. 39 This is the will of Him who sent Me, that of all that He has given Me I lose nothing, but raise it up on the last day. 40 For this is the will of My Father, that everyone who beholds the Son and believes in Him will have eternal life, and I Myself will raise him up on the last day.”
Jesus explains that he will not cast out anyone that comes to him, and here, he promises that he will not lose anyone that comes to him.
John 10:27-29
(Jn. 10:27-30 NASB) My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me; 28 and I give eternal life to them, and they will never perish; and no one will snatch them out of My hand. 29 My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand.
Jesus promises that his sheep will never perish, and no one can snatch them out of his hand. Thus it sounds like divine power protecting the believer from losing their salvation. Theologian Millard Erickson writes,
Verse 28 is especially emphatic… In the clause ‘and they shall never perish,’ John uses the double negative ou me with the aorist subjunctive, which is a very emphatic way of declaring that something will not happen in the future. Jesus is categorically excluding the slightest chance of an apostasy by his sheep. A literal translation would be something like: ‘They shall not, repeat, shall not, ever perish in the slightest.’ …All in all, this passage is as definite a rejection of the idea that the true believer can fall away as could be given.”[2]
D.A. Carson writes,
The focus is not on the power of the life itself, but on Jesus’ power… To think otherwise would entail the conclusion that Jesus had failed in the explicit assignment given him by the Father, to preserve all those given to him. The ultimate security of Jesus’ sheep rests with the good shepherd.”[3]
1 Corinthians 1:8
(1 Cor. 1:8 NASB) Who will also confirm you to the end, blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.
The Greek word for “confirm” is bebaioō (pronounced bay-bye-AHH-oh). This was a word used for confirming or guaranteeing legal contracts. The fact that Paul used this word for the carnal Corinthians speaks greatly in favor of eternal security.
Hebrews 7:25
(Heb. 7:25 NASB) Therefore He is able also to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.
Here the author of Hebrews points out that Christ continually intercedes for the sins of believers.
1 John 5:13
(1 Jn. 5:13 NASB) These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may know that you have eternal life.
Romans 8:1, 29
(Rom. 8:1, 29 NASB) Therefore there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus… For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined to become conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren
Advocates of eternal security point out that if a believer loses their salvation, then there is condemnation for those who are in Christ, which seems precluded by this verse. Moreover, if God knew that you would fall away, then he would never put you “in Christ” in the first place.
1 Peter 1:3-5
(1 Pet. 1:3-5 NASB) Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 4 to obtain an inheritance which is imperishable and undefiled and will not fade away, reserved in heaven for you, 5 who are protected by the power of God through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
Here Peter seems to say that our salvation is protected by the power of God himself. If we lose our salvation, this would mean that God failed in his work.
Ephesians 1:13-14
(Eph. 1:13-14 NASB) In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation—having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, 14 who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God’s own possession, to the praise of His glory.
(Eph. 4:30 NASB) Do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.
The Greek word for “sealed” is sphragizo,[4] which was commonly used to refer to a royal seal. A. Skevington Wood writes, “It [the seal] was affixed to a document to guarantee its genuineness. It was attached to goods in transit to indicate ownership and ensure protection. It also represented a designation of office in the state service.”[5] Craig Blomberg adds, “Believers are ‘sealed,’ just like an official scroll was kept rolled up by wax insignia joining its two ends together.”[6]
In addition, Paul uses the concept of a pledge to explain the believer’s security in Christ. Craig Blomberg writes, “Just as individuals who buy something expensive may pay only a portion of its cost ‘up front’ as a pledge that they will supply the rest at a later date… In modern Greek the word can refer to an engagement ring.”[7] Of course, as Blomberg explains, an engagement ring is the modern usage of the word pledge—not the ancient use (c.f. 2 Cor. 1:22; 5:5).
Philippians 1:6
(Phil. 1:6 NASB) For I am confident of this very thing, that He who began a good work in you will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus.
Paul explains that Christ is the author of our salvation, and he will carry it out to completion.
submitted by ExchangeEven to Christianity [link] [comments]


2020.08.28 12:58 wayemason New Enewsletter - Centre Plan R1 compared to ER1, secondary suites public hearing, Coronavirus Update #35, more

New Enewsletter - Centre Plan R1 compared to ER1, secondary suites public hearing, Coronavirus Update #35, more
Some folks have been getting emails or seeing social media posts that seem to show big changes proposed in the R1 zones in the Centre Plan. I’m going to try and show what is changing and what is not, but really what I think is surprising to the people who have called me is how permissive the rules are on the peninsula already.
Right now the R1 zone in the Peninsula Land Use Bylaw, South End Detail Area Plan (adopted around 1982) allows these uses:
  • Up to three-unit conversion in some areas if the home has not changed envelop since 1982
  • Daycare Up to 14 kids
  • Special Care home up to 10 people including staff
  • Office and/or home occupation
  • Boarding house up to 3 boarders (unregistered)
  • Boarding house up to bedroom limit if registered
  • Bed and Breakfast up to 3 bedrooms
  • Chicken keeping no limits or controls
If adopted the ER1 zone in the Centre Plan would allow:
  • Up to three-unit conversion in some areas (I am suggesting the same date of 1982 has to be used)
  • Secondary suite or backyard suite (up to 5.5 meters, or 18') permitted on most lots (has to meet the rules for a garage)
  • If backyard suite is built, maximum conversion drops from 3 units to 2 units
  • Daycare Up to 14 people (including staff) if owner-occupied
  • Small shared housing use (more info on this below)
  • Local commercial on corners on the ground floor (I have already said this has to go in my opinion)
  • Office and/or home occupation
  • Bed and Breakfast up to 3 bedrooms
  • Urban farms, beekeeping, chicken keeping (up to 10 hens per lot, no roosters)
Shared Housing Use is proposed for a dwelling unit that contains 4 or more bedrooms that:
  1. are rented for remuneration as separate units for residential accommodation;
  2. provide medical care for the occupants of the dwelling unit, such as nursing care;
  3. are licensed under the Homes for Special Care Act; or
  4. are operated by a non-profit organization or a registered Canadian charitable organization that provides support services to the occupants of the dwelling unit.
A shared housing use does not include: a multi-unit dwelling use, a hotel use, a bed and breakfast use, or any other tourist accommodation as defined under the Tourist Accommodation Registration Act.
Under proposed Package B – the scale of share housing uses in ER zones is controlled by:
  • Defining and only allowing ‘small shared housing uses’ - containing up to 10 bedrooms;
  • Ensuring shared housing uses are subject to the same building form, setback and lot requirements;
  • Prohibiting shared housing and some uses from locating on the same lot (i.e. can’t have both shared housing and home daycare etc. ) (LUB section 61); and
  • Including small shared housing in the max bedroom count requirements – as copied below.
And critical to make sure houses are not turned into off-campus dorms is the Maximum Bedroom Counts in Low-Density Dwellings. The following limits on the total number of bedrooms apply to all low-density dwelling uses in ER-3, ER-2, and ER-1 zones, including small shared housing, uses, as follows:
  1. single-unit dwelling use: 6 bedrooms per lot;
  2. semi-detached dwelling use: 4 bedrooms per unit;
  3. townhouse dwelling use: 4 bedrooms per unit;
  4. two-unit dwelling use: 4 bedrooms per unit;
  5. three-unit dwelling use: 9 bedrooms per lot; and
  6. four-unit dwelling use: 10 bedrooms per lot.
All bedrooms in a secondary suite use or a backyard suite use shall be counted toward the bedroom limits.
New info sheets on backyard/granny suites are coming in September, and a clearer comparison between R1, R2, and ER1, ER2 and ER3 is being prepared for the public ER stakeholder presentation posted on-line does make a few side by side comparisons. Please see the follow link, slides 14-17. https://www.shapeyourcityhalifax.ca/1041/widgets/5965/documents/28938
So that is a lot of detail, and of course, Centre Plan Package B is far from being adopted, due to COVID delaying the public engagement. So I want to hear from you!
I think there is a lot of merit to this clearer approach to the residential zones, and the changes are minimal for District 7, given how permissive the detailed area plans already are. I also like the backyard and granny suite options if it does not go on top of allowed unit counts. [ Email me your thoughts.](mailto:[email protected])
Due to the diligent work by Lorelei Nicoll, Cole Harbour Councillor and Chair of the Transportation Standing Committee, in-ground crosswalk signs are being tested at five school crosswalk locations. Staff describes them this way:
In-ground crosswalk signs are intended to enhance the conspicuity of school crosswalk locations. The idea behind the development of these types of signs is that signs in the street are more noticeable than signs on the side of the road.
The in-ground crosswalk signs are currently being implemented in the Halifax region on a trial basis at five school crosswalk locations through the Strategic Road Safety Plan. This trial period will test the durability of the signs when left in place for long periods of time, and determine whether they can withstand impacts by snowplows and other vehicles.
If the results of the trial are favourable, the signs may be considered for other school crosswalk locations where there is a demonstrated need.
I saw these in Portland Maine four years ago, and have been a fan ever since. Thank you Lorelei for championing this, more speed radar signs and more rapid flashing beacon installations like the one that was installed this month at Preston/Jubilee.

Public Hearings

Public Hearing - Accessory Dwelling Units All Residential Areas of HRM (Secondary and Backyard Suites) Tuesday, September 1, 6 pm and Thursday, September 3, 6 pm as needed Virtual Hearing
On September 1, 2020 at 6:00 p.m. (and Thursday, September 3, 2020 at 6:00 p.m. if more time is needed) Halifax Regional Council will hold a virtual public hearing on allowing Secondary and Backyard Suites (also called accessory dwelling units) in all residential areas of HRM.
WHAT ARE SECONDARY AND BACKYARD SUITES?
Secondary suites - are separate dwelling units that are completely contained within a home. They are often referred to as in-law suites or basement apartments.
Backyard suites - are separate free-standing buildings, either built overtop an accessory structure like a garage, or simply on their own. They are often referred to as granny suites, carriage flats and could be in the form of a tiny house.
Secondary and Backyard suites can be used by aging parents or adult children or can be used as rental units for the general public. The diagram below shows typical arrangements on a residential property.
https://preview.redd.it/hm93sw4k5qj51.png?width=644&format=png&auto=webp&s=3685b6b3663f573d6d94906479be2d1aff8587ef
Residents who wish to participate in the public hearing may forward a written submission no later than 3:00 p.m. on September 1, 2020 or register to speak no later than 4:30 p.m. on Monday, August 31, 2020.
Detailed information regarding the proposed changes and how to participate can be found here: https://www.shapeyourcityhalifax.ca/allowing-secondary-suites-as-a-permitted-use
Halifax Regional Council Tuesday, September 1, 2020, 10 am Virtual Meeting https://www.halifax.ca/city-hall/agendas-meetings-reports?category=140
Halifax and West Community Council Tuesday, September 8, 6pm Virtual Public Hearing https://www.halifax.ca/city-hall/agendas-meetings-reports?category=140
Halifax Regional Council Tuesday, September 22, 2020, 10 am Virtual Meeting https://www.halifax.ca/city-hall/agendas-meetings-reports?category=140
Halifax Peninsula Planning Advisory Committee Monday, September 28, 2020, 4:30 pm Virtual Meeting https://www.halifax.ca/city-hall/agendas-meetings-reports?category=140
Halifax Regional Council Tuesday, September 29, 2020, 10 am Virtual Meeting https://www.halifax.ca/city-hall/agendas-meetings-reports?category=140

Community Events

Halifax to Beirut Fundraiser I can’t bear to edit this amazing email, so here it is: My name is Jaden Lawen and I am a 17-year-old student from Halifax. I am writing to you today with the hope that you will consider donating to a Lebanese relief fund that I have initiated in partnership with the Red Cross. My initiative was put together out of my desire to help all the people affected by the catastrophic blast. My website is linked with more information and donations can be made directly on the website. In the last 5 days, I have raised over $40,000 and I am asking you for help to make this number grow. Thank you for your consideration! https://halifaxtobeirutwithlove.ca/
Taking BLK Gottingen August 29 Sat 12:00 noon Gottingen Street Gottingen Street is being taken over by local Black Businesses inside of various Gottingen Street business locations. These businesses will offer food, fashion, wellness products and more. Come experience the North End, celebrate its diversity and support all of our African Nova Scotian entrepreneurs https://www.facebook.com/events/743763263057213
Live Statue Friday, September 4, 2:00pm Halifax Public Gardens At 2:00 PM and 3:00 PM a Live Statue will pose for one half hour as Diana, Roman Goddess https://www.facebook.com/events/220574529363962/
Victoria Park Labyrinth Victoria Park at Spring Garden Sundays until October 4 (unless it is raining). Every Sunday afternoon a labyrinth is being set up at Victoria Park on the grass for anyone who wishes to walk it. It is a place to let go of daily preoccupations, to consciously be present. It is a project supported by the Cathedral Church of All Saints but offered to the community.
A little background might be in order. During the tumultuous and painful events of the past several months - COVID-19, Portapique, the protests following the murder of George Floyd, the healing walks held for Chantal Moore and other missing and murdered Indigenous peoples, and so much more, it became increasingly apparent that we are not separate entities -what happens to one has a ripple effect on others.
With so many people in distress, and isolation easing somewhat, the labyrinth is being set up weekly to provide a means to counteract stress and anxiety. Here, we are able to breathe, walk, relax, meditate, pray. It is a place of welcome for all. Labyrinths are universal across cultures and faiths (or no faiths) and are tools for meditation, for mindfulness, for healing, for wellness.
We chose Victoria Park for its proximity to hospitals, universities and shopping areas in an area where many people travel on foot. It is a tranquil location under a canopy of trees that provides shade and promotes an awareness of creation. In this space of harmony, we are able to renew ourselves. It is also a place to listen to the stories of others, to perhaps be more ok with being “uncomfortable” with new viewpoints, ideas.
We are distancing, allowing one person or "household" group on the labyrinth at one time, using masks, if needed, for conversation. We ask people to remove their shoes to protect the labyrinth.

Coronavirus Update #36 – post-secondary update, HRCE school facility rental update

I know a lot of residents are concerned about both out of bubble students as well as the potential for COVID transmission at parties and gatherings.
From what I’ve seen the universities all have the same messaging and it is very strong.
Out of Province and testing As you have heard in the news students from out of province will have to isolate for 14 days and be tested for COVID three times.
Students will receive the email with their clinic date/times locations etc as attached from the booking office with what they need to do.
If a student requires support to get to and from the clinic (lives off-campus, outside of walking/cycling distance) they will respond to the email that they require transportation support. Some students for short radius may walk or cycle, those beyond will have a cab provided, transit use is not permitted.
The messaging is clear on the expectations while in isolation, and what is not permitted.
Social Gatherings and Parties Public health rules and directions apply to students. For example:
  • Everyone must stay 2 metres / 6 feet apart unless they are in the same household or a close social group of up to 10 people
  • Masks must be worn on public transportation:
    • municipal transit buses and ferries
    • school buses
    • motorcoaches (except those that provide charters or tours)
    • transit vehicles o private taxis and shuttles
  • Masks must be worn in most indoor public places – on campus, that means public areas such as the library, student union building or common areas of a faculty building, but not classrooms, labs, offices or residences.
Full student info sheet here: https://novascotia.ca/coronavirus/docs/COVID-19_post-secondary_fact_sheet.pdf
So there should be no ragers as we may sometimes see during the back to school period, but students will still be able to gather 10 at a time with the same folks per these rules.
If you feel a gathering is exceeding these guidelines please report it to the Halifax Regional Police via police non-emergency 902.490.5020.
No use of HRCE School Facilities Nova Scotia’s Back to School plan has several, layered public health measures in place when students and staff return to school. This includes limiting the number of outside visitors in school building. The plan also states that, “Use of schools after hours by other organizations will be limited.”
To support the plan and protect our shared health, the Halifax Regional Centre for Education will not accommodate external evening bookings of school facilities for the period between September 2020 and December 2020, we will reassess through the fall and work with our recreation partners to create a plan for safe access to the schools. We look forward to welcoming groups back into our facilities when it is safe to resume this practice.
submitted by wayemason to halifax [link] [comments]


2020.08.27 04:22 SonoftheAegis Pelinor Corbray, the Forlorn Knight, Lord Commander of the Queensguard

Meta Information
Character Name: Pelinor Corbray
Starting Title(s): Lord Commander of the Queensguard
Age: 32 - Born 350 AC
Physical Description: Pelinor Corbray is the very picture of the noble knight - tall, broad-shouldered and handsome. His brown hair is worn long, down to his collarbone, and his neat beard is cropped short. He has an angular face, softened by kind green eyes: but these days, those eyes are full of sadness. Rarely is Pelinor out of his white cloak, taking pride in his position as Lord Commander. The cloak is always fastened by a brooch in the shape of a silver raven clutching a ruby in its talons - a personal gift from the late King.
Starting Location: King's Landing
Attribute: Strong
Skill Points: 20
Skills: Weapon Proficiency (Swords, Shields), Footwork, Skirmishing, Entertainment (Poetry)
Mastery: Duellist
CHA MAR COM INT STE STA EDU MAG
5 5 10
Username: SonoftheAegis
Discord Username: justinkayce#3226
Other Characters: n/a
Basic Information
Birth Name: Pelinor Corbray
Titles: Lord Commander of the Queensguard
Gender: Male
Date of Birth: 11th Moon of 350 AC
Location: King's Landing
Culture: Andal
Religion: Faith of the Seven
Affiliations: The Queen, House Tyrell of King's Landing, House Corbray, House Arryn
Eye Color: Green
Hair Color: Brown
Height: 6'
Weight: Broad, Strong
Liege: Queen Myrcella II Tyrell
Predecessor: Undecided as of right now
Heir: Decided by the Queen
Appearance and Character
See above for appearance.
Before the King's death, Pelinor strived to be the best of knights. Kind and chivalrous, Pelinor always made time for people, and has always done his best to pay attention to the little people. An extrovert and an easy charmer, he has earned quite the reputation for his skill at poetry, and is almost at ease at an afternoon soiree as he is upon the battlefield - for much of his life, Pelinor has been the very picture of the maiden's fantasy, a famed warrior and a charming and artistic man to boot. As a Lord Commander, Pelinor demonstrates a surprising amount of hardness, believing that good service is its own reward within the Queensguard, and having little patience for his brothers if they do not strive to exceed their duties as he does. Since Garlan's death, Pelinors determination to be a great Lord Commander has become an obsession, heightening his high expectations, and he watches over Myrcella like a hawk.
However, Pelinor is not without his faults, and every man fails to live up to the ideal. Much of his lively personality has been dampened since the King's death. Pelinor is much a shadow of his former self, melancholic and wistful. That he doesn't sleep much is evident from the bags under his eyes, and the worried whispers of his brothers, who make full note of the Lord Commander's hours. As well, to his great shame, Pelinor has a fearsome temper when roused, a flaw he tries to control as much as he can. It is a grim secret that many who have clashed with the Lord Commander in battle have tried to offer surrender, only to be met with a brutal thrust of Lady Forlorn.
History
Pelinor was born in 350 AC, to Ser Lewyn Corbray, heir of Heart’s Home, and his wife Amanda Grafton. Pelinor was the youngest of five children; after the long ago tentative succession of the Corbrays with the succession of the unwed Lyn after the mysterious death of his brother, House Corbray seemed finally secure. Heart’s Home was a busy castle, and Pelinor was never lonely with his family; whether he was toddling after his elder brothers, or playing with his father’s ward Gerold, a boy his own age who would fast become like a brother. The first tragedy came when Pelinor was seven years old; an illness had swept through Heart’s Home, leaving his grandfather, Lord Petyr, and oldest brother Gawen dead. Heartbreaking as it was, Lewyn Corbray stepped up to the lordship ably, beginning a great rule as Lord. Lewyn had always been good friends with Osric Arryn, heir to the Eyrie, and when Pelinor was old enough his father secured him a position as Osric’s page and squire.
Much would happen in the seemingly few short years that marked Pelinor’s teens. In 362, the Burned Men struck, slaying his older brother Gwayne as he travelled through the Mountains of the Moon to officially meet his betrothed in the Vale, taking Lady Forlorn from his corpse and leaving Pelinor as heir - his elder brother Galad had already taken the Septon’s oath. Pelinor, as Osric’s squire, took part in the Burning of the Burned Men. The violence he saw both horrified and invigorated the young boy - revealing both a desire to be a true knight, better than that, and a realisation that a true anger problem burnt within him. Seeing the Burned Men punished for killing Gwayne, Lady Forlorn returned, had pleased him,, and that worried him. He had little time to dwell on it, however, as the Falcon’s Gambit erupted soon after, with House Corbray simultaneously tying itself closer and closer to the Arryns. Lord Lewyn was raised to High Steward soon after War of the Burned men, and arranged that Pelinor’s sister Lucea would marry Osric after the death of his first wife… making Lucea the Lady of the Vale soon after, when Lord Uther died peacefully after the Falcon’s Gambit. Seeing the North and the Vale squabble so over the Sisters made Pelinor understand the importance of the King’s Peace - a pointless war would do that. While squiring in the Eyrie, Pelinor would also uncover his own deepest secret, after an especially handsome mule handler caught his eye. A whirlwind romance, a kiss in the stables, would make Pelinor realise he wasn’t attracted to women. In his head, he wasn’t normal, and vowed to never reveal it to anyone, only confessing it to his close friend Gerold Stone. He certainly had no interest in courting any of the noblewomen of the Vale, a fact that weighed on his father - Pelinor was the heir now, after all.
Pelinor was knighted in 368, and would return home to Heart’s Home after to get experience of rule while his father remained in the Eyrie as High Steward. Pelinor swiftly found himself unsuited to rule, having no head for numbers, and struggling with the day to day tedium of rule. He was ashamed to admit that he was relieved when peace didn’t last. The reign of Osric Arryn was rejuvenating the Vale, and in 370 AC the Snakewood erupted into conflict as a result. A local band of bandits had integrated themselves into local rule, practically taking over villages along the coast of the great bay that Heart’s Home lay upon. With Lord Lewyn in the Eyrie and the wars transpiring, no local noble had even noticed until one village dared to defy and was massacred as a result. A short guerilla war followed, with the bandits erupting against Corbrays, Lynderlys, and other local lords with surprising numbers - even calling in a fleet of pirates from the Stepstones to assist them. While Lewyn returned home to arrange the defence of the bay, it was Pelinor who would lead the forces of the combined Vale knights to skirmish through the Snakewood, hanging every last bandit he could get his hands upon as his fearsome wrath got the better of him once more.
With the threat dealt with, Pelinor was sent to the capital by Lord Osric to report to the Hand of the King on the pirates, and give warning that the Stepstones were getting bold again. While the King proved a disappointment, between Pelinor’s tale of victory, his good looks, and his growing reputation as a skilled knight, Pelinor earned the brief attention of the court - including the young Prince Garlan, heir to the throne, and Pelinor always suspected it was on Garlan’s suggestion that Pelinor was offered the white cloak. He knew he shouldn’t have - he was heir, but Pelinor jumped at the opportunity to become one of the greatest knights in the realm. It was unfortunate that Lord Lewyn would die in a freak accident soon after, leaving Lucea and her Arryn children as heirs.
Pelinor was crushed, horrified that he had ruined his family and their legacy, and for the first couple of years as a Kingsguard he was despondent. It wasn’t until a hunt two years on when he found light again; as he watched over the Crown Prince, their growing friendship finally blossomed into something more, and both men confessed their attraction to each other. Pelinor was terrified to begin with, horrified that he was breaking his oath, and what the King might do to him as a result. It was Garlan who soothed him, promising Pelinor he would keep him protected. Their relationship blossomed into love quickly, and while both kept it secret, some would come to find out - such as Mace Wildflowers, Garlan’s closest friend, who would become close friends with Pelinor as well. Now Pelinor had purpose, he could concentrate on being a Kingsguard, and a good one at that, becoming close with many of his brothers. When Garlan ascended the throne, Pelinor was eternally at the King’s side, earning an almost storybook reputation within the court. He even liked court life, Pelinor adapting well to the capital, embracing the higher level of culture gladly - as much as his brother’s teased him when he started to write poetry, Pelinor became a skilled poet, or good enough for Garlan, anyhow.
The War of the Last Dragon shattered Pelinor’s idyllic life. With the King in eternal danger, Pelinor once more never left Garlan’s side, with him until the final battle, occasionally commanding a flanking action with his martial experience before returning to Garlan as swiftly as he could. Even when all hope seemed lost with more than half the Kingsguard dead, Pelinor fought with a terrible fury, refusing to lose his King, cutting down any of the Golden Company who approached the King - including Imry Strong. Victory was unexpected, but the greatest relief he had ever felt, and it was on the battlefield, in the aftermath, that Garlan raised his friend and loved to be his Lord Commander. It was all that Pelinor had ever dreamed of, and life seemed too good to be true - until tragedy struck once more, and illness took the love of his life mere months after they returned to King’s Landing.
Recent Events
Pelinor Corbray is a broken man. The great knight is listless, despondent, and spends an unhealthy amount of time at the tomb of the King. He fulfills his duties with a coldness, but a determination that Myrcella shall not die on his watch. He will not fail the man he loved.
Timeline
  • 350 AC - Pelinor Corbray is born to Lord Lewyn Corbray and Lady Amanda Grafton
  • 360 AC - Pelinor begins work as a page, and then a squire, for Ser Osric Arryn
  • 362 AC - The death of his elder brother Gwayne leaves Pelinor as heir. He accompanies Osric Arryn into the mountains for the War of the Burned Men
  • 363 AC - Pelinor kills his first man, witnesses the massacre of the mountain clansmen
  • 364-366 AC - Pelinor witnesses the Falcon’s Gambit, and sees the danger of a weak Iron Throne and the wars that result from that
  • 368 AC - Pelinor is knighted, and returns to Heart’s Home to rule in his father’s name
  • 370-371 AC - Bandits and pirates attack the bay that Heart’s Home lies on, and Pelinor drives them out
  • 372 AC - Pelinor goes to the capital, and is made Kingsguard. His father dies.
  • 374 AC - Pelinor falls in love with a King. It is, fortunately, mutual.
  • 378 AC - The War of the Last Dragon begins, and Pelinor defends his King
  • 381 AC - The war is won, and Pelinor is made Lord Commander. The King dies soon after, and Pelinor is crushed
Family Tree
Auxiliary Character Meta Information
Auxiliary Character Name: Lucea Corbray
Starting Title(s): Lady of Heart's Home and the Eyrie
Age: 36
Physical Description: Carrying the traditional lean looks of the Corbrays, Lucea is less beautiful than she is handsome - a face of angles, hard green eyes, framed by her family's traditional chestnut hair. She carries herself with a straight-backed pride; Lucea Corbray is the most powerful woman in the Vale, and she knows it.
Starting Location: The Eyrie
Attribute: Imperious
Skill Points: 14
Skills: Intimidation, Counter-Intelligence, Espionage, Silver Tongue
CHA MAR COM INT STE STA EDU
7 7
Auxiliary Character Biography:
Lucea Corbray never expected to wield the power she does. Born in 347 AC, Lucea would watch family die tragically time and time again, and swiftly convinced herself she would never allow her family, Corbray or otherwise, to be hurt again. The first surprise in her life was marrying Osric Arryn, an even greater surprise coming when she realised her eventual love for him. The second surprise came when her fool brother Pelinor took the white, and Lucea was forced to watch her father die before her eyes - an accident with an angry mule as he neared the top of the Eyrie, Lewyn Corbray sacrificing himself for one of the mule hands, and leaving Lucea the lady of Heart’s Home and the Lady of the Eyrie.
A hard woman, Lucea has raised her son Gunthor to be her heir, but her family’s legacy is uncertain even to her. Her and Osric have never fully agreed on whether Gunthor will succeed as a Corbray or as an Arryn, and Lucea knows full well that her cousin would wish nothing more than to rule Heart’s Home as a true Corbray. She knows she will find a solution, but as ever, things must be balanced.
submitted by SonoftheAegis to awoiafrp [link] [comments]


2020.08.26 23:44 Arthanias Bannerlord Early Access - Mainline 1.5.0 & Beta Branch 1.5.1 Patch Notes

Greetings, Peasants.

CURRENT MAINLINE PATCH: e1.5.0

CURRENT BETA BRANCH: 1.5.1

Welcome to the patch thread, we make these threads to save us another pin space for other things.

Taleworlds forum bug reporting thread

Mount and Blade Discord

Link to wiki - Previous patches and threads inside

Main

Versions

Native: e1.5.0
SandboxCore: e1.5.0
Sandbox: e1.5.0
Storymode: e1.5.0
CustomBattle: e1.5.0

Latest Changes:

Fixed a crash at the MP lobby login.
Reverted some save and load-related changes that were causing issues with non-Latin characters.
Gamescom related preparations.
Fixed a load-related issue with the movement tutorial.

Previous Beta Hotfixes:

26/08/20

Leaving a faction while in an army is now fixed.
Fixed a crash that occurred when joining a kingdom as a vassal while being employed as a mercenary for the same kingdom.
Fixed a crash that occurred when Lord Wants Rival Captured quest was cancelled by a declaration of war.
Fixed a bug that caused the total issue count to be less and less over time.
Added meshes for the Highland Mail Shirt and Highland Mail Shoulders.
Clan game map selection list now consists of up-to-date maps.
Fixed an issue with white textures.
Fixed a Save & Load crash related to settlements that do not have an owner.
Fixed a bug that caused notables (mainly village notables) to disappear after some time.
Fixed a bug that caused a settlement ownership kingdom decision to trigger for enemy settlements if they were reclaimed before the vote took place.
Players can now only enter empty settlements if they are owned by their faction: the gate will now be down for enemy settlements, even if they don't have a garrison.
Fixed a bug with neutral heroes trying to create parties.
Fixed a bug in the loading order which led to instability after loading. This should resolve issues with "ghost" armies.

24/08/20

Fixed a crash that occurred while creating village issues.
Fixed an issue that caused the scene snow calculation to be misaligned with the campaign map.
Fixed a crash that occurred when talking to a companion after clearing an alley.
Fixed the swing speed of the Battania Axe.
Fixed a crash that occurred when an army sieges a settlement.
Fixed a crash that happened when the player tried to open the encyclopedia page for "Radagos' Raider.
Fixed a crash that occurred during tournament missions.
Clan tags are not added to player names that already have that tag.
Players can now see the clan leaderboard when they are creating clan games.
Fixed an issue that caused the player to be unable to end battles when enemies were fleeing.
Fixed Vlandia and Empire Heavy Infantry default shields.
Changed Voulgier two-handed Sword Perk to Sword and Shield Perk.
Slightly lowered Voulgier armour.

21/08/20

Clan names with white-spaces in them are now correctly validated.
Fixed a crash occurs when Chaikand is under siege.
Fixed a crash on load screen when there is a corrupt save.
Fixed a crash that occurred while fistfighting in TDM games.

20/08/20

Fixed the missing shader issues. This will fix the long loading screens and eventual freeze and/or crash after it.
Fixed a bug that caused a crash while preparing tooltips for villages in the town management popup.
Fixed the issue with the matchmaker that forced everyone to play on EU servers for a while. Sorry for the inconvenience!
Fixed a bug that caused expand tooltip [ALT] key to not work properly.
Fixed an issue that caused Left Mouse Click to be assigned whenever the player tried to rebind a key.
Fixed an issue with the unverified dll caution popup.
The create a premade game button is now enabled correctly.
Various world map navigation mesh errors have been fixed.
Added the missing loading images of the two new skirmish maps.
Added a deleted Battanian armour and shoulder piece.
Fixed the issue with being able to equip the billhook as a one-handed weapon.
Whitespaces can now be used in clan names.
UI fixes for the clan tab on the multiplayer Lobby.
Fixes and improvements to formation AI behaviours.
Chinese localisation fixes.
Fixed the issue of randomly disconnecting from the lobby while playing multiplayer.

Initial Beta Changelog

Beta

Versions

Native: e1.5.1
SandboxCore: e1.5.1
Sandbox: e1.5.1
Storymode: e1.5.1
CustomBattle: e1.5.1

Singleplayer

Crashes

Two end of battle crashes were fixed.
Fixed an issue with dead agents dropping equipment that was causing the game to crash.
Fixed a crash that occurred after arena practice fights.
Fixed a crash that was caused by garrisons without a bound settlement.
Fixed a crash that occurred due to a dialogue condition in the main storyline.
Fixed a crash that was related to corporal punishment.

Save & Load

Added a notification that informs the player that the game was successfully quicksaved.

Localisation

Updated Chinese translations.
Turkish translation updates.
Minor text and punctuation fixes.

Art

Fixed a visual issue with an Aserai Helmet
Horse_harness_a, horse_harness_roman_b and horse_harness_saxon have been remastered. Brought to your service under the names Saddle of Aeneas, Fortuna's Choice and Celtic Frost.
Added new Battanian chainmail armour.
Fixed some clipping issues on civilian clothes.
Updated some spear fur guard meshes for better aesthetics and optimized crafting spear pieces for future updates.
Fixed a bug where arrows went through some solid pots instead of getting stuck.
Improved on some of the Aserai and Vlandia village scenes.

Animations

Added new death animations for camel riders.

UI

Changes

Added missing troop tier and type icons to the new hideout troop selection popup
The selected skill now stays the same when the current character is changed in character developer screen for easier comparison

Fixes

Fixed a bug that caused a crash while preparing tooltip for villages in the town management popup.
Fixed some localization bugs in the encyclopedia.
Fixed a bug that caused development stats for items to be visible in item tooltip (Culture, StringId).
Fixed a bug that caused selected clan to change in Kingdom clan tab after supporting a clan.
Fixed an issue in character naming that didn't allow for 1 character names in Asian languages.
Fixed an issue that caused the raid icon to become visible in village nameplates when there is a battle happening nearby.

Battles and Sieges

Not being able to defend against ranged attacks when the Auto option was selected for blocking direction has been fixed.
AI will be less cautious while they are besieging settlements so the player has a greater chance to experience defensive sieges by breaking into a castle or town. In previous versions, the AI was giving up the siege in most scenarios when the player joined the defenders because of changed power ratios. Because of this sieges will also be won more frequently by defenders compared to past versions.

Character Development System

We have removed some of the starting equipment that was too strong or too expensive. This will create a more even starting point for each selection.
Added 24 for combat-related perks for Riding. This completes the perks for this skill.
Added 6 new campaign-related throwing perk.

Clan and Party

Starving parties healthy troops will be wounded 50% slower

Armies

AI changes its siege targets less frequently now so they lose less time while travelling from one target to another
Because of some bugs, weak factions were having problems in forming armies. Now they will form armies even if they are weak and they will not simply give up. In rare cases, some factions which have no settlements left will make comebacks by conquering a new settlement.

Kingdoms and Diplomacy

AI clans make their wapeace decisions more cleverly and take into account a broader range of situations. They generally do not want to face more than 1-2 enemies at the same time. So if they have lots of enemies they will try to make peace with some of them. This will reduce wiped out factions because in previous versions some factions were not giving logical decisions at diplomatic votings. Clans which have settlements that border the enemy will want peace more frequently. Similarly, they will not want wars in peace times. Rich kingdoms will not care about paying tribute as much as poor ones. If a faction has fewer men in garrisons or lord parties or if lots of settlements have food problems they will try to end the war with their recent enemies. There will be less snowballing due to all these changes because clans will try to act in the interest of their kingdom.

Settlement Actions (Town, Village, Castle and Hideout)

New "Barber" NPC added to the town centre of every town. For 100 denars, this NPC lets you decide on a new haircut. Depending on the culture of the town, these haircuts and beards can change.

Quests & Issues

Lord Needs Horses

Companions assigned for the alternative solution were not getting quest experience. This is fixed.
Added more detailed quest log entries for Lord Needs Horses quest.
Fixed an issue that caused the party encounter menu to pop up once the player finishes a conversation with the quest giver.
Minor faction leaders can no longer give Lord Needs Horses quest.

Landlord needs Manual Labor

Fixed a bug that allowed players to get infinite relation with the quest giver.
Fixed a bug that caused the counter offer NPC's dialogue to be wrong.
Defender and deserter parties spawned during Extortion by Deserters quest have their cultures set to the quest village's original culture.
Wrong usages of the gold transaction action were fixed in multiple parts of the code. This should fix wrong or missing logs.
Fixed a bug that causes dialogue counts to be wrong in Artisan Can't Sell Products quest.
Fixed a bug that prevents quest NPC's from sheathing their weapons after Family Feud quest fight.
Fixed duplicated persuasion dialogue text in Army of Poacher quest persuasion.
Fixed a bug that blocked quests from being completed with alternative (companion) solutions and made alternative solution companions disappear in some cases.
Fixed a bug that caused a Nearby Bandit Base quest to get stuck when players also had an active Needs Help With Bandits quest.

Conversations & Encounters

An issue with encounter side based logic was fixed. This caused the spawn points of heroes in hostile town and castle conversation missions to be reversed.
Fixed a bug that caused conversation buttons to become unresponsive after a bandit/looter party encounter.

Other

Tournaments will now use blunt weapons. Blunt weapons will make sure these events occur in a more friendly manner.
Fixed a bug that prevented removing corpses while ending a tournament round.
A new menu that notifies players about their situation has been added for cases where the village that they are staying in gets raided by someone else
Improvements for the automatic navmesh creation system were made
Fixed multiple encyclopedia log entries for 2 heroes meeting for the first time
Added a console command to disable day/night cycle.
Fixed a bug related to the atmosphere selection algorithm based on the location of the main map.

Multiplayer

Other - Miscellaneous

A player can from now on report the same player only 3 times per session.

UI

Added missing spear brace icons.

Both

Other

Couched lance and braced spear damages are reduced to a point where they are mainly effective with a high relative speed only.
First-person camera positioning is changed so that the clipping and being able to see the neck part of the body is significantly reduced.

Known Issues

submitted by Arthanias to mountandblade [link] [comments]


2020.08.25 18:32 SuperHotUKDeals Unit Converter (Pega Pro) - Premium temporarily FREE at Google Play Store

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submitted by SuperHotUKDeals to HotUKGamingDeals [link] [comments]


2020.08.24 19:04 King_Milkfart The history of privatization dates from Ancient Greece, when governments contracted out almost everything to the private sector.[8] In the Roman Republic private individuals and companies performed the majority of services including tax collection (tax farming), army supplies (military contractors),

The history of privatization dates from Ancient Greece, when governments contracted out almost everything to the private sector.[8] In the Roman Republic private individuals and companies performed the majority of services including tax collection (tax farming), army supplies (military contractors), submitted by King_Milkfart to drawing [link] [comments]


2020.08.24 14:38 ivenedeff THE EVOLUTION OF MONEY AND WALLET

THE EVOLUTION OF MONEY AND WALLET
There are different types of wallets and purses where people collect their money, credit/debit cards, loyalty cards, documents, and other small valuables. Nowadays, thanks to the evolution of technology, the wallet is on our mobile devices and it is getting easier and safer to use. But what was before the digital wallet and online money invention? Here is a short story to read.

https://preview.redd.it/1b16uiaz2yi51.jpg?width=5616&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=6250d2cd37ccc3b38b4e37fc89e949aa7e2adc06
From Bartering to Using Objects as an Exchange Currency
At the very begging, people did not need money and wallets at all, because they traded in a barter way. It is believed that Mesopotamia tribes were the first ones to exchanged goods and services for trading. People used to produce everything they need on their own. They exchanged food, animals, salt, weapons, utensils, and other goods for something else that they were not able to produce by themselves.
The first information for using money comes again from Mesopotamia in the late 2500 B.C. An inscription on ledger says that a trade was made by silver pieces. Depending on the evolution, culture, and location, people used different type of exchange currency:
· Stone money - used in Micronesian island. They look like a large doughnut-shaped carved disk, made of calcite and from 3.5 cm to 4 m diameter.
· Salt blocks – widely used all over the world. In the army of Julius Caesar, Roman legionaries received salt as a salary. It should also be noted that the English word "salary" was derived from the Latin word sal - "salt".
· Feather money – used at some of the islands in the Pacific Ocean. They consisted of a 9 meters strip of plant fibers covered with the red feathers of a local bird and often took the form of a double coil. The brighter these feathers, the more expensive they were in exchange.
First Usage of Coins and Paper Money
The first mention of money in the form of coins dates back to the 7th century BC. According to ancient written sources, the first coins represented an irregularly shaped metal plate with some drawings on them. They were used in circulation in the territory of the Kingdom of Lydia, in Asia Minor. They were made of gold or silver, and the engraved drawings on them determined their value. Gradually, coins spread throughout Greece and all over Europe.
The first coins made of base metals began to be produced and put into circulation around 600 BC. in China. The first paper money also appeared in China in 910, thanks to modern papermaking technology. The flourishing and expansion of paper money took place after 1440 when I. Gutenberg invented the first printing machine for the production of books, which soon started to be used for mass printing of money.
In ancient times people did not carry their exchange units in wallets. They wore big bags or small pouches with everything they need in it – food, clothes, tobacco, and other small valuables. Depending on the era and on the assumption for what is valuable and needs to be carried, wallets changed a lot.
Plastic Cards
In the middle of the 20th century, wallets changed even more with the introduction of credit and store cards. It began to resemble today’s look with a place for plastics, paper money, and coins. It started to be produced in fold-over to better fit pockets.
Plastic cards made us pay for goods and services with no physical cash nor coins. Everything started in America during the westward expansion in the 1800s. The local merchants gave credit to the farmers in the form of credit coins and charge plates. That allowed them to pay their bills later when they harvest their crops or sell their cattle. In the early 1900s, some of U.S. department stores and oil companies started to issue their own proprietary cards, that are believed to be the precursor to modern-day store cards.
The first universal credit card, which could be used at a variety of stores and restaurants, was introduced by the Diners’ Club, Inc., in 1950. 8 years later American Express replaced the cardboard and celluloid credit cards with plastique ones. Soon the company expanded its usage to other countries as well.

https://preview.redd.it/0f0puyvf3yi51.jpg?width=6048&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=5bfca2cd3d4f0233e17e26c5ba985bd127dc4d23
A later innovation was the bank credit card system. In the middle of the last century, many large banks started to launch the so-called consumer cards with a new twist of a credit line. The innovative idea was that users will not pay their dues at the end of each month but within an extended deadline. This was the birth of "revolving credit", which also meant that banks would profit from the delay of payments.
The Era of Digital Payments
With the rise of the Internet during the 1990s, online shopping and banking arrived on the scene. In the beginning, the online services were not that user friendly and it took a lot of time, specific encryption knowledge, and usage of data transfer protocols to benefit them. The first form of digital payments can be traced back to the early 1990s when a CD was sold over the internet through a credit card. In 1997 Coca Cola succeed to launch a few vending machines in Helsinki that let customers purchase a can via text messages. Though very different from modern-day e-wallet transactions, this is believed as the origin.
Digital Wallets
Nowadays, thanks to the evolution of financial technology, wallets are part of our phones. Digital wallets made consumer experience easier, safer, and faster. All information is encrypted and can only be accessed via a password or your fingerprint. Most of the time it is easier and faster than paying cash or swiping the card – you just have to hold your phone near the payment reader.
There are many digital wallets, offered online but our attention is attracted by iCard Digital Wallet app one. It comes with zero monthly fees and all transparent terms. It offers 2 individual IBAN accounts in a different currency and if needed, users also have the chance to open free additional accounts in all 7 currencies. It also comes with 2 free virtual cards for secure online purchasing, booking, and payments that could be controlled directly by phone.

https://preview.redd.it/y4ta2caq3yi51.jpg?width=5760&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=e3147de77820e45b2a858c45dcfa4b4fbcf1289c
Moreover, the app gives you a completely new way of payment experience. Now users could send instant and free money transfers to each other. QR code payments are also available. Another advantage is the opportunity to digitalize all barcode loyalty cards and use them directly by the phone. At the outlets where contactless payments are accepted, users just have to approach their phones to the reader and pay with ease. They could also benefit from free debit card iCard Visa with an innovative and stylish design.
There are more opportunities for the Bulgarians using it like shopping discounts, travel insurance, paying utility bills, and municipality taxes directly from the app, send donations for causes of charity for free, and many more. For more information on the digital wallet, please visit the website.
submitted by ivenedeff to u/ivenedeff [link] [comments]


2020.08.22 19:36 biggreekgeek Flatten the Curve. #50. PART 1. Jeffery Epstein & Espionage. Peter Thiel & Carbyne. Isreali Surveillance Tech & UAE. China Uyghurs Dentions & Erik Prince. Human Rights Watch; Similar Tech in China & Carbyne. Carbyne in the USA 911 SYSTEM. Michael Chertoff: Wrote Patriot Act + Carbyne Director.

Read Flatten the Curve Part 49. Link Here
Headlines. A line designed to get into your head. And it works, judging by the amount of circulation of conspiracy posts that help move those headlines that masquerade as revealing connections, but are merely propoganda headline clones being disseminated.
So lets get ahead of the lines before the lines get into your head.
Humans have two primary modes of communication; verbal and nonverbal. Nonverbal is body language. Body language on it's own can give you insight. Pairing verbal and nonverbal gives you the whole picture. Headlines are verbal. The content is nonverbal. That's how you get a glimpse of the bigger picture. But we can't look at each article as a completed part of the communicative process. That would be like only watching hand gestures while having a conversation with someone. The article isn't the subject, the event is the subject, and if the subject was person, then we have to find as many articles as we can to profile the body language and interpret the nonverbal communication.
Let me show you what I mean.
Offender Conspiracy Article Profilingcriminal article profiling, is an investigative strategy used by law enforcement agencies conspiracy theorists to identify likely suspects hidden motives and has been used by investigators conspiracy theorists to link cases subjects that may have been committed by the same perpetrator. Multiple crimes may be linked to a specific offender event and the profile may be used to predict the identified offender's conspiracy's future actions real intent. Criminal Profiling Here
And then.
Nonverbal communication (NVC) Multiple Article Profiling (MAP) • is the transmission of messages or signals through a nonverbal platform multiple article content searches (MACS) such as eye contact, facial expressions, gestures, posture, and the distance between two individuals, article source, differing information, dates, pov, and the connections between the sources. It includes the use of visual cues such as body language (content), distance (dates) and organizations/politicians, corporations, law enforcement, environmental issues, economics, and technology/AI. Original NVC Content Here
I have no doubt that the actors who have advanced copies of the script are using data algorithm aggregation that compiles the different content sources into a complete picture for them. We plebs aren't so lucky, we have to peruse and parse multiple sources to connect the dots. In essence, we are the plebs living in a technofuedal era before the invention of the modern Gutenberg technopress for the masses.
So let's throw on some work boots, grab a shovel, and start digging.
The Hacks and Muckrakers.
May 18, 2018: Vanity Fair • “We just got back from the Middle East,” he told a room full of Israelis, upon arriving in Jerusalem from Saudi Arabia last May. Source Here
May 22 2017: Slate • The President Just Told a Room of Israelis That He “Just Got Back From the Middle East” Source Here
Trump. The man's Presidency has come at a time where it's all starting to fall apart. And I can't help but think of Trump as Julius Caesar part two. A populist leader who threatened the establishment and upended the republic, paving the way for Augustus Caesar and the soft introduction of Roman empire, as it let the pretenses of being a Republic fade away. If you aren't familiar with that time of history, I would highly recommend doing so. There is more to my comparison that I'm not elaborating on, except to say, if you dig you will find someone else who loves Roman history, looks like a clone of Augustus, and we watched as he made rounds while articles suggested that he had aspirations of becoming President. Do I think that it'll happen soon? Probably not. History doesn't repeat itself, but it rhymes. And we're only at the start of the Hollow Men by T S *Eliot *.
December 14, 2016: Techcrunch • President-elect Donald Trump met with some of the most prominent executives from the tech industry today at Trump Tower, with investor Peter Thiel and Vice President-elect Mike Pence at his side. Trump opened the meeting with CEOs from Google, Microsoft, Apple, Amazon and others by thanking Thiel for his support. “I want to add that I am here to help you folks do well. And you’re doing well right now and I’m very honored by the bounce. They’re all talking about the bounce. So right now everybody in this room has to like me, at least a little bit,” Trump said, perhaps in reference to the fact that he received little support from Silicon Valley during his campaign. “We’re going to try to have that bounce continue. Perhaps even more importantly, we want you to keep going with the incredible innovation. There’s nobody like you in the world. There’s nobody like the people in this room and anything we can do to help this go along, we’re going to be there for you. You’ll call my people, you’ll call me, it doesn’t make any difference. We have no formal chain of command around here,” Trump said.
Interesting, wouldn't you say? No formal chain of command around here. They thanked Peter Thiel for his support. Ok. Maybe nothing, maybe something. Ok. It's something.
August, 2018 Articles: www.theverge.com • Trump claims Google is suppressing positive news about him.
www.cnbc.com • Trump: Facebook, Twitter, Google 'have to be careful'.
Stop the presses, because were getting squeezed and pasteurized. The tech leaders meet with Trump. They thank Thiel, suggesting that he organized the assembly. And then Trump starts bashing the Technocrats that he's meeting with? Nothing but Bread and Circus. Plain and simple.
June 27, 2017: Tech Transparency Project • No other company in America was as intimately tied to the Obama Administration and the Democratic Party during Barack Obama’s eight years in office than Google. Today the company is doing everything it can to restore the same cozy White House access it enjoyed under President Obama. Eric Schmidt has attended at least two meetings with Trump and attended a third White House meeting with tech leaders last Monday. At the same time, The Groundwork – a secretive Schmidt-funded startup that ran the Clinton campaign’s data operation – recently relaunched itself as a technology platform for liberal organizations working to fight the Trump Administration’s agenda. By all appearances, Google appears to be working overtime to both ingratiate itself with the Trump Administration while simultaneously cashing in on the “resistance” to Trump’s agenda. Source Here
By all appearances? He's working both sides? Trying to cash in? Really? Seriously? Let's break that down.
** 2020 • Eric Schmidt/Net worth: 15.3 billion USD. Call me crazy, but I don’t think a guy with 15 billion dollars is worried about "cashing in**". As I've stated numerous times, this is no longer about money, it's about control. That's imperative to understand. You don't worry about the money hidden under the mattress when you have a locked vault full of cash. Money is only an incentive for those who either don't have it or need more of it. Neither of those categories apply to Eric Schmidt.
So lets examine how badly the Tech guys and Trump aren't getting along, shall we?
March 2, 2016: Defense News • Google Executive Schmidt To Head New DoD Advisory Board. Source Here
Ah. He's working for the Pentagon to make it better. And this happens almost a full year before meeting with Trump. This doesn't look like someone playing both sides, this looks like a team player in a game that only has one team. This is political wrestling that would make Vince McMahon envious. If you want to dive deeper into how Eric Schmidt funded the non profit that started fake news, here's a previous Flatten the Curve post. Part #19
Attendees included Eric Schmidt and Larry Page of Google, Tim Cook of Apple, Satya Nadella and Brad Smith of Microsoft, Jeff Bezos of Amazon (who expressed his excitement that Trump’s administration could be “the innovations administration“), Safra Catz of Oracle, Chuck Robbins of Cisco and Sheryl Sandberg of Facebook. Thiel’s business partner, Palantir CEO Alex Karp, attended as well.
Those are big names and big companies. But they all hate Trump, right?
Thiel has been instrumental in shaping Trump’s approach to technology, helping assemble a list of candidates for technical roles in the upcoming administration and reportedly bringing David Sacks and other long-time associates to the transition team. During his speech at the Republican National Convention, Thiel talked about spreading the prosperity of Silicon Valley to other regions across the country and cited space travel as one of America’s great technological achievements. “Instead of going to Mars, we have invaded the Middle East,” Thiel said.
I should point out that Thiel and Musk started PayPal together.
November 24, 2019: Business Insider • What do the founders of YouTube, Yelp, Tesla, and LinkedIn have in common? Apart from leading massively disruptive technology companies, their founders all share a common resume line item: employment at PayPal. Known for their entrepreneurial mindset and anti-establishment attitude, this elite group is known as the "PayPal Mafia," and they all put in time during the payment platform's early days some 20 years ago. Source Here
Oh. And Pete's instrumental to creating Facebook. Thiel became Facebook's first outside investor when he acquired a 10.2% stake for $500,000 in August 2004. He sold the majority of his shares in Facebook for over $1 billion in 2012, but remains on the board of directors. And he funded Hulk Hogan's lawsuit to take down Gawker. Told ya, it's just political wrestling to entertain us.
However, one of the biggest proponents of travel to Mars, Elon Musk, has also been one of Trump’s most outspoken critics. Musk donated to Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign and frequently denounced Trump, saying that the former reality television star “doesn’t seem to have the sort of character that reflects well on the United States.” But since the election, Musk appears to have warmed up to Trump. He was a late addition to the invite list for today’s meeting. The transition team also announced this morning that Musk will join Trump’s strategic and policy forum, a group of business leaders that will serve as an advisory committee to the president-elect. Source Here
Musk and Trump, a marriage made in heaven. It's destiny, I tell you, destiny. Or an act (don't worry Elon, I haven't forgotten about you) designed to make us believe that somebody up there is fighting for us down here.
Yet the inclusion of the quote about Mars and War in the Middle East stands out, wouldn't you agree? And we have environmental collapse triggers happening. Riots happening. Why those riots are also happening in Beruit, aren't they? And Isreal and Saudi Arabia don't get along with Lebanon, or the Hezbollah. And President Trump went from Suadi Arabia to Isreal, didn’t he? And wasn't there an explosion there recently? Must all be a coincidence. Let's get back to Pete the magical Thiel and see what else Hulk Hogan's buddy is mixed up in.
He co-founded Valar Ventures in 2010, co-founded Mithril Capital, serving as investment committee chair, in 2012, and served as a partner at Y Combinator from 2015 to 2017. Through the Thiel Foundation, Thiel governs the grant-making bodies Breakout Labs and Thiel Fellowship, and funds nonprofit research into artificial intelligence, life extension and seasteading. A co-founder of The Stanford Review, he is a conservative libertarian who is critical of high government spending, high debt levels, and foreign wars. He has donated to numerous political figures. At the 2009 Singularity Summit, he said his greatest concern is the technological singularity not arriving soon enough. Source Here
Singularity. Not. Arriving. Soon. Enough. Call me paranoid and pass the tin foil hat, but what Matrix code is needed to decipher his words intent? Not soon enough for what? Better Netflix selection? The Alien invasion? Godzilla awakening because of Fukushima? Are the Decepticons already here? Or have they been downplaying the ELE that's approaching? I'll take ELE for a thousand, Alex.
So he's into AI (he backed Deepmind and OpenAI) and life extension. He went to Stanford. He's also going to have his body cryonically preserved. And his Palantir surveillance is, well, nottofreakyououtoranything, everywhere. Palantir's first backer was the Central Intelligence Agency's venture capital arm In-Q-Tel. Then Palantir became Big Brother. Literally. The Palantir clients include the CIA, DHS, NSA, FBI, CDC, the Marine Corps, the Air Force, Special Operations Command, West Point, the Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Organization and Allies, the Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board and the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. And Palantir is also being used by Banks, Hedge Funds, Financial Services, and other corporate clients.
Big Brother wants to be Palantir went it grows up.
Now, are you wondering why I started with Trump, Saudi Arabia and Isreal? Are you curious about how it goes from ex CEO of Google Eric Schmidt "playing" both sides of the fence to Palantir and Peter Thiel? Just sit right back and hold tight, cause I'm about to take you on a one way trip to a Brave New Normal World that's called 1984.
Warning. What you're about to read will make you forever question every officially sanctioned narrative. Trust me. Still game? Are you sure? Last chance. You're about to leave neverneverland and you can't go back. Alright. Let's go.
It's All Hidden In Plain Sight.
Let's talk about Epstein. Yep. Him. I've been strangely quiet about Jeffery haven't I? Nothing written about the Captain Pedo and his Amazing friends didn't mean there was nothing there, it just meant that I didn't find anything that indicated something deeper than a pedophile blackmail ring. And sex and political blackmail is as old as time itself. There's a reason they say the world's two oldest professions are prostitutes and politicians. Yet it turns out the professional pimp and the abducted teens may be playing a bigger role than we thought.
July 31, 2019: NY TIMES • Mr. Epstein’s vision reflected his longstanding fascination with what has become known as transhumanism: the science of improving the human population through technologies like genetic engineering and artificial intelligence. Critics have likened transhumanism to a modern-day version of eugenics, the discredited field of improving the human race through controlled breeding. Mr. Epstein’s ranch in New Mexico, which he confided to scientists and others he hoped to use as the site for seeding the human race with his DNA.
Welcome to the Island of Dr. Moreau. We're it's the monsters trying to make humans. Do you still think this was all about blackmail, cause it wasn't. Stop thinking in normal terms, because normal is dead, long live the New Normal.
At one session at Harvard, Mr. Epstein criticized efforts to reduce starvation and provide health care to the poor because doing so increased the risk of overpopulation, said Mr. Pinker, who was there. Mr. Pinker said he had rebutted the argument, citing research showing that high rates of infant mortality simply caused people to have more children.
Epstein criticized efforts to reduce starvation and provide health care. Hmmmm. My memory is foggy, but isn't there someone in Africa trying to provide health care and reduce starvation? Who could that be? Wasn't he into computers and had pictures taken on Epstein’s private jet? Wasn't it Bill Gates? Now why would Billy be hanging around someone who would vocally espouse an ideology that is completely antithetical to his stated humanitarian goals?
Also at the Indian Summer dinner, according to an account on the website of Mr. Brockman’s Edge Foundation, were the Google founders Sergey Brin and Larry Page and Jeff Bezos, who was accompanied by his mother.
Then there was Mr. Epstein’s interest in eugenics. Once, at a dinner at Mr. Epstein’s mansion on Manhattan’s Upper East Side, Mr. Lanier said he talked to a scientist who told him that Mr. Epstein’s goal was to have 20 women at a time impregnated at his 33,000-square-foot Zorro Ranch in a tiny town outside Santa Fe. Mr. Mr. Lanier, said he had the impression that Mr. Epstein was using the dinner parties to screen candidates to bear Mr. Epstein’s children. Mr. Epstein did not hide his interest in tinkering with genes — and in perpetuating his own DNA. Interviews with more than a dozen of his acquaintances, as well as public documents, show that he used the same tactics to insinuate himself into an elite scientific community, thus allowing him to pursue his interests in eugenics and other fringe fields like cryonics. One adherent of transhumanism said that he and Mr. Epstein discussed the financier’s interest in cryonics, an unproven science in which people’s bodies are frozen to be brought back to life in the future. Mr. Epstein told this person that he wanted his head and penis to be frozen.
More Epstein and Eugenics. Source Here
Now call me crazy, but there's some strangeness happening. Cryonics, don't die, just Let It Go and get Frozen. First Peter Thiel, now Epstein. Let's hope the AI Singularity arrives in time, right?
Now I wouldn't have even bothered with their shared interest of joining the Walt Disney Cryonics Club, if there wasn't more in play, and there's more in play.
August 9, 2019: TRT World • The billionaire shared the same personal network that included Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, former Israeli prime minister Ehud Barak, infamous Blackwater founder Erik Prince, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, UAE Crown Prince Mohamed bin Zayed, Donald Trump and Bill Clinton.
According to investigative journalist Vicky Ward, quoting a meeting with Trump’s transition team, Acosta told a White House official: “I was told Epstein ‘belonged to intelligence’ and to leave it alone.”
That's a bit of an exclusive club, kinda like being in the Mouseketeer CIA club. But, hey, nothing to see here, is there? But just in case, let's look into the company that Epstein worked with, Carbyne.
This single company, Carbyne, brought together a who’s who of power brokers and intelligence figures from multiple regions including Russia, China and the Trump administration itself, with Epstein at its heart. Officially, Carbyne provided high-tech solutions for emergency centres. In reality, it existed in a grey area giving it unprecedented access to private information, with significant potential for privacy abuse. Carbyne provides a service for police emergency centres, providing complete access to the caller’s camera and GPS, providing the dispatcher with a live video feed.
Ok. So Epstein and Thiel both are into AI, Surveillance, and Cryonics. President Trump was in Isreal and Saudi Arabia in May 2017. And who ended up in Isreal just afterwards?
PayPal Founder in Israel: Too Much Copying and Not Enough Innovation in High-tech
June 15, 2017: Haaretz • Billionaire Peter Thiel visits Israel – and gives out tips on how to build a successful startup. Source Here
Hey, one month after Trump visited the Middle East, Peter Thiel decides to take middle eastern vacation to give out business tips. And then Thiel must've reciprocated and invited the Fresh Prince of Saudi Arabia to get the all inclusive Palantir surveillance pitch. Smile for the camera everyone, cause the world's a stage and we're filming a world wide Truman Show.
April 7, 2018: Gulf News • Google, Thiel feature in Saudi Prince’s Silicon Valley tour. The Saudi delegation visited several Silicon Valley corporate campuses, including Apple Inc. and Facebook Inc. In addition to Facebook, where Thiel sits on the board, the Saudi delegation visited data-analysis start-up Palantir Technologies Inc and a trio of investment firms created by Thiel: Clarium Capital, Valar Ventures and Founders Fund. Thiel is chairman and co-founder of Palantir. Source Here
March 17, 2020: Forbes • These responders are now using a tool built in part by former members of Israel’s military intelligence—Elichai being one—that’s backed by Peter Thiel’s Founders Fund, former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, who is now the company’s chairman, and a small, passive investment from deceased multimillionaire pedophile Jeffrey Epstein. SourceHere
Ok look. I get it. Rich people make investments, those investments are bound to end up in the same company. But these companies aren't exactly run of the mill home security systems, are they? Nope. This is the kind of surveillance systems that the KGB or the Stasi could only dream of. And when you wish upon a star dreams come true. And Peter Thiel must be wishing upon a star.
Ok. Strap in, buckle up, and try to keep up, or you're gonna get left in the dust. Cause it's boom or bust from here on out, and we're gonna add it up like the count.
So Elichai owns Carbyne. Peter Thiel invested in Carbyne. And Carbyne is in the USA linked to the 911 system, and it's being used to fight the pandemic.
Forbes (Link Above) • Its founder thinks Carbyne’s tech could make the lives of 911 dispatch and healthcare professionals much less chaotic in the Covid-19 crisis. Carbyne relies on callers submitting themselves to self-surveillance via their own mobile phone. Once a caller uses their Android or iPhone to call 911 (85% of emergency calls now come from mobile devices), they receive a text message that asks for permission to get their precise location and access video from their smartphone camera.
Step right up and give your permission to be saved. Big Brother is looking out for you.
So Elichai used to work for the 8200. Cool name, right. I'm not sure about you, but that sounds pretty dystopian. And I've gotta say, that all of Technocrats that are promising us an AI utopia, sure seem to be getting ahead of the curve by building doomsday bunkers for a dystopia. And here we sit wasting our time Doomscrolling.
So what else has sprung up from the 8200? Have you ever heard about the NSO Group?
November 1, 2019 - WhatsApp identified an Israeli company, NSO Group, as having developed the spyware called Pegasus, which it held responsible for the breach. This disclosure was part of a lawsuit WhatsApp has filed against the NSO Group in a US federal court, saying the company was actively involved in hacking users of the encrypted chat service. As per the WhatsApp complaint the “target users included attorneys, journalists, human rights activists, political dissidents, diplomats, and other senior foreign government officials.” NSO’s spyware Pegasus has been reportedly used to target journalists in Mexico investigating drug cartels, rights group Amnesty International, human rights activists in UAE, activists in Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. According to Israeli news reports, Saudi Arabia paid $55 million for its use. The contract was later frozen over the scandal alleging NSO software's role in Saudi Arabia tracking slain journalist Jamal Khashoggi in the months before he was murdered in the Saudi Embassy in Turkey. In India, 17 people, who are known to be targeted include activists and human rights lawyers. Source Here
Whoops. Do you remember Jamal Khashoggi? He was trying to expose Human Rights abuses against Saudi Arabia. And then Suadi Arabia decided to murder him, and confirm that they were abusing human rights. Jamal paid the ultimate price to prove his point. But who is selling the hacking tools? At this point they all seem to be springing up from members of the 8200, and the companies they started.
TRT - Link Previously Provided • DarkMatter, a UAE surveillance and intelligence group employing former NSA operatives was built on the back of a larger initiative to modernise Emirati intelligence and military operations. The group took part in at the Arab Future Cities Conference in November 2015, where it presented a vision of smarter, tech-driven cities, which caught the eye of Chinese officials. Smarter cities meant Big Brother-esque widespread surveillance installed throughout the UAE. Only two years later in April 25 2017, DarkMatter signed a Global Strategic Memorandum of Understanding with Huawei, a leading Chinese company, for the same ‘Big Data’ systems and ‘Smart City’ solutions. The middle man? None other than Erik Prince, who had gone from working for the Emiratis, to working for a Chinese billionaire. In suspect timing, the Memorandum of Understanding also took place right before China scaled up its total surveillance and crackdown on Uighurs in Xinjiang, China.
February 2, 2019: Reuters • Xinjiang is a major part of China's Belt and Road infrastructure network but the region has faced attacks blamed on members of the Muslim ethnic Uighur minority. Beijing has responded with a security clampdown condemned by rights groups and Western governments. Frontier Services Group (FSG), a Hong Kong-listed company founded by Prince, said in a Chinese-language statement posted on its website on Jan. 22 that it had signed a deal to build a training centre in southern Xinjiang. Prince is deputy chairman, a minority shareholder and a board member of FSG, a security, logistics and insurance provider. Source Here

Watch this video.

Chinese authorities are using a 911 mobile app to carry out illegal mass surveillance and arbitrary detention of Muslims in China’s western Xinjiang region. Source Here
Makes you wonder, doesn't it? Aren't we condemning China for the camps, and yet the West is helping to build those camps? Must be a big mistake. We didn’t know what was happening. And Erik Prince swears he didn't know. Honestly. He's not lying. Cross my heart and hope to die. Pinky swear.
Recap.
8200 leads to NSO and Carbyne. DarkMatter is in the UAE with NSA employees. The NSO hack was used to capture Khashoggi. Peter Thiel invested in Facebook, Facebook owns WhatsApp. Peter Thiel invested in Carbyne. Eric Prince works for and founded FSG, which built the Muslim reduction school. China is using similar tech to target Muslims and send them back to school. Carbyne 911 surveillance tech accesses your phone camera after you click on the link to give permission. So. Peter Thiel funds Carbyne. Eric Prince is working for the UAE developing security and the UAE ends up with Dark Matter, and then his company (FSG) is sold to China, and they build re-education centers, which uses technology like Carbyne, and that technology is being used in the USA.
Got it? Good. Because I'm seriously having a hard time keeping up with the behind the scene footage of this LARP.
Link Previously Provided • 1,400 people worldwide, including Indian lawyers, rights activists and journalist, were targets of an online spying campaign that used highly sophisticated spyware developed by an Israeli firm via WhatsApp. WhatsApp is at the centre of a global storm over privacy after it was revealed that at least 17 Indians and about 1,400 people worldwide had their phones breached through the social media app. Their privacy was compromised by surveillance technology so invasive that could read and transmit the entire contents of a phone as well as operate its camera.
WhatsApp, Doc, I think I need an appointment because I'm suffering from Mass Psychogenic Illness from too much Doomscrolling.
Do you want to get deeper? I mean really deep? Yes? Ok. Let's jump into the deep.
October 18, 2019: fortune.com - How a WhatsApp Tax Launched Massive Anti-Government Protests in Lebanon.
What a crazy New Normal World Order we live in. What are the odds that we have a WhatsApp hack tax protest and we also have a WhatsApp hack that uses your phone camera, while also using similar tech in the USA and China. That's inconceivable! That's incredible! Someone call the press and let them know about this! Uhm. Wait. Better not. You might get Khashoggid.
So Eric Prince is involved. Peter Thiel is involved. WhatsApp is owned by Facebook and Mark Zuckerberg owns Facebook, and Peter Thiel helped Facebook grow. And then there was this.
March 28, 2018: Daily Mail • Employee of Peter Thiel's company Palantir helped Cambridge Analytica harvest the data of millions of the Facebook users. Alfredas Chmieliauskas is said to have suggested to Cambridge Analytica that it create a personality quiz smartphone app to get access to networks of Facebook users. The Times report also claims that Sophie Schmidt - the daughter former Google executive Eric Schmidt - had urged Cambridge Analytica to work with Palantir. Source Here
At this point, I think I'm going to need to buy a whole lot of tacks and string and make pciture maps on my walls. If we're all living in a Truman Surveillance Show, might as well play the part of the New Normal crazy conspiracy theorist, right?
January 17, 2017: The Intercept According to New York Times columnist Maureen Dowd, in December Prince attended the annual “Villains and Heroes” costume ball hosted by Mercer. Dowd wrote that Palantir founder Peter Thiel showed her “a picture on his phone of him posing with Erik Prince, who founded the private military company Blackwater, and Mr. Trump — who had no costume — but joke[d] that it was ‘N.S.F.I.’ (Not Safe for the Internet).”
No. Sanity. Fracking. Involved. Is more like it. This insanity can't pass for sanity, can it? And yet they label us crazy when we start to find the big picture, even if we aren't entirely sure what the big picture means.
The Intercpt Continued: In July, Prince told Trump’s senior adviser and white supremacist Steve Bannon, at the time head of Breitbart News, that the Trump administration should recreate a version of the Phoenix Program, the CIA assassination ring that operated during the Vietnam War, to fight ISIS. Such a program, Prince said, could kill or capture “the funders of Islamic terror and that would even be the wealthy radical Islamist billionaires funding it from the Middle East, and any of the other illicit activities they’re in.” Prince also said that Trump would be the best force to confront “Islamic fascism.” “As for the world looking to the United States for leadership, unfortunately, I think they’re going to have to wait till January and hope Mr. Trump is elected because, clearly, our generals don’t have a stomach for a fight,” Prince said. “Our president doesn’t have a stomach for a fight and the terrorists, the fascists, are winning.” Source Here
Sounds good, right? Kill people who kill people and maybe someday we won't have people getting killed. Killer idea! HEWDSHAWT! Grab your BFG and let's go BGH. It's a date!
But then why are these cell phone surveillance hacks companies being constantly linked with their names, and those hacks are being used to target journalists and human rights activists?
It's a small New Normal World Order after all. And it's getting smaller everyday. No worries though, Keep Calm and Carry On, We're All In This Together, and You're Either With Us Or Against Us. It's all good. That kind of thing could never happen here.
July 27, 2019: NARATIV • Michael Chertoff, who ran Homeland Security under George Bush, serves on Carbyne’s advisory board. Chertoff wrote the Patriot Act, which authorized digital surveillance of Americans. Source Here
Uh. Is nobody paying attention? Are the wolves guarding the sheep?
March 16, 2003: Washington Post • It didn't help that as the World Trade Center burned on Sept. 11, 2001, the news interrupted a Carlyle business conference at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel here attended by a brother of Osama bin Laden. Former president Bush, a fellow investor, had been with him at the conference the previous day. Source Here
Need more proof?
September 16, 2015: Carlyle Group • The Carlyle Group and The Chertoff Group Acquire Majority Stake in Coalfire Systems. Founded in 2001 and based in Louisville, Colo., Coalfire is a global cybersecurity and technology services provider specializing in cyber risk advisory, compliance assessments, technical testing and software services for private enterprises and government organizations. With its technical depth and breadth of IT services, Coalfire serves clients in sectors including technology, retail, payments, healthcare, financial services, education, local and state government, and utilities. Michael Chertoff, former U.S. Homeland Security Secretary and the co-founder and executive chairman of The Chertoff Group, said, “Cyber threats are an existential risk to companies and individuals around the globe. We and Carlyle are excited to partner with Coalfire, an innovative technology-enabled services company helping clients to address cyber risks.” Source Here
It's a good thing that Coalfire is on the case, could you imagine how bad the hacks would be otherwise? Have a look. Flatten the Curve. Part 43. [Link Here](https://np.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/i2g3i8/flatten_the_curve_part_43_unrestricted_warfare/?utm_medium=android_app&utm_source=share]
That's a pretty long trail that I've written. Guess what? The trail goes longer. So long that this will have to be continued in a part 2 later tonight. Until then; Heads Up and Eyes Open.Take Care. Be Safe. Stay Aware and Be Prepared. Talk soon.
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